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Homeopathic Medicines Can Help Avoid Varicose veins Surgery

The veins that are enlarged, twisted or engorged are known as varicose veins. Varicose veins can develop in any part of the body but most commonly appear in the legs and feet. Varicose veins in the legs develop as a result of pooling of blood due to improper functioning of valves in the veins of the legs. Varicose veins can be well-treated with natural medicines. The top homeopathic medicine for varicose veins includes natural medicines like Hamamelis Virginiana, Pulsatilla Nigricans, and Calcarea Flour.               homeopathic medicines for varicose veins

Homeopathy for Varicose Veins

The conventional treatment for varicose veins usually involves techniques like sclerotherapy, laser surgery, micro sclerotherapy, endoscopic vein surgery and endovenous ablation therapy.

Sclerotherapy involves injecting a liquid or foam through a chemical injection to redirect the blood to a healthier vein. Microsclerotherapy is a similar procedure.

Laser Surgery employs the use of light energy to block off a vein.

Endoscopic Vein Surgery uses a small scope with a light that is inserted into the vein through a small incision to block it off.

Endovenous Ablation Therapy uses radiofrequency waves and heat to block off a vein.

These treatments tend to have some very common side effects that include nerve damage, deep vein thrombosis, wound complications like skin infections, blood clots, vascular injuries, scarring and staining of the skin.
Also, despite an invasive surgery, the chances of recurrence of the problem are common. Homeopathy has an excellent scope for treating varicose veins.
The symptoms like pain, cramping, tiredness, a sensation of heaviness in the legs are well-managed with homeopathy medicines. Homeopathy for varicose veins works at strengthening the valves of veins in legs, reducing the blood engorgement and aid in the symptomatic management of the varicose veins. The benefits of using these remedies for varicose veins are as follows:

1. No Side-Effects

Homeopathy for varicose veins cause no side effects, unlike conventional treatments. These medicines for varicose veins are made of natural substances and are highly diluted, yet potent, and they work to prevent the backflow of blood in the vein.

2. Simple and Effective

Homeopathy works to restore the internal healing mechanism of the body. This helps address the condition naturally and effectively, and invasive procedures like surgery can be held off.

3. Natural Medicines are Safe

Made from natural substances, homeopathy helps treat the condition on a long-term basis. Once a treatment for varicose veins has been successfully administered, the chances of the condition recurring are slim to none. Unlike conventional treatment, homeopathy offers long-term relief from the symptoms of varicose veins.

Top Homeopathic Medicines for Varicose Veins

1. Hamamelis Virginiana – For Tiredness/Aching in Legs

Hamamelis is prepared from a plant commonly named witch – hazel. This plant belongs to family Hamamelidaceae.
Hamamelis Virginiana is a highly effective remedy for varicose veins. Its most prominent symptom indication is tiredness or aching in the legs. Along with this, a tense feeling in the legs may be present. The varicosities may look like hard and knotty swellings in the legs. A dragging sensation in the legs may be present. Pain in varicose veins from the slightest motion is another feature. Soreness of varicose veins may also arise. Hamamelis Virginiana can help to reduce the engorgement of blood in veins and its related symptoms. Deep-rooted, circular ulcers with stinging, pricking pain and high sensitivity are another prominent features for using the homeopathic medicine Hamamelis Virginiana.

Key Indications for using Hamamelis Virginiana for Varicose Veins:

– Tiredness or aching in the legs.

– A tense feeling in the legs.

– Varicose ulcers with stinging and pricking pain.

2. Pulsatilla Nigricans – For Varicose Veins that are Painful

Pulsatilla Nigricans is a natural medicine prepared from plant “windflower”. The natural order of this plant is Ranunculaceae.
Pulsatilla Nigricans is an excellent remedy for varicose veins that are painful. Heaviness or weariness in the legs along with pain, a tensed and drawing sensation in the legs, cramping in the legs (mostly in the evening) are the symptoms highly indicative of Pulsatilla Nigricans.
Hanging down the lower limbs worsens the complaints. Along with these symptoms, restlessness in the lower limbs may also appear. Pulsatilla Nigricans is indicated for varicose veins in women when the symptoms worsen during menses and for varicose veins on lower limbs, forearms, and hands.

Key Indications for using Pulsatilla for Varicose Veins:

– Presence of painful varicose veins.

– A tensed and drawing sensation in the legs.

– A cramping sensation in the legs.

