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Homeopathic Remedies for Shin Splints 

Shin splints is a term used to describe pain in front of the leg anywhere from ankle to knee along the tibia (shin) bone. Tibia is one among the two bones present in the lower leg and the other one is fibula. Tibia is a large bone that lies on the inner side of the leg while fibula is located on the outer side of the leg. Shin splints is one among the most common lower leg injuries. It is medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome. Homeopathic remedies for shin splints like Rhus Tox and Ruta give remarkable relief in pain and soreness of the legs.Homeopathic Remedies for Shin Splints 

Causes and Risk Factors 

Shin splints typically arise from repetitive stress (from heavy work out or exercise) on the shin bone and the tissues that attach the muscles to the shin bone. This is because repeated stress leads to muscle fatigue which can recover from taking rest from a strenuous workout routine. But if a person keeps continuing putting repeated stress then it doesn’t allow the muscles to self heal. As muscles are unable to absorb the impact of intense stress of physical activity the whole impact is put on connective tissue and tibia lying underneath. People who engage in intense physical activities and who are runners, athletes, dancers are at risk of it. The intense physical activity put intense stress and strain on the bone, muscles and tendons predisposing to shin splints. A person who begins an intense workout routine suddenly or increases the intensity and frequency of a previous exercise routine at once are also at its risk. People who don’t take proper rest between running and work out schedules are at risk because it doesn’t give recovery time to the body from muscle fatigue.

Another risk factor is running on hard surfaces like concrete or uneven surfaces, running uphill or downhill. Other risk factors includes having flat foot (in this the arches on the inside of  feet are flat and when a person with this put feet on ground the entire sole of feet touch the floor), being overweight, wearing the wrong type of shoes or worn out shoes that doesn’t provide proper support while running  or work out and tight calf muscles (these muscles lies in the back of the lower leg).


A person having shin splints experiences pain along the inner side of the front of the lower leg. The pain is usually dull aching type but sometimes can become very sharp and intense. This area of pain may also be sore and tender. Sometimes little swelling in the lower leg may also appear. Initially the pain occurs or increases during exercise and is relieved by rest. But as the condition progresses the pain tends to become continuous.  In most of the cases shin splints arise in one leg but sometimes they can involve both the legs at the same time. In some cases the pain appears all of sudden when a person starts a new workout routine while in others the symptoms develop gradually over some period of time.

Sometimes stress fracture in tibia bone is a complication that can arise. The chances of stress fractures are more in females as compared to males. This is because the females are more at risk of low bone density and osteoporosis.

Homeopathic Remedies for Shin Splints 

Shin splints can be effectively treated with homeopathic medicines. There are numerous medicines in homeopathy that are well indicated for conditions like shin splints that follow extra stress and over straining of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments. These medicines taken well in time prevent further worsening of the condition and ensure great recovery in shin splint cases. These are safe and natural medicines that can be taken by people of any age group without any side effects.

  1. Rhus Tox – Top Grade Medicine

Rhus Tox is a top listed medicine to manage various conditions that arise from repetitive stress and strain on muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, joints. In case of shin splints that arise from over stress on tibia  bone and its surrounding tissues, Rhus Tox remains very effective to manage pain in the leg. For using it the leg pain may be aching, drawing, tearing type. In some of the cases the pain can also be shooting, cutting type. In most cases needing it the pain gets worse at night and rest. There is a desire to move legs to get relief. 

  1. Ruta – For Soreness in Leg along the Tibia Bone

This medicine is prepared from fresh plant Ruta graveolens having the common name garden rue. This plant belongs to family rutaceae. Like Rhus Tox, Ruta is also a leading medicine for complaints arising from extra stress on bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments. This medicine is considered in cases of shin splints when marked soreness is present in the leg along tibia bone. It is so sore as if it is beaten. Extreme soreness is felt on touch. Apart from above pain in the leg that worsens from stretching sometimes appears.

  1. Causticum – For Pain in Lower Leg felt on Every Movement

This medicine is mainly considered in people who complain of pain in the lower leg with every movement. The pain can be tearing or boring. Other than this its use is also made for  drawing, bruised and stitching type of pain in legs. The legs are also sore to touch. With pain and soreness, swelling in legs may also be present.

  1. Agaricus – For Dull or Drawing Pain in Leg 

This is very beneficial medicine for cases having dull or drawing pain in the leg along the tibia. Most people needing it have worsening of the leg pain from standing and also from sitting. They feel relief in pain from motion. Sometimes burning sensation is also felt in tibia along with pain.  

  1. Mezereum – For Leg Pain along Tibia when Touch is Intolerable 

This medicine is prepared from plant daphne mezereum having the common name spurge olive. Fresh bark of this plant gathered just before the plant flowers in February and March is used to prepare homeopathic medicine. This plant belongs to family thymelaeaceae. This medicine is valuable for cases in which there is leg pain along tibia with intolerance to least touch. The pain is mostly worse at night time in bed. The pain is violent as if tibia is beaten. It can be pressive, severe, stitching, excruciating or drawing, tearing in nature. 

  1. Nitric Acid – For Tearing Pain in Leg 

This medicine is very useful when there is tearing pain in the legs. This is most troublesome at night time. Legs also feels bruised with this. Soreness in the leg along the tibia bone is felt. Sometimes heaviness and weakness is experienced in the legs with above symptoms.

  1. Dulcamara – For Leg Pain along Shin Bone at Rest

This medicine is prepared from plant solanum dulcamara commonly known as woody nightshade and bitter – sweet. For preparing homeopathic medicine fresh green stems and leaves of this plant gathered just before flowering are used. This plant belongs to family solanaceae. Dulcamara is helpful medicine for managing leg pain along shin bone felt at rest. The pain is intolerable. Person needing it must walk around to get relief. Sometimes swelling in the leg accompany leg pain.

  1. Phosphoric Acid – When Leg Pain is Worse at Night

Phosphoric Acid is mainly indicated when there is pain in the leg at tibia in night time. The people needing it mainly have aching or tearing pain in tibia. They also complain of burning sensation in their legs along with this. Apart from above it is also a prominent medicine for decay (necrosis) of tibia bone especially on the right side.

  1. Kali Bichrome – For Leg Pain over Shin Bone while Standing

Kali Bichrome is indicated for cases in which leg pain over shin bone appears while standing. The pain is tearing or violent. It can be attended with a burning sensation sometimes. There may also be swelling on shin bone along with tenderness to touch. It is also well indicated when pain appears in the leg specifically in the middle of the tibia bone.

  1. Merc Sol – When Swelling over Tibia Attends Leg Pain

This medicine is significant to treat cases in which swelling over tibia arises along with leg pain. The pain can be pressing, boring, burning and drawing type. It’s also valuable for stitching pain in legs that arise from motion.

  1. Carbolic Acid – For Sharp Pain in Shin Bone

Carbolic Acid is helpful for cases of sharp pain in shin bone. It is usually indicated for left sided shin pain. Sometimes pain is centred in the middle of the shin bone where it is required. Along with pain sore, bruised feeling in leg is also present

  1. Anagallis – For Stitching Pain in Tibia

This medicine is prepared from plant Anagallis Arvensis also known as scarlet pimpernel and weather – glass. It belongs to family primulaceae. It is indicated for stitching pain in tibia bone. This gets worse from the motion of the leg or foot. This pain is also felt on crossing the legs.

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Homeopathic Treatment for Bee Sting – Top 5 Remedies

Bee stings are very common. They can be uncomfortable but in the majority of  cases are not serious. They cause sharp pain, redness, swelling and itching on skin at the site of sting that can be well managed by home treatment. This home treatment mainly includes quick removal of stinger, washing the affected skin area with soap and water, applying calamine lotion to soothe the itching on skin and taking a pain reliever. But people allergic to bee sting can experience severe symptoms (that can be even life threatening) that requires quick treatment. The most commonly known sting is from honeybees, but other bees like bumble bee, sweat bee and some wasps and insects can also sting. Homeopathic treatment for bee sting uses the top grade medicine Apis Mellifica as a first aid to bring down the signs and symptoms appearing on the skin.  Homeopathic treatment for bee sting

Bee sting arises from injection of stinger (a sharp organ present in insects like bees, wasps etc. which is connected to a sac of venom that injects venom by piercing skin) from honeybee into the skin. Barbed stinger of a honey bee penetrates into the skin when it stings. Following this the venom is released from the sac of venom attached to stinger. Major component of bee venom is melittin which damages cell membranes, causes expansion of  blood vessels, destructs red blood cells and triggers our pain receptors that cause pain.
Next, it contains protein phospholipase A2 that also causes destruction of the cell membrane, inflammation and pain.
Other than this it also contains histamines (A substance that plays a major role in many allergic reactions). Few people who are allergic to this venom or get stung multiple times, tend to experience a serious allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis requiring emergency treatment.


In case of bee stings everyone reacts differently and the symptom depends upon the severity of reaction that can be mild, moderate or severe. The symptoms of mild and moderate reaction are quite similar but vary in intensity. The reaction of the body to bee sting can vary every single time a person is stung. 

In case of mild reaction from bee sting the symptoms are localized to skin. In this a person feels temporary sharp pain at the site of sting that follows soon after being stung. Along with this little swelling, redness, heat and itching appears at the skin site of sting. These signs and symptoms are harmless, temporary and go away in a few hours without any complications.

If the reaction is moderate then there appears redness at the sting site which is intense along with pain and increased swelling that tend to enlarge for a day or two. The skin area adjacent to the site of sting can be involved too. These signs and symptoms may last for a week up to 10 days.