3. Calcarea Fluor – For Hard, Knotty Varicose Veins

Calcarea Fluor is a highly recommended remedy for varicose veins. It is a biochemic medicine for varicose veins that work wonderfully in reducing the engorgement of blood in veins and improving blood circulation. Few indications for using Calcarea Fluor are enlarged veins, hardened veins, knotty veins on lower limbs. The attending features are dry, cracked skin on the legs.

Key Indications for using Calcarea Fluor for Varicose Veins:

– Presence of hard varicose veins.

– Presence of knotty varicose veins.

– Dry, cracked skin on the legs.

Other Important Medicines for Varicose Veins

1. Calcarea Carb – For Painless Varicose Veins

Calcarea Carb is an excellent remedy for varicose veins. It is useful for varicose veins that are painless and appear only as prominent veins on the legs. Burning sensation in veins may be present in a few cases. A marked coldness in feet, excessive sweat on feet (sour smelling) and varicose veins on the legs and thighs are well-treated with Calcarea Carb.

2. Fluoric Acid – For Varicose Veins worsened by Warmth

Fluoric Acid is a valuable remedy for varicose veins treatment. The most characteristic feature to use Fluoric Acid is painful varicose veins in the legs that are made worse by warmth. Fluoric Acid is used to treat long-standing, obstinate cases of varicose veins. Apart from the above symptoms, Fluoric Acid is useful for varicose ulcers with red margins. Pain in ulcers is intense, and warmth worsens the pain while cold application relieves the pain.

3. Apis Mellifica – For Stinging Pains

Apis Mellifica is a remedy for varicose veins where there is a stinging pain present in the affected area. Burning sensation and sensitiveness on the leg may be present. In a few cases, lower limbs feel tired, bruised and heavy as lead. Swelling in the legs may also be present with inflamed veins.

4. Graphites Naturalis – For Varicose Veins with Itching

Graphites Naturalis is a highly recommended remedy for varicose veins attended with itching. Itching in most cases gets worse at night time. Little pimples may be present on the surrounding skin surface (affected by varicose veins). Skin dryness may also be there to a high degree. Other attending features are restlessness, heaviness, and tensed feeling in legs. The tensed feeling gets worse upon extending the legs. A congested feeling in legs and feet on standing may also be present. Graphites Naturalis is also a helpful remedy for swelling in the legs with peculiar shooting pain as well as for varicose eczema.

5. Vipera Berus – For Bursting Sensation in Legs

Vipera Berus is a well-indicated remedy for varicose veins with a marked ‘bursting’ feeling in the legs. A pain of unbearable nature that gets worse on hanging down the legs is present. Elevating the legs brings relief. Severe cramping pain in the legs is also present. Swollen, tender veins and blueness of overlying skin are highly indicative of using medicine Vipera Berus.

6. Millefolium Achillea – For Varicose Veins during Pregnancy

Millefolium Achillea is prepared from a plant named yarrow of the family Composite. Millefolium Achillea is an effective remedy for varicose veins arising during pregnancy. It works well in cases of both painful and painless varicose veins. A drawing pain is most prominently present in the legs. Millefolium Achillea is also suitable for varicose veins that break and bleed easily.

7. Lachesis Muta – For Varicose Ulcers

Lachesis Muta is an important medicine for treating varicose ulcers. People needing Lachesis Muta have ulcers with bluish-purplish surroundings. There is a thin, offensive discharge from the ulcers. Pus discharges may also be there in a few cases. Bleeding may arise from the ulcers, and an intense burning sensation may be present. There is extreme pain and high sensitivity to touch on the ulcer. Applying warmth to the ulcers helps relieve the pain. Itching that gets noticeably gets worse after sleeping is another characteristic feature.

8. Zincum Met – For Varicose Veins that are Very Large

Zincum Met is an effective medicine for large varicose veins on the legs. A tight, full, congested feeling in the legs is prominent. Tearing pain in the legs and formication (sensation like insects crawling over the skin) are also present in a few cases. The person requiring  Zincum Met also complains of uneasiness and heaviness in the legs with constant motion of the legs. Burning sensation and sweat on lower limbs are also common. Apart from varicose of legs, Zincum Met is also indicated for varicose veins in the genital organs.

9. Arsenic Album – For Varicose Veins that are Inflamed

Arsenic Album is a remedy for varicose veins that are inflamed. The symptoms indicating the use of Arsenic Album are swollen legs, burning sensation, and uneasiness in the legs. The uneasy feeling in the legs makes the person change the position of the legs frequently. A burning sensation in most cases is worse during the night. Warm applications over the legs may offer relief. Fever, extreme weakness, and stabbing pains on the legs are other symptoms. Arsenic Album is useful for varicose ulcers with a gray crust and inflamed borders.

10. Carbo Veg – For Spider Veins

Carbo Veg is a prominently indicated remedy for spider veins. The veins appear reddish bluish. The skin feels cold and sweaty, and the person may experience itching that gets worse during the evening. Varicose ulcers that bleed easily also indicate the need for Carbo Veg.

11. Arnica Montana – For Varicose Veins with Soreness

Arnica Montana is prepared from the plant ‘Leopard’s Bane’ which belongs to the natural order Composite. Arnica Montana is a valuable remedy for varicose veins accompanied by extreme soreness. Fear of touching the legs is present as a result of the soreness. Exertion worsens the complaint. An aching, bruised sensation in the legs is also there in few cases. Bruised feeling in the legs as if beaten may also accompany in some instances .may also be present. The skin of the legs may also be swollen, red and hot.

What are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins may not cause any symptoms in most of the cases and only appear as dark/purple-colored prominent veins in the leg. General symptoms include aching, tired or heavy feeling in the legs, throbbing and cramping in legs, and worsening of pain from sitting or standing for extended periods.
Color changes, swelling/inflammation, and ulcers on the legs may be indicative of severe changes like phlebitis (inflammation in a vein) and venous ulcers and should be addressed promptly.

Varicose Veins – How Do They Develop?

The veins in our legs contain one-way valves. These valves of the veins in the legs allow only one-way blood flow (from the legs to the heart) when the muscles squeeze the veins in the leg.
When the muscles contract, the valves open and blood from the legs pushes upwards to reach the heart. When these muscles relax, the valves close to prevent reverse flowing of blood back in legs. In case these valves don’t function properly, it results in a reverse flow of blood and stagnation of blood in the leg.
This causes the veins to become enlarged, twisted, engorged, and they are known as varicose veins.

Diagnosing Varicose Veins

A physician can usually diagnose the varicose veins by looking at them and asking questions. An ultrasound of the lower limbs is recommended to check and locate any damaged valves. It also helps rule out the presence of any blood clot. Other investigations include Color Duplex Ultrasound scan and Venograms (X-rays of the area taken after injecting a special dye).

Factors that Contribute to Varicose Veins

Obesity: Obese people often develop varicose veins without any knowledge, as the veins are not visible beneath the layers of the skin (due to accumulated fat). With time, the pressure from the leaking veins causes damage on the surface of the skin, and the problem becomes visible. This also puts many overweight people at a higher risk of developing leg ulceration.

Standing/Sitting for a Long Time: Sitting or standing for long durations causes leads to poor blood circulation in the legs. When we sit, it becomes harder for the veins to move the blood to the heart. Over time, this can cause swelling in the ankles, blood clots, and varicose veins. Sitting with the legs crossed or bent for long durations can make the problem worse.

Old Age: With age, the veins lose elasticity and cause them to stretch. This causes the valves in the veins to become weak. As a result, the blood that should be moving towards the heart starts flowing backward.

Pregnancy: During pregnancy, it is very common for a woman to develop varicose veins since the volume of blood in the body increases, but overall, the flow of blood from the legs to the pelvis decreases. Varicose veins often develop or become worse during the later stages of pregnancy since the uterus starts to exert increased pressure on the veins in the legs. This condition often improves post pregnancy within three to twelve months.

Age: The chances of developing varicose veins increase with age. Aging causes the wear and tear of the valves in the veins, allowing blood to flow back into the veins where it gets collected.

Gender: Females are more likely to develop varicose veins due to hormonal changes they experience throughout their lifetime. Pregnancy, pre-menstruation, menopause, hormone replacement therapy and the use of birth control pills all cause hormonal changes in a woman’s body. Female hormones are known to relax the walls of the veins.

Family History: A family history of varicose veins makes a person susceptible to developing the condition.

Complications Related to Varicose Veins

The complications of varicose veins include bleeding, venous ulcers, varicose eczema, superficial thrombophlebitis and DVT (deep vein thrombosis).

Bleeding: Veins that are close to the skin may rupture and bleed. The bleeding may occur spontaneously or be the result of a minor injury. Spontaneous rupture occurs with the weakening of walls of the veins. This happens when the veins stretch due to enlargement over time. In addition to this, the pressure inside the veins is already high due to the pooling of blood. The weak vein walls and high pressure inside the veins can lead to a spontaneous rupture of veins.