Some people develop a severe allergic reaction (called anaphylaxis) from a bee sting. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction which turns life – threatening if not treated immediately. In cases of anaphylaxis the immune system releases certain chemicals that can make a person go into shock and prove fatal if not treated promptly. In such cases the signs and symptoms are not localised  just to skin and can involve the entire body. The signs and symptoms of severe allergic reaction to bee stings include hives, severe itching, flushed or pale skin, swelling of throat and tongue,  difficulty in breathing, a rapid pulse, sudden drop in blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, lightheadedness, dizziness and loss of consciousness. If these signs and symptoms are present then one must seek urgent help from conventional mode of treatment as it can be life threatening and fatal if not attended immediately.

Homeopathic Treatment for Bee Sting 

Homoeopathic medicines can be of great help in cases of bee stings where mild to moderate reaction has occurred which is localised just to skin. But in severe cases where a severe allergic reaction / anaphylaxis has occurred one must immediately take urgent help from conventional mode of treatment as it is a medical emergency and homeopathy can’t help such cases. In mild to moderate cases with signs and symptoms appearing only on skin homeopathic medicines are very effective to provide quick relief in the sharp, stinging, pricking pain felt on the skin at the site of sting. They are also helpful to reduce the swelling and redness at the site of sting. Additionally they help ease any associated itching or burning sensation experienced at the skin area where bee sting has happened.  

Other than this they are very effective in treating hives arising from bee sting without any other symptom of anaphylaxis. Apart from bee stings , homeopathic medicines are also beneficial for wasp stings and stings from other insects. 

  1. Apis Mellifica – First Aid Remedy for Bee Sting

If any homoeopathic doctor be asked the medicine for bee sting the instant reply would be Apis Mellifica. It is highly recommended first aid medicine in homeopathy in case of bee sting. It is the most effective medicine and should be taken immediately after bee sting. It helps in aiding quick relief in the sharp pain and stinging prickling sensation at the site of sting. Further it helps to reduce the swelling and redness of skin at the sting site. Other than this it also brings relief in soreness, burning and smarting sensation that may attend in some of its cases. Itching, if present at a sting site, is also controlled well with this medicine. Next it is also indicated for urticaria / hives that may appear on skin following bee sting (note – it is only indicated for hives here and none other sign and symptom of allergic reaction anaphylaxis like breathing difficulty, rapid pulse rate, low BP, swelling of throat where prompt help from conventional system of medicine is a must). In the case of hives wheals means red raised inflamed itchy patches on skin appear. They have intense burning and stinging pain in them.  They also have intense itching which is intolerable. In most of the cases the itching is worse at night where this medicine is required. Apart from bee sting it is also a top listed medicine for sting of wasps and many other insects.

  1. Urtica Urens – For External Application of Tincture on Affected Skin 

This medicine is prepared from a plant known as small stinging – nettle belonging to family urticaceae. This fresh plant in flower is used to make homeopathic medicine. Just like Apis Mellifica, this medicine gives instant, quick relief in bee sting cases. Its use is mainly recommended in form of external application of its tincture at the site of the sting. It is almost a specific medicine used externally on skin in cases of bee stings. Its application can be made in bee sting on any body surface even on the most sensitive parts of face and eyelids. 

  1. Carbolic Acid – For Bee Sting with Inflamed Skin, Burning, Itching

Carbolic Acid is the next prominent medicine for bee sting. It is mainly indicated when skin is inflamed and burning itching on affected skin is marked. Pain is present with this which is pricking sticking in nature. Tingling sensation may also appear on affected skin area. 

  1. Ledum Pal – For Sting of Bee and other Insects

This medicine is prepared from plant Ledum Palustre having the common name wild rosemary and marsh cistus. This plant belongs to family ericaceae. This is another useful medicine for bee stings and also for wasp sting, yellow jacket sting, stings from other insects and mosquito bites. It helps to ease the pain and reduce the redness of skin.

  1. Ipecac – For External Application on Skin

This medicine is prepared from the dried root of plant Cephaelis ipecacuanha that belongs to the family rubiaceae. This is another medicine like Urtica Urens to apply locally on affected skin in tincture form in case of bee sting. It is also indicated for wasp stings and bites of other insects.

Apart from above, some other medicines that can be considered in cases of bee stings include Arnica, Hypericum, Histaminum and Natrum Mur.

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Top 10 Homeopathic Remedies for Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

Trochanteric bursitis refers to hip pain caused by inflamed bursa (fluid-filled sac near a joint) at the outside point of the hip. Nowadays, greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is the more preferred term used. Bursitis remains one of the most common reasons for hip pain. Trochanteric bursitis is named so because in this condition bursa present over the greater trochanter (the bony prominence at the top, outer side of the femur means thigh bone) at the edge of the hip is affected. Homeopathic Remedies for trochanteric pain syndrome help in reducing the inflammation of the bursa and provide excellent relief in its symptoms.Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

Bursa are small, fluid – filled sacs found near the joints. Bursa help muscles and tendons to glide over bone smoothly and prevent their rubbing against bones during joint movement. There are numerous bursa  in the human body, about 150 in number. Any of these bursa in the body can be inflamed. There are two main bursa in each of the hips. One is on the outside point of the hip called as trochanteric bursa and another one is on the inside area of the hip known as iliopsoas bursa. Among them in trochanteric bursitis the bursa that lies on the outer side of the hip is involved that causes pain in the outer part of the hip. In cases the iliopsoas bursa is inflamed then pain is felt in the groin area.  


There are various causes behind trochanteric bursitis. Among them the first one is injury on the outer side of the hip area. This can arise from a fall, being hitted by something hard on the outer side of the hip. It can also happen from lying on one side of the body for a long duration of time.
Secondly it can arise from overuse or repetitive activities that involve movements of the hip as from excessive running, ascending stairs and standing for too long.
Next it can arise from hip surgery or presence of surgical wire or some prosthetic implant in the hip.
Another reason that can lead to it is arthritis as in rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease that leads to pain, stiffness and swelling in the joints) and gout (red, tender, hot swollen joints from high uric acid levels in blood).
Having psoriasis (primarily a skin condition with red, inflamed patches on skin covered with silvery white scales, is also a predisposing factor for trochanteric bursitis), thyroid disease, scoliosis ( a condition in which a person has sideways curvature of the spine) and infection like tuberculosis also predisposes a person to it. 

Other reasons include bone spur (bony outgrowths that occur on the edges of a bone) in femur, torn tendons (tough fibrous bands that connects muscle to bone), poor posture that put strain on the hip, being overweight that also put excessive strain on the hip and difference in the length of two legs. In many cases no cause is ruled out behind trochanteric bursitis is unknown

Trochanteric bursitis is more common in females as compared to males. It more commonly affects people in the middle and old age.


The major symptom is pain in the outer side of the hip. Initially the pain is usually sharp and as time progresses the pain becomes like a dull ache. The pain tends to worsen from hip movement as while walking, stair climbing, doing exercise, rising from a chair or getting out of a car. It is also worse from lying on the affected side of the hip. In most of the cases the pain is worse at night. In some cases the pain can radiate to the thighs also. The outside area of the hip may be sore and sensitive to touch or when being pressed. There may also be stiffness in the hip joint along with pain. Swelling may sometimes appear in the affected leg. In severe cases fever may also appear. If the condition persists for too long then it can cause limping, can lead to loss of hip movement and also disability.

Homeopathic Remedies for Trochanteric Pain Syndrome

There are very effective medicines in homeopathy to treat trochanteric bursitis. People find major relief in hip pain and stiffness with use of these medicines. They target the root cause behind it to bring wonderful recovery. These medicines are selected as per the symptom present in each and every individual case. These are natural medicines so can be used safely with zero side effects in people of any age group. 

  1. Rhus Tox – Top Grade Medicine

Rhus Tox is a top listed medicine to treat cases of hip bursitis. People who need it have marked pain in the hip. They feel worsening of pain from lying on the side. The pain also worsens in them when rising from sitting position. Sometimes they complain of radiation of pain from hip down to the knee. This is most felt when they are walking or standing.  Along with pain they also experience stiffness in the hip region. It is one of the best medicines to treat conditions that follow over overstraining or overuse of hip or from injury to the hip.

  1. Bryonia – When Walking Worsens the Pain

Bryonia is prepared from the root of the plant Bryonia Alba commonly known as white bryony and wild hops. This plant belongs to the family cucurbitaceae. It is a very suitable medicine for cases having pain in the hip that worsen from walking. The pain for using it can be stabbing, shooting or stitching in nature The pain can extend from hip to the thigh and also the knee. Along with this sometimes lameness and bruised sensation is felt in the hip in the morning time. This is felt especially in the right hip. 

  1. Colocynth – For Continuous Drawing Pain in the Hip

This medicine is prepared from pulp of fruit of plant Citrullus colocynthis having the common name bitter apple. The family of this plant is cucurbitaceae. This medicine is indicated for continuous drawing pain in the hip. The persons who need it feel the pain all the time while standing, walking and even while sitting. Next it is also indicated for stitching or tearing pain in the hip that extends to the knee. This is particularly worse from motion.

  1. Causticum – For Soreness of Hip on the Side Lain Upon

Causticum is helpful for persons who feel soreness of the hip on the side on which they lay upon. The soreness is also felt in the thighs. This especially appears at night time. They frequently turn the sides when lying due to this complaint. With soreness pain in the hip is present that can be stitching type or aching type.