Venous Ulcers: A venous ulcer is a painful sore that develops on the leg near the ankles in case of varicose veins. Venous ulcers heal slowly. The pooling of blood in the veins builds up pressure. If not treated in time, the increase in pressure can cause the skin around the ankle to break and form an ulcer. The varicose ulcer usually develops on the skin of the inner side of the leg, immediately above the ankle. The base of such an ulcer is generally red and has uneven borders. The skin around the ulcer is discolored, dark, and hard.
Swelling of the leg, ankle, and heaviness in the leg, foul-smelling discharge from the ulcers, itching, burning, and pain of varying intensity may be present. A high fever may also be present in cases of infection.

Varicose Eczema: Varicose eczema (also known as stasis / gravitational eczema) is another complication of varicose veins. It affects the lower legs, where the skin gets dry, red, itchy, scaly, and flaky. The affected skin looks shiny and may be painful and tender. In some people, a brown discoloration of the skin may be present.

Superficial Thrombophlebitis: Superficial thrombophlebitis refers to an inflammation of the vein near the surface of the skin caused by a blood clot. The symptoms include intense swelling, redness, warmth, pain, and tenderness on the legs. Hardening of vein and darkening of the skin on the vein is a common characteristic. It is usually a short-term condition that resolves itself in about 2 – 3 weeks without any complications in a majority of cases. Rare complications if arise in minority of cases includes cellulitis and DVT.

DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis): Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) refers to the development of a blood clot within vein deep inside the body (usually in the leg). It causes swelling and warmth in the affected leg. Other features are a pain in the leg, redness/discoloration of skin on the leg. DVT may lead to severe complications like pulmonary embolism (when blood clots in vein break and travel via the bloodstream to lodge in the lungs). Common symptoms of pulmonary embolism include sudden shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, rapid pulse, and spitting of blood.

Spider Veins are Not Varicose Veins

Spider veins are dilated clusters of tiny (<1mm diameter) superficial blood vessels developing close to the surface of the skin. They are also called telangiectasias. Spider veins appear as thin, red, blue, purple lines or as weblike networks of blood vessels on the surface of the skin. These look like a spider’s web. They mostly appear on the face, legs, and feet. They don’t usually cause any problems and are mainly considered to be a cosmetic issue. These are generally common in older adults.

Managing Varicose Veins

There are certain diet and lifestyle measures one can follow to prevent and manage varicose veins:

Get the Blood Flowing with Exercise

Regular exercise offers a host of benefits. Exercise can help increase the blood flow throughout the body and also reduce inflammation. Staying in one position for too long makes it harder for the veins to pump blood back to the heart. Also, poor posture, like sitting with the legs crossed, increases the pressure on the veins.
Exercise also helps lose or maintain an ideal weight, balance the hormones and lower the blood pressure. All these factors are known to contribute to the development of varicose veins but can be effectively managed with exercise.

Certain exercises, like calf-raises, side lunges, and leg lifts help stretch and strengthen the veins around the legs. Other low-impact activities like bicycling, walking and swimming also help alleviate pressure from the veins in the legs.

Maintaining a Healthy Weight

People who are overweight are more likely to develop varicose veins, especially overweight women and older adults. Carrying excess body weight puts higher amounts of pressure on your veins and can contribute to inflammation or reflux, especially in the largest superficial veins, such as the saphenous vein in the legs.

Habits to Change

It is common for people to remain seated for long hours in today’s time. Sitting and standing for long hours should be avoided, and gentle stretches and exercises should be incorporated in everyday life to keep the circulation up.
Additionally, sitting or lying down with the legs elevated is an important preventive measure.
One should avoid wearing high heels for long durations.
There are various compression stockings available that are recommended for use. These stockings squeeze the leg muscles and help them move the blood efficiently.

Foods to Eat to Manage Varicose Veins

An Anti-Inflammatory Diet

Foods that help improve blood flow and reverse inflammation can be consumed to speed up the process of healing varicose veins. These foods also help prevent future episodes of varicose veins. Some anti-inflammatory foods that help reduce varicose veins include:

Foods with Antioxidants

Flavonoids, vitamin E, and vitamin C are important oxidants found in berries, green vegetables, and citrus fruits. These foods help fight inflammation, improve the health of the arteries and strengthen the veins. Vitamin E acts as a natural blood thinner and prevents blood clots, while vitamin C works on the health of the skin and serves as a potent anti-inflammatory.