  1. Arnica – When it Follows an Injury

Arnica is prepared from plant Arnica Montana commonly known as leopard’s bane. This plant belongs to family compositae. It is a general medicine in homeopathy to treat conditions that follow injury, fall, blow or hit with a hard object. The key feature to use it here is a sore, bruised sensation in the hip. It is also indicated for drawing and pressing pains felt mainly in the left hip.

  1. Agaricus – For Tearing or Stitching Pain in Hip

This medicine is helpful when there is tearing or stitching pain in the hip. The tearing pain may extend from hip to knee in some cases requiring it. Pressing sensation may also be felt in the hip. With this stiffness in the hip joint can be present. 

  1. Natrum Sulph – For Hip Pain that Worsens at Night

This medicine is used when there is worsening of the hip pain at night time. This pain makes a person wake up at night. Other than this Natrum Sulph is beneficial when hip pain worsens from walking and also when rising from a seat. Next it is helpful for cases in which hip pain is worse from climbing stairs. 

  1. Phytolacca – For Sharp, Cutting Pain in Hip

It is prepared from plant Phytolacca decandra having the common name poke – root that belongs to family phytolaccaceae. Its use is mostly done when sharp, cutting pain in the hip is present. The pain mostly radiates from hip down to outside of the thigh. This mostly worsens at night and after sleep. Rubbing the hip can help ease the pain where it is required. 

  1. Carbo Animalis – When Hip Pain causes Limping

Carbo Animalis is a well-indicated medicine when hip pain makes a person limp. The pain is mostly drawing or stitching in nature. Most of the times the hip pain extends down the leg.

  1. Chelidonium – For Pain in Hip Worsening when Rising 

This medicine is prepared from plant Chelidonium Majus commonly known as Greater Celandine. This entire fresh plant at time of flowering is used to make homeopathic medicine Colocynth. This plant belongs to the family papaveraceae. This medicine is well indicated when there is pain in the hip particularly when rising from the seat. To use it the pain is mostly drawing or shooting type. Right sided hip is more affected where it is required.

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8 Effective Homeopathic Medicines for Galactorrhea

Galactorrhea refers to flow of milky discharge from the nipples which is not related to normal milk secretion that appears with childbirth and breastfeeding. It is not a disease but can point towards some other health condition. Mostly it tends to occur in women between the ages group 20 to 35, but it can also appear in men, newborns and infants (babies less than 1 yr age) too. Homeopathic medicines for galactorrhea can help gradually reduce the milk flow in these cases.Homeopathic Medicines for Galactorrhea


Common causes of galactorrhea for both men and women include the following: 

Galactorrhea usually arises from excessive prolactin hormone. Prolactin is a milk hormone produced by the pituitary gland. Prolactin helps in regulating periods in non pregnant women; promoting breast growth during pregnancy and helps in lactation means production of milk for breast feeding. Excessive prolactin and galactorrhea  can occur from following reasons: 

Prolactinoma ( a benign means non – cancerous tumour that forms in the pituitary gland and leads to overproduction of the hormone prolactin.) 

In females the prolactinoma can cause galactorrhea in addition to other symptoms that includes irregular menstrual periods or absent periods; painful intercourse due to vaginal dryness, low sex drive, fertility issues, acne (pimples), excessive hair growth on the face and body.

In males, this tumour can cause low libido (low sex drive), erection issues, enlargement of breast (gynaecomastia), low sperm count, decrease in facial and body hair and galactorrhea though it is rare. 

Headaches, visual disturbance and low bone density can occur in both males and females from prolactinoma.

Side effects of certain medicines can lead to galactorrhea. This some antidepressant (eg, paroxetine), antipsychotics like risperidone and high blood pressure medicine (eg methyl dopa); using opioid medicines (like fentanyl.)

Underactive Thyroid (hypothyroidism)

Use of herbal supplements like fenugreek, fennel seeds; 

Some medical conditions including chronic kidney disease; some types of lung cancer, liver disorder like cirrhosis


Chest wall injuries / surgeries.

In some cases no cause can be ruled out behind galactorrhea, such cases are referred to as idiopathic galactorrhea (it may be arising from increased sensitivity of  breast tissue  to prolactin hormone in the blood. In case the sensitivity is high galactorrhea can occur even when prolactin level in blood lies within normal range.)

In women

In women other than above causes taking birth control pills (oral contraceptive pills) can be another cause for galactorrhea. This can arise from imbalance of hormones caused by these birth control pills. It can also happen from excessive breast stimulation during sexual activity or from self examining of breast at very small intervals and nipple manipulation.

In men

In men, it can arise from low  testosterone apart from above reasons. It remains the common reason behind galactorrhea in males. This also results in breast enlargement in males (gynaecomastia). When this is the cause they may also experience erectile dysfunction and decrease sexual desire in them.

In newborns

Galactorrhea can occur in newborns too. This tends to happen from increased oestrogen levels in the mother that can enter the placenta and get into the baby’s blood before birth. It can also lead to enlarged breast in babies and also milky nipple discharge.

Signs and Symptoms 

The main sign of galactorrhea is a discharge of white  milky fluid from the nipple. It can be constant or appears at some intervals and can be slight or heavy flow. In some cases it tends to come out itself and in others on pressing the nipple. Either one or both the breasts can be affected in this. Other associated symptoms that can arise include irregular menstrual cycle, headaches or vision problems.

Homeopathic Medicines for Galactorrhea

Homeopathy offers very natural and effective treatment for cases of galactorrhea. These medicines bring excellent results in these cases by working towards regulating the hormonal levels in the body which is the main reason behind galactorrhea. They also help in treating any associated menstrual irregularities when present in any case. These medicines being of natural origin are very safe to use among females of all age groups. 

1. Pulsatilla – Top grade medicine for galactorrhea cases

Pulsatilla is a natural medicine prepared from plant Pulsatilla Nigricans commonly known as wind flower and pasque flower. This entire fresh plant when in flower is used to prepare homeopathic medicine. This plant belongs to family ranunculaceae. It is a top listed medicine for treating cases of galactorrhea. Its use is indicated when non pregnant females have milk in breast along with marked fullness of breast. The females needing it may also have menstrual irregularities along with this. The menses can occur too late or too early in them. The menstrual flow also varies from scanty to profuse. The menstrual blood can be thick, clotted or thin and can be black coloured. It is a top listed medicine to treat cases where milk like fluid starts to flow from the breasts of girls before puberty.

2. Asafoetida – For Galactorrhea with Congested Breast

This medicine is prepared from gum resin obtained by incision from the living root of Asafoetida plant. This plant belongs to the family umbelliferae. This is a very helpful medicine when there is milk secretion in a non pregnant woman. Along with this the breasts are congested and distended.

3. Merc Sol – For Milk Fluid Secretion during Menses

Merc Sol is a prominently indicated medicine for females who are full breast with milk during menses. They also have pain in the breast with this. Sometimes they have milk in the breast instead of menses. It is one of the leading medicines for galactorrhea in females during puberty. Apart from above it is also indicated for boys who complain of galactorrhea.

4. Cyclamen – When Milk Flow Occurs after Menses

Cyclamen is a natural medicine prepared from the root of plant Cyclamen Europaeum commonly known as sow – bread. This plant belongs to family primulaceae. The indicating feature to use it is milk in non pregnant females after menses. Along with this the breast is also swollen. In some cases the breast is painful, hard having a stitching sensation in it along with discharge of milky fluid. In some cases needing it menstrual irregularities may be present. This can be attended with headache, blindness or fiery spots before the eyes.

5. Borax – When Milk is Thick in Galactorrhea

It is the next well indicated medicine to treat cases of galactorrhea. Its use is suggested when the discharged milk is too thick. It is also very profuse. Females needing it may also have low sex drive. Apart from above infertility issues may also be present in females who require it.

6. Belladonna – For Heaviness and Hardness of Breast

Belladonna is a natural medicine prepared from a plant named Deadly Nightshade. This plant belongs to family solanaceae. It is also a beneficial medicine when the milk fills in the breasts of females who are not pregnant. The milk starts flowing out of the breast in copious amounts. Along with this, there is heaviness and hardness of breast. 

7. Lycopodium – Natural Medicine for Galactorrhea

This medicine is prepared from plant Lycopodium Clavatum commonly known as club moss. This plant belongs to family lycopodiaceae. It is another excellent medicine for cases of milk discharge from nipples in non lactating females. Additionally they may have tendency to have late periods. Another complaint that they may have is low libido ( decrease desire for sex). Lastly they can have dryness of vagina that lead to painful intercourse.

8. Phosphorus – For Amenorrhoea (absent periods)

The main indicating feature to use Phosphorus is absent periods with milk in breast of non pregnant women. Females who require it may also have tendency to late periods but with very copious flow. The menses may also last for long period of time in them.

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Homeopathic Remedies for Brittle Nails

Brittle nails refers to nails that are cracked, split and breaks easily. It is medically known as onychoschizia. The nails are made up of keratin ( a strong protein that is present in nails and also in hair, skin, and teeth). Homeopathic remedies for brittle nails help stimulate and speed up the growth of nails when they grow at a slow pace.

Normally nails are strong without any spots or discolouration and have a smooth texture. But these strong nails have a tendency to become brittle. It is a very common issue that can affect anyone but is more common in women as compared to men. It is twice more common in women than men. Brittle nails can appear on fingers or toes due to various reasons. In many cases brittle nails can be treated with home care tips / remedies. But when it fails to respond to these measures or if it is associated with some medical condition then they need a proper treatment for it to regain health and strength of nails.Homeopathic remedies for brittle nails help stimulate and speed up the growth of nails


Many times brittle nails is only a cosmetic concern that arises from wear and tear of nails, too little moisture or excessive moisture and from other external factors. While in many cases it can arise from a vitamin deficiency or some medical condition. If there is only breaking and splitting of fingernails but the toenails are healthy and strong then the cause is usually an external factor. 

Brittle nails can arise as a part of the ageing process. Mainly the finger nails get thin and brittle but the toe nails become hard and thick as a person ages.

This condition can also arise from external factors. Some of these factors include excessive exposure to detergents, chemicals or cleaning materials that tend to damage the nails. Next external factor is repeated washing (it lets the nails absorb water with its expansion. On drying the nails contract from loss of moisture. This is seen in people like swimmers and those who wash dishes excessively). Another external factor is long term use of nail polish or nail polish remover (these contain harsh chemicals that makes the nails dry and damage the keratin leading to brittle nails). Lastly cold, dry environments and winter months can also damage the nails causing it to be brittle. 

Other than this, it can arise from certain deficiencies like deficiency of iron or biotin (vitamin B7). 

Repeated injury to the nail is another cause. 

Some medical conditions in which brittle nails can arise includes the following:

I) Anaemia – Means low haemoglobin, Hb (a protein molecule present in the red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to rest of the entire body). If Hb is low then oxygen supply to the nail matrix also lowers depriving it of required nourishment that results in improper development of nail. 

II) Underactive Thyroid (hypothyroidism) – In such cases brittle nails can occur in addition to some of its major signs and symptoms that include weight gain, tiredness, hair fall, constipation and cold intolerance.

III) Fungal Infection of nail (onychomycosis) – in this infection the nails become brittle and crumble very easily. Other than this the nails get discoloured that can be yellow or brown.)

IV) Nail Psoriasis – Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that majorly causes inflamed patches on skin covered with silvery white flakes. It can also involve nails in many cases. When nails are involved the signs include  pitting of nails, discolouration of nails, crumbling of nails, changes in shape of nail and sometimes loosening and separation of nails from the nail bed.

V) Lichen Planus – It is an autoimmune disease that can affect skin, nails and mucous membranes. When it affects nails the signs that appear include ridges on the nail, thinning of the nails, splitting of nails and sometimes snail loss which is permanent.

VI) Raynaud’s Syndrome – In this there appears problems with blood circulation that can also affect the nails.

VII) Nail Patella Syndrome – A hereditary disorder in which the nails and knee caps are small and poorly developed. It can also affect other body areas including hips, elbows and chest. 

VIII) Diabetes – People who are diabetic are also prone to develop brittle and thin nails.

Signs and Symptoms 

The signs of brittle nails includes, dry nails (from too less moisture) or soft nails (from too much moisture), thin nails; easy cracking or chipping ( breaking of a small piece from the edge) of nails, split nails, peeled nails at the tip, easy breaking of nails, vertical ridges on the nail, slow growing nails and the hindrance in growing nails for long length. Pain around nails may also be present.  

Homeopathic Remedies for Brittle Nails  

Homeopathic medicines are very effective to strengthen and thicken the thin, brittle weakened nails. These medicines aim to slow down the process of cracking, breaking, crumbling chipping, splitting and peeling of nails and also prevent future recurrences. They also aid repairing of the damaged nails and also help cases where the nails are dry, rough, discoloured, have vertical ridges or have become deformed and grown out of shape. The homeopathic medicines that tops the list for treating cases of brittle nails are Antimonium Crudum, Graphites, Silicea and Thuja. 

Antimonium Crudum – Top Grade Medicine

Antimonium Crudum is a leading medicine to treat cases of brittle nails. In cases needing it the nails get cracked and crushed easily. The nails also have a tendency to grow in splits. Sometimes pain in the skin lying under the nails is present. In some cases the nails may be discoloured. They may also be deformed and grow out of shape. Apart from above it is also indicated for cases presenting with slow growth of nails. It is also one of the best medicines for cases of nail damage that arise from fungal infection of the nail.

Graphites – For Nails that Crumble, Breaks Easily

This medicine is very effective for cases having brittle nails that show a tendency to crumble and breaks easily. Along with this the nails may be painful and sore as if they are ulcerated. In few cases requiring it the nails are rough and sometimes are discoloured black. The nails may also be deformed.  

Silicea – For Brittle, Rough, Yellow, Crippled Nails

Silicea is a very beneficial medicine to stimulate nail growth. It is indicated  for cases having brittle, rough, yellow and damaged  nails. It is indicated to treat crippling of both fingers and toe nails. There may be sometimes grey discolouration of nails, or white spots on nails. In many cases the nails on cutting splits into layers or fall like powder.  Ulceration around the nails may be present. Excessive sweating on hands and feet may be present along with above indication in many cases needing it. 

Thuja – For Brittle, Distorted Nails

Thuja is a natural medicine prepared from fresh twigs of plant Thuja Occidentalis commonly known as Arbor Vitae. This plant belongs to family coniferae. It is an excellent medicine for brittle, distorted nails that get out of shape. The nails are also very dry. The nails crumble and may be discoloured too. Sometimes the nails are soft and peel off easily in layers. The nails may sometimes have vertical lines on it. Hangnails (a partly detached piece of dead skin at the side or the base of a fingernail) may also attend it.  

Arsenic Album – For Thin, Brittle Nails

Arsenic Album is well indicated  for thin and brittle nails. These nails get  cracked, chipped easily. The nails may be transparent or they may be discoloured reddish or blackish. The nails have vertical ridges on it and are highly damaged.

Castor Equi – For Crumbling of Nails on Impact

Castor Equi is prominently indicated when the nails are very brittle that crumble or chip from slightest knock, strike on a surface or a blow. The persons needing it also have cracking of nails or peeling of nails. They also have dropping off nails.

Fluoric Acid – For Brittle, Corrugated Nails

Fluoric Acid is a suitable medicine for cases presenting with brittle nails that are corrugated means have parallel, vertical ridges on the nails. They are rough too and tend to crumble quickly. Sometimes a sensation of splinter under the nail is felt. The nails can be distorted and not have a proper shape.

Sepia – For Brittle, Discoloured Nails

Sepia works well when the nails are brittle and discoloured. They are mostly discoloured yellow. They crumble easily and are damaged . the nails may also show peeling. 

Nitric Acid  – For Nails with White Spots

This medicine is indicated for brittle nails with white spots on it. The nails may also lack their normal shape. Sometimes the finger nails are yellow and curved. Both finger and toe nails may be severely damaged where it is required.

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Top 10 Homeopathic Medicines for Brain Fog

Brain fog is a term to describe a temporary state of inability to think clearly, confusion of mind, forgetfulness and lack of focus and concentration. It is not a disease, disorder or any medical condition in itself but can be an indicating feature of many other medical conditions. It can have an impact on a person’s day to day life and interfere with ability to work, attend job from concentration difficulty. It can lead to irritability, anxiety, frustration. Homeopathic medicines for brain fog help a person think clearly, improve concentration and focus, treat forgetfulness, confusion of mind, mental fatigue, low energy levels, headache and manage stress, anxieties. Homeopathic medicines for brain fog


There are many reasons behind brain fog. 

Firstly it includes long term stress, depression, anxiety ( long term presence of all these three can exhaust the mind leading to difficulty in thinking and problems in paying focus and concentrating in doing any work). Second reason is lack of adequate sleep. 

Next are hormonal changes (like those occurring during pregnancy, menopause), underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), Hashimoto’s disease (an autoimmune disorder that inflames the thyroid),  iron deficiency anaemia, deficiency of vitamin B12 and obesity (being overweight). 

Additionally, certain medications (like sleeping pills, some pain relieving medicines, corticosteroid, chemotherapy drugs, anxiety treating drugs) can cause brain fog. 

Other than this, some medical conditions can have brain fog as an attending symptom in addition to the other major symptoms. These medical conditions include multiple sclerosis (an autoimmune disease in which there is damage to the protective myelin sheath covering of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord), chronic fatigue syndrome (disorder in which a person has extreme tiredness which is not explained by any underlying medical condition. In this concentration issues can arise). 

The next medical condition is Alzheimer’s disease (a progressive brain disorder in which brain cells die that causes decline in memory and thinking ability and eventually the sufferer is unable to carry even the simple tasks. It is the most common cause of dementia. In this symptoms of brain fog can appear). 

Fibromyalgia is another medical condition linked with it (a chronic disorder in which widespread pain in the body is experienced along with general fatigue. In this other complaints like sleep problems, depression and brain fog can also appear too). 

Other medical conditions that can have brain fog as an attending symptom are sleep apnea (it is a serious sleep disorder in which a person experiences momentary pauses in breathing many times during sleep. This causes a person to wake frequently leading to poor quality sleep. This lack of sleep can lead to excessive sleepiness in daytime, headache, irritability and problems to pay attention while awake), diabetes and migraine.


Its symptoms include inability to think clearly or have sharp thoughts in mind, short-term memory problems, forgetfulness, and problems in remembering information. Its next symptom is inability to focus, lack of concentration, short attention span, taking much longer to complete any task even the routine ones. A person having it may also have difficulty following conversations. He feels as if his brain is not absorbing or understanding what other people are talking about and he may lose the train of thought mid way while talking or have problems putting thoughts into words. Along with above symptoms he may have confusion, feels disoriented, feel detached from reality, remain disorganized, is unable to solve problems and make plans. Other than this stress, low energy levels, mental fatigue, trouble sleeping at night, headache are present.

Homeopathic Medicines for Brain Fog

People having brain fog can be highly benefited with homeopathic medicines. These medicines focus to address the root cause behind it to ensure natural and excellent recovery. Homeopathic medicines for treating brain fog are of natural origin and are free from side effects. They are suitable for people of all age groups. 

1. Kali Phos – Top Grade Remedy

Kali Phos is a leading medicine to treat cases of brain fog. It is highly effective when there are memory problems, forgetfulness. It is attended with marked mental fatigue. Low energy levels are also prominent with this. It mostly suits when the brain fog arises from over work, over exertion of mind, over study or some worries. The mind feels dull and sluggish with this. In some cases depression, sadness, much weeping and crying are present. Sometimes anxiety is also there. It is one of the best medicines to manage mental stress and complaints arising from it. Kali Phos is also a prominent medicine for chronic fatigue syndrome.

2. Phosphoric Acid – Inability to Collect Thoughts

This medicine is beneficial for persons who are unable to collect thoughts. They are unable to find the right word when talking. Their thoughts vanish on reading. While reading they could not comprehend it. After reading, they forget everything. They also have loss of ideas and are unable to do any intellectual work. While thinking they feel dizzy. Other than this they have weak memory, dullness of mind and lack of imagination. 

3. Gelsemium – Inability to Think Clearly and Difficulty in Concentration

Homeopathic medicine Gelsemium is prepared from the bark of the root of plant Gelsemium Sempervirens commonly known as yellow jasmine. This plant belongs to family loganiaceae. It is very helpful medicine for cases presenting with inability to think clearly and concentration difficulties. Persons needing it are unable to think properly or fix attention. With this they have marked dullness of mind. Confusion of mind is also there with mental exhaustion. They are unable to do anything that requires thought. While doing any mental exertion they have vanishing thoughts. They also have problems in connecting ideas and cannot follow an idea for long. They can be highly irritable along with above symptoms. 

4. Picric Acid – For Brain Fog from Academic Stress

This medicine is indicated for cases of brain fog from over studying. Its use is also indicated for brain fog in people doing excessive literary work. The symptoms that are present include inability to collect thoughts and quick mental exhaustion from using mind, reading / writing a while or doing least intellectual work. With this there is aversion to do any mental work. There is also an inability to exert mind to think or talk. Along with this headache may be present that is triggered from any mental exertion. This headache is better by sleeping at night.

5. Anacardium – with forgetfulness

This medicine is prepared from a layer of nuts between the shell and kernel  of plant Anacardium Orientale commonly known as marking nut. This plant belongs to family anacardiaceae. It is considered in cases of brain fog attended with forgetfulness. Persons needing it have marked forgetfulness and forgets what has happened recently or what they have seen recently. They retain nothing in his memory. They also have a deficient flow of ideas in the brain. With this dullness of mind and problems in thinking are there. They have marked brain fatigue. It is also a top listed medicine for Alzheimer’s disease.

6. Cannabis Indica – For Poor Concentration

It helps cases having poor concentration. In such cases there is an inability to fix thoughts on one subject. The mind appears foggy. In some persons needing it there is forgetfulness while talking. They forget last words or ideas and begin a sentence but are unable to finish it because they forget what they were about to speak. They also cannot recall thoughts or events.

7. Lycopodium – For Confused Thoughts

This medicine is prepared from plant Lycopodium Clavatum (common name Club Moss.) This plant belongs to family lycopodiaceae. It is useful when there are confused thoughts in mind. There appears confusion about everything. There is also difficulty concentrating during conversation. Other than this it is indicated when a person is unable to express oneself correctly he may use wrong words for correct ideas. Sometimes there is difficulty to find the right fitted words. Along with above symptoms the memory is weak, the brain power seems failing. Its use is also made when a person makes mistakes in writing. He makes mistakes in spelling or mixes up letters. Lastly it is well indicated for mental fatigue from intellectual exertion with inability to do mental labor.

8. Argentum Nitricum – For Poor Focus and Concentration

It is prominent medicine when a person complains of poor focus and concentration. He is unable to fix his thoughts on anything and if attempted he gets darkness before his eyes along with a headache. There is weakness of the mind, mental confusion, and forgetfulness in conversation. There may be frequent attacks of anxiety along with impulsiveness and a desire to do things in a hurry. 

9. Natrum Mur – For Sleeplessness

Natrum Mur works well in cases of brain fog when sleeplessness attends it. Other symptoms that can arise are exhaustion, dullness of mind and  difficulty of thinking. The person needing it may have some sort of depression with much sadness and weeping spells. 

10. Calcarea Carb – For Headache

This medicine is valuable to treat cases in which the brain fog is attended with headache. The other symptoms that appear are forgetfulness, difficult thinking, confusion of mind, inability to understand anything read or heard. With this a person often misplaces words. There can be anxiety about the present and future along with above symptoms.

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Homeopathic Remedies for Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome

Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is an uncommon rectal disorder that arises when sores / ulcers develop in the rectum. Rectum is the terminal section of the large intestine where faeces are stored before they pass out of the body via anus. It is an uncommon disorder and people having long standing constipation usually develop it. Homeopathic remedies for solitary rectal ulcer syndrome help in effective management of its symptoms including constipation, bleeding from rectum,  mucus passage from rectum, straining during defecation, feeling of incomplete evacuation of stool, rectal pain and involuntary passage of stool. 
Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome

The term solitary rectal ulcer syndrome is a misnomer means is an inappropriate term for this disorder. This is because in this disorder either one (solitary) or multiple ulcers can develop in the rectum and also lesions range from patchy mucosal erythema means redness of mucosa to ulcers or to polypoid lesion  in the rectum. In this condition the lesions are usually located in the anterior rectal wall and it lies around 3 to 10 cm distance from the anal margin.

Homeopathic Remedies for Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome

There is excellent treatment of solitary rectal ulcer syndrome in homeopathy. They help to heal the lesions in the rectum and prevent its further progression by targeting the root cause behind it. The homeopathic medicines for treating this condition are selected individually for every case based on the prominent symptoms.

1. Nux Vomica – For constipation with ineffectual urge for stool which is unsatisfactory

Nux Vomica is a top listed medicine to manage cases of solitary rectal ulcer syndrome. The main indication to use it is constipation with frequent, ineffectual urging for stool. The person needing it has to go for stool many times a day. Stool is scanty, hard, dry, insufficient and unsatisfactory. A feeling of incomplete evacuation of stool is always present. There is always a sensation as if some stool still remained in the rectum even after going to stool a number of times in a day. Blood may also pass with the stool. Sometimes sharp pain in rectum is felt after passing the stool. In some cases prolapse of rectum may be present along with above symptoms.

2. Alumina – For constipation and straining during defecation

Alumina is a leading medicine to manage cases where constipation is present and stool is passed with great straining efforts. The stool can be dry, hard or soft but always passes with much straining. The stool can be covered with mucus. Blood can also pass after stool. Sometimes cutting pains in anus appear during stool. In many cases needing it there is no desire for stool for many days together until there is a large accumulation.  

3. Bryonia – For constipation with very dry, hard stool

Homeopathic medicine Bryonia is prepared from the root of plant Bryonia alba also known as white bryony or wild hops. This plant belongs to the family cucurbitaceae. It is a very suitable medicine for cases having constipation with very dry, hard, large stool. It appears as if burnt. It passes with much difficulty and straining. Sometimes the prolapse of rectum attends to stool passage. After stool burning sensation is felt in the rectum.

4. Alumen – For hard stool followed by long lasting pains in rectum

This medicine is very effective for persons having complaints of constipation with hard stool followed by pain in rectum that lasts for too long. The stool is dry, hard, large or passes in small pieces. In some cases, the first part of the stool is hard followed by soft stool.

5. Silicea – when stool is passed with much straining and pain in rectum

This medicine is beneficial when stool is passed with much straining and pain in rectum. For using this medicine the stool is very hard and passes with difficulty. The stool often slips back into rectum after coming to the verge of anus. The straining efforts required to pass it is extreme and causes soreness of abdominal muscles. During passage of stool rectal pain is felt. The pain can be burning, stinging or cutting in nature.

6. Hamamelis – To manage rectal bleeding

It is a natural medicine prepared from plant Hamamelis Virginiana commonly known as witch – hazel. This plant belongs to the family hamamelidaceae. It is a great medicine to manage bleeding from rectum. The bleeding can be profuse in cases needing it. Along with this stool is hard, dry and often coated with mucus. 

7. Phosphorus – For rectal bleeding and pain in rectum

It is another well indicated medicine for cases having rectal bleeding and rectal pain. The pain can be burning, needle-like stitching or smarting in nature. The bowel movements are sluggish and stool is dry, hard which is voided with difficulty. Sometimes pus from rectum also passes along with blood in these cases where it is required. 

8. Aloe – When mucus passes from rectum

This medicine is prepared from gum of the leaves of plant Aloe Socotrina that belongs to the family liliaceae. It offers help in cases with passage of mucus from rectum. With this pain in rectum after stool is felt. Constipation along with heavy pressure in the lower abdomen is present with this. Fullness and heavy weight sensation in the pelvis is another attending symptom. Burning sensation in the rectum may also appear along with above. Apart from above it is also prominently indicated for cases having involuntary passage of stool. Stool may also pass along with gas without any notice.

9. Merc Cor – For mucus passage and bleeding from rectum

Merc Cor is a very valuable medicine for managing mucus passage and bleeding from rectum. With this constipation is present. A feeling of incomplete defecation means sensation as if the bowels didn’t emptied completely and stool is still left behind in the rectum is prominently felt with this. It’s a never ending feeling even after passing stool, which smells offensive. 

10. Nitric Acid – For rectal pain

It is a very helpful medicine for managing rectal pain. It is indicated when there is sharp, splinter like or cutting pain in the rectum. This is felt while passing stool. With this constipation with dry, hard, scanty stool is present. The person who requires it has ineffectual urging to stool but passes little stool. A sensation as if stool still stayed back in rectum after defecation is present. With stool, blood or mucous discharges from rectum may occur.

11. Hydrastis – For burning and smarting pain in rectum

This medicine is prepared from the fresh root of plant Hydrastis Canadensis having the common name golden seal and orange-root. This plant belongs to family ranunculaceae. Its use is considered when there is burning and smarting pain in rectum during and after stool. Additionally long standing constipation is present with this. The stool is hard and is not passed daily.

12. Paeonia – For multiple ulcers in rectum with pain

This medicine is prepared from fresh root dug in spring of the plant Paeonia Officinalis commonly known as peony. This plant belongs to family ranunculaceae. It is very beneficial medicine when there are multiple ulcers in rectum with marked pain. The pain is felt during passing stool. Constipation can also be present with this.

13. Causticum – For involuntary passage of stool (faecal incontinence)

Causticum is a major medicine like medicine Aloe, to manage cases with involuntary passage of stool. In cases needing it the stool can be hard or its first part is hard and the last part is soft. White mucus can also be passed along with stool. Sometimes blood passes along with mucus.

14. Sulphur – Another medicine for involuntary stool

It is another suitable medicine to manage cases of involuntary stool. The stool is soft, thin. In many cases mucus passed with stool. The mucus can be greenish, white, brownish mucus or bloody. The stool is offensive. 

15. Ruta – For prolapse of rectum

This medicine works well in cases with prolapse of rectum. Along with this frequent urging for stool is there. The stool can be soft or hard and discharged with difficulty. It is unsatisfactory. Rectum protrudes while passing stool. With stool mucus or blood can pass. Sometimes stool passes involuntarily. 


The exact reason behind it is not clearly understood yet. However it is believed that injury to the rectum can lead to ulcer formation there. Injury can result from long term constipation, hard stool, putting strain to pass stool, removing hard stool from rectum manually and dis coordinated tightening of pelvic floor muscles causing reduced blood flow to rectum). Other than this medical conditions that are related with this include rectal prolapse ( a condition in which the rectum comes out of the anus) and intussusception (a condition in which one part of intestine slides in the another immediately adjacent part of intestine that causes reduced blood flow to the part of intestine affected).  


Its signs and symptoms include constipation, bleeding from rectum, passage of mucus from rectum, straining during defecation and a feeling of incomplete evacuation of stool. It can be attended with fullness sensation / pain in pelvis and pain in rectum. Lastly involuntary passage of stool (faecal incontinence) may arise. In some of its cases no symptoms can appear.

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Top Homeopathic Remedies for Duodenitis

Duodenitis refers to inflammation of the duodenum. Duodenum is the first section of the small intestine just below the stomach and is followed by other two sections of the small intestine (jejunum and ileum respectively.) Homeopathic remedies for duodenitis help reduce the inflammation of duodenum and halt its further progression. Homeopathic remedies for duodenitis

The food from stomach after mixing with the stomach acid enters into the duodenum for further digestion. In duodenum the food mixes with bile and digestive juice of the pancreas.
Afterwards absorption of the nutrients like vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, fat and also water from the food start there. Duodenitis may be acute or chronic in nature. In acute duodenitis the inflammation appears suddenly and remains for a short time while in the chronic one inflammation appears gradually and tends to remain for some months or years together.  

Homeopathic Remedies for Duodenitis

The cases of duodenitis can be effectively treated in the homeopathic system of medicine. They are effective for both acute (recent) as well as chronic (long standing) cases of duodenitis. These medicines aim to treat the root cause behind it and bring excellent recovery. They also help to relieve its symptoms including stomach pain, burning, cramping in the stomach, nausea, vomiting and stomach fullness in a magnificent way. Both intensity and frequency of symptoms are controlled with its use. These medicines are of natural origin so treat it safely with zero side effects. 

Lycopodium – For Marked Stomach Pain 

Lycopodium is prepared from a plant Lycopodium Clavatum commonly known as club moss. This plant belongs to family lycopodiaceae. This medicine is useful when there is marked pain in the stomach. The pain is highly variable in nature from case to case. It can be constricting, cramping, gnawing, griping, cutting, pressing, boring, tearing, burning or stitching type. The pain from the stomach may also extend through to back. The stomach pain can get worse from sitting bent over. Stomach may be sensitive to pressure too. Another symptom that is prominent is pressure and heaviness in the stomach. This is felt after eating even a little quantity of food. The stomach gets bloated and full from slight food. There is excessive formation of gas in the abdomen. Vomiting of sour nature may accompany above symptoms in some of the cases.

Baryta Mur – For Cramping Pain and Heated Sensation in Stomach

Baryta Mur is a well indicated medicine when there is cramping pain and heated sensation in the stomach. The heated sensation can extend to chest from stomach. The pain may be cramping or burning in nature. Heat sensation in the stomach is there that can extend to the chest. Retching and vomiting  most of the time appears with this. Another complaint that is present is the heaviness of the stomach. Pressure in the stomach after eating food is felt. The appetite is also lost. People needing this medicine also have complaints of chronic indigestion. On investigation the duodenum appears inflamed, dark red and is highly congested. 

Arsenic Album – For Prominent Burning Sensation in Stomach 

Arsenic Album is a very beneficial medicine when burning in the stomach is prominent. The person needing it has severe burning in the stomach as if coals of fire are lying there. It is also indicated when there is pain in the stomach from taking even slightest food or drink. Vomiting may attend burning and pain in the stomach. Vomiting may be of clear water, bile or it may also be bloody in a few cases. Apart from this fullness, pressure or weight in the stomach as from a stone is felt. Stomach may also be tender to pressure along with above symptoms.

Arsenic Sulf Flavum – For Violent, Persistent Vomiting

Arsenic Sulf Flavum is also a useful medicine where a person complains of burning in the stomach. It is attended with vomiting. The vomiting may be violent and persistent in cases needing it. Indigestion is also present.  

Colocynth – To Relieve Cramping in the Stomach

Homeopathic medicine Colocynth is prepared from pulp of fruit of a plant Citrullus colocynthis commonly called as bitter apple. This plant belongs to the natural order cucurbitaceae. It is an excellent medicine for cases where cramping in the stomach is marked.  Persons needing it have worsening of the cramps by taking little food or drink. They feel relief in the cramps by bending double or hard pressure. Apart from cramping it can also be used in cases where the pain is cutting or tearing in nature. Stomach fullness may attend cramps and pain.

Magnesium Phos – When Cramping in Stomach is Better by Warmth and Pressure

Magnesium Phos is also a very helpful medicine when cramping pain in the stomach is a prominent symptom. There is relief by warm application or pressure to the stomach in cases requiring it. It also helps cases with griping, drawing cutting, shooting pain in the stomach. Nausea and vomiting may attend stomach pain. Along with above symptoms, fullness and bloating in the stomach may also be felt.

China – For Bloating in the Stomach

Homeopathic medicine China is prepared from dried bark of a plant Cinchona Officinalis commonly known as peruvian bark. This plant belongs to family rubiaceae. It is a well indicated medicine when there is bloating in the stomach after eating. A heavy pressure and weight is felt in the stomach after consuming a small quantity of food. Abdomen may also be bloated. Vomiting of sour fluid may appear. Appetite is lost with above complaints.

Nux Vomica – For Fullness in Stomach after Eating 

Nux Vomica is also a prominent medicine when there is fullness in the stomach after eating. With this stomach may be distended. Stomach may also be sensitive to pressure. Sometimes there is constant pain in the stomach. In some cases there is a burning sensation in the stomach. Vomiting of food and sometimes blood may attend these symptoms. There is loss of appetite. There may be a history of excessive alcohol intake or drug abuse in persons who require this medicine.

Ipecac – For Relieving Constant Nausea and Vomiting 

Ipecac is prepared from the dried root of a plant Cephaelis ipecacuanha that belongs to family rubiaceae.The nausea and vomiting is constant in cases needing it. Vomiting may be of white, glairy mucus, watery fluid, sour fluid or dark liquid. Along with this cutting, pressing, cramping pain in the stomach may accompany. Appetite is lost in many cases needing it.

Uranium Nitricum – For Cases where Duodenal Ulcers are Formed 

Use of Uranium Nitricum is highly considered in cases where ulcers have developed in the duodenum. The key features to use it are sharp pain in the stomach, burning in stomach and nausea, vomiting. Abdomen bloating, belchings may attend to it. Recurrent vomiting of blood is another important feature.

Graphites – For Duodenal Ulcers with Constrictive / Burning Sensation in Stomach

It is also indicated for duodenal ulcers cases. In cases needing it there is constrictive pain or burning sensation in the stomach. Along with this there is prominent vomiting that follows soon after eating. Fullness and pressure in the stomach may accompany this.  

Causes and Risk Factors 

The most common cause behind duodenitis is infection by a bacterium called  Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria. The infection is spread through contaminated food and water. Its transmission happens through direct contact with vomiting, saliva or other body fluids of a person infected with this bacteria. This bacteria disrupts the mucus barrier which protects the duodenal lining from stomach contents that are acidic. This damage to the mucus barrier put a person at increased risk of inflammation in duodenum.

The next common reason behind duodenitis is long term use of NSAIDs i.e. non – steroidal anti inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen. 

Apart from these, some other causes and risk factors are:

Drinking excessive alcohol. 

Crohn’s disease – An inflammatory bowel disease – IBD, that can cause inflammation in any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus including duodenum. It is a disease of autoimmune origin.


Trauma or injury to the duodenum.

Certain viral infections.

Celiac disease – An autoimmune disease in which eating gluten which is a protein found in the wheat, barley and rye leads to damage in the small intestine from an immune response.

Radiation therapy and chemotherapy done for cancer treatment also predispose a person.

Recent surgery in the small intestine. 

Intense stress caused by major surgery.

Swallowing toxic /poisonous substances. 


Duodenitis does not cause symptoms in each and every case. When they appear they include stomach pain, burning or cramping in the stomach and in some cases  the stomach pain going through to the back. Other symptoms that tend to appear in such cases include nausea, vomiting, a bloated feeling in stomach, indigestion, sensation of fullness in the stomach that appears soon after beginning to eat and loss of appetite. If it is left untreated for a long duration then there is a risk that it  can lead to an ulcer in the duodenum.

Sometimes the stool may look black or vomiting may look like wet coffee ground particles that happen if there is some internal bleeding. While in some cases the stomach pain gets very intense. These are serious symptoms that can arise in some cases and they can be life threatening thus immediate help from conventional mode of treatment should be taken in such cases. 

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Homeopathic Medicines for Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa also simply called bulimia is a serious life threatening disorder in which a person binge eats, or  eats an excessive quantity of food in one sitting followed by self induced vomiting or purging (evacuating bowels by use of laxative, enemas) to get rid of consumed food, shed calories and prevent weight gain. Laxatives are substances that loosen stool and increase bowel movement and enemas is a procedure in which fluid is injected into the in rectum to empty bowels. The sufferer may also use drugs to lose weight, or exercise excessively, follow strict dieting or fasting in between the episodes of binge eating. Homeopathic medicines for bulimia nervosa like Lycopodium and Calc. Carb can effectively help manage the disorder. Homeopathic medicines for bulimia

The sufferer mostly has a normal weight needed as per the age and height or sometimes they are overweight. They have a fear of gaining weight and are not satisfied with their body shape and weight. They have constant thoughts in mind about an ideal body shape and weight they should have sometimes influenced by as shown on media, magazines or from pressure from society, family.

As per diagnostic criteria adopted by DSM-5 (DSM = Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) to diagnose bulimia nervosa, a person must have repeated episodes of binge eating followed by excessive or inappropriate measures taken to avoid weight gain and this should happen for at least once a week for a consistent period of 3 months and the sufferer should be over concerned about his / her body weight, shape and physical appearance.

Homeopathic Medicines for Bulimia Nervosa

Treatment with well selected constitutional medicines in homeopathy carry a great scope to recover from this condition. The constitutional medicine is a remedy selected after considering the totality of an individual’s symptoms both psychological as well as physical symptoms including overall personality and behaviours. These medicines are selected individually for every person after detailed case analysis. These medicines mainly work on treating its root cause which is mostly psychological in origin. These medicines are excellent to bring recovery in mild to moderate cases. However in severe cases where life threatening complications have arrived like severe electrolyte imbalance, major heart or kidney problems then urgent help from conventional mode of treatment should be opted.   

  1. Lycopodium – For Bulimia with Bloated Abdomen

Lycopodium is prepared from plant Lycopodium Clavatum commonly known as club moss belonging to the family lycopodiaceae. It is a suitable medicine when bulimia is there with a bloated abdomen. Persons needing it have excessive hunger and eat a lot, the more they eat the more the urge to eat increases. Sour belching and heartburn are other complaints they often face. They have a poor self esteem and low self confidence levels. They are also very concerned about their image. 

  1. Calcarea Carb – When Person having Bulimia is Overweight

This medicine is suited to people in whom the appetite is increased to a great extent and who are overweight. With an increase of appetite they may also have complaints of exhaustion, weakness. They usually feel weak when walking or when climbing stairs. They do not want to do any exertion or other work. They may also have distended, hard abdomen and heartburn. The glands in the neck may also be swollen among them. The females may have complaints of suppressed periods along with above symptoms. 

  1. Staphisagria – Suitable for with Low Self Esteem, Poor Confidence 

This medicine is prepared from seeds of plant Delphinium staphisagria also called stavesacre. This plant belongs to family ranunculaceae. It is best suited for treating bulimia in people who have low self esteem, poor confidence level and have traits of self pity. They feel they are worthless. They also are very sensitive to the opinions of other people about them and what other people say to them with a tendency to get easily offended. They also feel depressed and eat large quantities of food. They mostly have a tendency to binge on sweets. Following eating excessive food they feel guilty for it. 

  1. China – For Episodes of Binge Eating at Night with Weakness

Homeopathic medicine China is prepared from dried bark of plant Cinchona Officinalis also commonly called Peruvian bark. This plant belongs to family rubiaceae. This medicine mostly helps when there are episodes of excessive eating mainly at night time. People needing it also feel weak and have low energy levels. Digestive complaints are also prominent among them that mostly includes bloated abdomen, gas and loose stool (diarrhoea).

  1. Ignatia – For People who are Sad or Depressed 

Ignatia is prepared from seeds of plant Ignatia Amara also called St. Ignatius Bean. This plant belongs to family loganiaceae. It is most beneficial to treat bulimia in persons who are sad, worried, depressed or have a history of some grief. They may also have sudden mood swings. It also suits persons who have traits of perfectionism or obsessions and who are over concerned with their appearance. They are hard on themselves when it comes to weight and have a desire to have an ideal body image. They may also have low self esteem and have some sort of frustrations in their lives. 

6. Natrum Mur – For People with Sensitive Nature or Depressed Mood

Its use is also indicated for persons who are sensitive or have depressed moods with increased intake of food. They may also have weakness and tend to get exhausted easily. The skin is dry in them. The sexual desire is also reduced among them. Females needing it may have irregular or absent periods. 

7. Sacharum Album – For Bulimia with Obesity

Sacharum Album is especially used when there is bulimia with obesity. People needing it do compulsive eating. Soon after eating the appetite returns with an empty feeling in the stomach. They also lack energy and feel weak. Their skin is also extremely dry.

  1. Antimonium Crudum – For People with Chronic Indigestion and Bulimia

Antimonium Crudum is a useful medicine for persons who have an excessive appetite and eat food beyond how much their stomach can digest. They suffer from chronic indigestion and have distended abdomen with rumbling. They also have heartburn and nausea. A peculiar finding in them is a thickly coated white tongue. Another complaint that they face is excessive weakness. There is also a tendency to grow fat in persons needing it. 

Risk Factors

The real reason for bulimia is not known yet. However, there are certain factors that are thought to play a role in its development and increase its risk.

Genetic factors 

People having a family history of bulimia are at risk to develop the same pointing towards the possibility of a genetic link involved in its development. 

Emotional and psychological complaints

People having depression, anxiety disorders are at risk of it. Certain personality traits like having low self – esteem, self critical nature, having anger issues, impulsiveness or thinking negatively about themselves, over striving for perfection, over concern about body size, weight and shape put a person at its risk. People having a history of some mental trauma in past and long term psychological stress are also predisposed to develop it. People who are sensitive and influenced by social media are also at risk. 

Women and girls are more at risk to develop bulimia as compared to men and boys. It is estimated that females are nine times more at risk of it as compared to males.

Bulimia mostly tends to affect people of late teenage and early adulthood age groups.

People who were overweight / obese in childhood or in teenage are at risk of bulimia.

Dieting is another risk factor for developing it. Most people having bulimia goes on a strict low calorie diet between episodes of excessive eating (binging). This can trigger a desire to again binge and purge

Decreasing levels of chemical serotonin in the brain is also thought to play a role as per some researches.


The main symptom of bulimia is eating excessive quantities of food in one go with inability to control oneself to stop it followed by forcible vomiting to avoid weight gain. Some people having it tend to use laxatives, enemas, diuretics to avoid weight gain. Few excessively exercise or use herbs to lose weight. While many tend to do fasting or take low calories diets on a strict basis between episodes of excessive eating. They have a fear of gaining weight and always keep on thinking about one’s body shape and weight. They tend to avoid eating in front of others and go to the bathroom soon after eating. Other symptoms include having negative self – image, always thinking they are fat and keeps complaining about it to others, depressed mood and mood swings. Their teeth may be damaged or the teeth are stained from stomach acid, the glands in the neck and face may be swollen. There may also arise swelling on hands and feet and there may be sores / calluses on the knuckles of hands. They may feel exhausted, weak, have unhealthy or dry skin and have gastric troubles (like constipation, diarrhoea, indigestion, heartburn, bloating, constipation) or have low sex drive (libido). In women the periods may get irregular or absent. 


The complications are several and some are severe and life threatening. Complications in cases of bulimia include electrolyte imbalance, digestive issues (like stomach ulcers), esophagitis – inflamed esophagus (food pipe), rupture of esophageal wall, hyperglycaemia (low blood sugar levels than the normal) following vomiting. Other complications that can arise include severe gum disease or tooth decay, dehydration, kidney failure, heart problems (rapid heartbeat, irregularity of heartbeat, palpitations or in severe cases heart failure). Infertility is another complication that can arise. The person may also have poor self esteem, or faces difficulty with social life, may develop anxiety, depression or indulge in abuse of alcohol or drugs or they may also develop self harming tendencies, suicidal thoughts / attempts.  

Call Dr. Sharma's Clinic - From United States and Canada call 703-659-0873.Patients From rest of the world and India call+91-6283487321

9 Effective Homeopathic Medicines for Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterised by excessive weight loss, fear of gaining weight and becoming fat and desire to be thin. People having this aim on controlling their weight and body shape. To do this they follow food restrictions by eating only certain kinds of food, small quantities of food and keeping a strict check on their calorie intake. Homeopathic medicines for anorexia nervosa can help regain normal eating habits, improve weight, and can also help in recovering from its physical and emotional effects. Homeopathic medicines for anorexia

People affected by this disorder may exercise aggressively. They may even forcibly vomit after eating or use laxative (substances that loosen stools and increase bowel movements) or enemas (injection of fluid into the rectum, to stimulate stool evacuation) to empty the bowels quickly to avoid weight gain. They always feel that they are overweight and fat even after losing so much weight and being underweight. 

Homeopathic Medicines for Anorexia Nervosa

Homeopathy is very beneficial to help cases of anorexia nervosa. Use of a well selected constitutional homeopathic medicine can help in recovering from this condition. These medicines bring excellent improvement by working on a deep psychological level. They bring a balance in the brain and help in removing obsessive compulsive thoughts, fears that are restricting a person to avoid food. These medicines are effective for mild to moderate cases. In severe cases with complications and irreversible damage to body organs should be treated under conventional mode of treatment as they can be fatal.

1. Natrum Mur – For very thin people with Excessive Weight Loss

It is especially suited to persons who have excessive weight loss and look thin, particularly in the neck area. They are over sensitive, tend to have depressed moods and tend to withdraw socially. They have weakness and get easily tired. Their skin is dry and their limbs remain cold. They are also anaemic. Hair fall is another complaint present in them. There may be mental trauma going in their lives like some grief from the death of a loved one or they may be going through a phase of broken relationships. Females needing it may xperience absence of periods and reduced sexual desires.

2. Arsenic Album – For Anxious Personalities or those with Obsessive Compulsive Traits

This medicine mainly is suitable for persons having anxious personalities or those having obsessive compulsive traits. They have fixed ideas and have a nature of complaining about things to people near them. They mainly have rapid weight loss, anaemia and extreme weakness. They feel exhausted even after slight exertion. Excessive restlessness is also present among them. They have an aversion to eating sweets and fats. With the above symptoms they have a dry, rough skin. 

3. China – For Thin, Anaemic People

This medicine is indicated for persons who look very thin and are anaemic. Their complexion appears pale, yellow and skin is dry. They suffer from intense weakness. Their hands and feet remain cold.  Along with above they suffer from gastric issues mainly bloated abdomen and pain in abdomen.

4.  Alfalfa – To Improve Appetite

Its use is considered to improve appetite where a person has aversion to all kinds of food. It also helps to promote weight gain when a person is very thin. It is also beneficial to improve mental and physical weakness and also muscle weakness. 

5. Ignatia – suited to people having Sensitive, nervous nature

This medicine is indicated for persons having sensitive, nervous personalities. They may have some sort of depression or mood disorder. They may also have some form of emotional shock, grief, worry or major disappointment in their life. They might be frustrated. They have a depressed mood, remain unhappy, sad, irritable and face issues of sleeplessness. They do not wish to go out, withdraw socially and prefer to be alone. They carry a low self esteem. They become overly concerned about their outlook and appearance. They strive for perfection and are harsh on themselves to maintain an ideal body weight and image.

6. Kali Phos – For People who are Sensitive and Overstressed

It is a preferred medicine for sensitive, irritable, overstressed people having a lot of stress in their lives. They are very thin. They feel very weak and tired all the time. The weakness is present both on the mental and physical plane. They lack energy to do anything and experience muscle weakness. Their mind remains dull, mood remains sad, depressed and memory weakens. They face a major concern of sleeplessness along with above complaints. 

7. Phosphorus – For Weak People with Anaemia

It suits nervous, weak people with anaemia. They have intense weakness, sometimes fainting spells. Hair fall is a main complaint they have. Their bones are also weak, fragile and prone to break easily (osteoporosis.)

8. Sepia – For Weakness and Fainting

It is most suited to women having weakness and easy fainting. They have yellow looking skin and face appear old wrinkled. They feel extremely cold even in a warm room. They remain depressed, have aversion to work, are highly irritable and get easily offended. They also have low libido means reduced desire for sex.

9. Phosphoric Acid – For Weight Loss and Weakness

It is beneficial when weight loss and excessive weakness are marked. There is intense fatigue, debility and tiredness. The person needing it is thin with dark circles around the eyes and has a sunken face. They may have a history of some grief. Other symptoms are slowness of mind, dull mind, lack of emotions, difficulty in concentration, forgetfulness. They also face complaints of hair loss.


The exact reason behind anorexia nervosa is not known yet. However certain factors including biological, environmental and psychological factors are thought to be involved in developing this disorder.

Biological: Genetics is thought to play a role in developing it as it tends to run in families, but the exact genes that are involved are not known. Changes in certain hormones which control the mood, appetite, hunger, thinking are also linked with development of this disorder. Other than this, a chemical called serotonin produced in the brain is suggested to play a role in it.   

Environmental: Society and peer pressure to look thin as it is a sign of beauty may also influence a person to develop this condition. Other than these, pictures of body images from media, television, fashion industry that depict beauty in thinness can also impact a person’s mind and influence them to be thin and contribute to the development of anorexia nervosa. 

Psychological: People having OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) are at risk because sticking to a strict diet is easier for them. Persons having a mood disorder, depression, anxiety disorder are also at risk .

Risk Factors 

Though both men and women can develop it, women are 10 times more at risk than men for developing anorexia.

It is common in teenagers and young adults though it can affect people of any age group. It rarely affects people above 40 years of age. Teens are at risk because due to hormonal changes at this age their body is going through a lot of changes and at the same time they may be sensitive to others’ opinion about them and some may not be able to take up any comment about their body shape and weight from others.

People having a family history of anorexia nervosa are at high risk of developing the same.

People going through some major stressful event in life like relationship breakup, death of a family member or someone close,  unemployment, change of job / school, some major family problem are at risk to develop it. When life gets out of control for them they may seek ways to control their lives. They may then develop anorexia nervosa as a way to have a control on some area of their life. This achievement gives them a feeling of success.

History of being bullied or teased about body weight, physical, sexual / emotional  abuse

People having certain personality traits and emotions like striving for perfection, following strict rules and regulations, sensitive to criticism regarding them, prone to anxiety, depression and difficulty in handling stress are predisposed to develop it

Another factor is dieting. When a person starts dieting and begins losing weight, the lack of nutrients cause the brain to bring about mood changes, rigid thinking, obsessive thoughts, restrictive eating linked with anorexia nervosa 


Physical symptoms

The major sign is excessive weight loss and looking very thin. People with this disorder experience weakness, fatigue, and lack of energy. They may have low blood pressure or feel dizzy, sometimes fainting and have an inability to tolerate cold. Their skin looks yellow, pale, it’s dry and covered with soft, fine hair (lanugo), the fingers may have blue discolouration. Their hair may become thin, breaks easily or fall out and the nails may get dry, brittle. They face complaints of sleeplessness (insomnia), concentration difficulties. Additionally constipation, abdomen pain, stomach cramps, can arise. In females periods may be absent for months together. Rest of its symptoms are swollen arms / legs, dehydration discoloured / eroded teeth, tooth decay from induced vomiting, muscle weakness and low immunity.

Emotional and behavioural symptoms

People having it skip meals or eat little amounts of specific food low in calories even when they are very thin and have low weight. They deny hunger, refuse to eat, make excuses for not eating or lie about the quantity of food eaten. They tend to avoid eating in public. They may eat food in a particular sequence,  excessively chew food or spit food after chewing. They feel fat even when they are underweight or feel as if some body parts are too fat. They have fear of getting fat and gaining weight and they keep checking body looks in the mirror and weighing, measuring themselves frequently. They cover themselves in layers of clothing to hide weight loss from others and remain warm or wear loose clothing to hide weight loss. They may exercise excessively, use laxatives or diuretics. They may lack emotion, have depressed mood, withdraws from social activities and tend to have low libido (decrease of interest in sex.)


The complications include loss of bone mass (osteoporosis), increased risk of fractures, anaemia (low number of  healthy red blood cells to carry sufficient oxygen to body tissues), loss of muscle mass, electrolyte imbalance like sodium, potassium and calcium. It can also cause hormonal problems (Lower levels of growth hormones, low testosterone in males ), gastric troubles (like constipation, bloating), kidney problems and heart problems (low heart rate, damage to heart muscle, irregularity of heart rhythms or heart failure.) Persons may have suicidal thoughts or also indulge in self harming activities or attempts to suicide attempts.

If it turns severe then the brain, heart and kidneys may be damaged and such changes can not be reversed. It can be fatal, and death can occur in the most severe cases from abnormal heart rhythms or an imbalance of electrolytes.

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