Foods Rich in Magnesium

Some of the most common signs of electrolyte deficiencies like magnesium and potassium are issues with blood pressure, leg cramps and pooling of blood. Foods like sweet potatoes, avocados, cruciferous vegetables, bananas and leafy vegetables contain these essential electrolytes and should be added to the diet.

Foods High in Fiber

Fiber found in food helps improve the heart function as well as the functioning of the digestive system. Lack of fiber can cause constipation, which leads to increased pressure on the veins near the abdomen and legs.
High fiber foods like flaxseeds, fresh fruits, chia seeds, sprouted legumes, vegetables and ancient grains.

Foods that are Spicy

Spicy foods like curries and cayenne peppers heat up the body and increase blood circulation. They also help control the appetite and weight.

Diuretics to Reduce Water Retention 

Foods with diuretic properties help increase urination to reduce water retention in the body. Cucumber, fresh herbs like parsley and basil, asparagus, fennel, and celery are natural diuretics.

Foods to Avoid incase of Varicose Veins 

A poor diet leads to weight gain, low circulation, hormonal imbalances, blood pressure issues, and in some cases, arterial damage.
Some foods to avoid include sugar, alcohol, trans fats, caffeine and processed foods. Such foods also tend to contain large amounts of sodium, which (when taken in excess) dehydrates the body. These foods may also contain toxins that can make the swelling in the varicose veins much worse.

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Varicose Veins

image For Samuel Hahnemann (the founder of homeopathy) the single most driving reason to develop homeopathy was to have a system that was completely harmless and gentle. A system that would use the body’s own innate healing powers to restore health.

The homeopathic treatment of diseases like varicose veins, which otherwise would require surgery, stand testimony to what Hahnemann preached and established. A controlled study done in Germany on 62 patients (suffering from varicose veins) about a decade ago proved the high efficacy of this system in treating this problem.

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7 Homeopathic Remedies for Healing Varicose Ulcers

A varicose ulcer is a sore which develops on the leg due to poor circulation of blood in the lower limb. The ulcer is usually located on the inner side of the leg, just above the ankle. There are valves in the veins of the legs that allow one-way blood flow from legs to the heart. Venous ulcers (open sores) occur when the veins in the legs do not push blood back up to the heart as they should due to which the blood backs up in the veins, building up the pressure, weakening the overlying skin on the top. If not treated, increased pressure and excess fluid in the affected area can cause an open sore to form. This type of wound can be slow to heal. The top homeopathic remedies for varicose ulcer are Acidum Fluoricum, Calendula Officinalis, Carbo Veg, Lachesis Muta, Pulsatilla, Arnica, and Calc. Carb. 

Homeopathic Remedies for Varicose Ulcer

Conventional treatments for treating leg ulcers usually involve getting rid of the diseased tissue and any callused skin. This form of treatment relies on keeping the wound clean with regular dressings but does not accelerate healing time and is also troublesome. Antibiotics may also be used if the ulcer becomes infected, but they don’t help ulcers to heal. However, unless the underlying cause of the ulcer is addressed, there’s a high risk of a venous leg ulcer recurring after treatment so Homeopathy can be a great supportive therapy in such conditions by focusing on the symptoms of itching, burning, and pain in the ulcer along with strengthening the body’s immunity and self-healing capacity for gradual healing of the ulcer to prevent its reoccurrence.

1. Acidum Fluoricum

Acidum Fluoricum is a remedy used to treat a number of health conditions like those that have an impact on the fibrous tissues like the bones and veins. Such conditions may include pain in the varicose veins and other more severe ailments like bone tumors. In addition, this medicine is an effective remedy to prevent the decay of teeth.
Fluoric acid is made from the chemical condensation of calcium fluoride. In this case, the veins have a tendency to become distended. The ulcers may cause immense pain and the condition, as well as pain, is likely to worsen when the individual keeps standing for prolonged periods. The ulcers have red edges and there may be the formation of vesicles. Itching with a burning sensation, a swollen leg, and relief upon using cold compress are some of the symptoms indicating towards the remedy.

2. Calendula Officinalis

Calendula Officinalis is a medicine used to treat varicose ulcers with copious pus discharge. It is made from a cultivated perennial herb Marigold of the family Compositae. Inflammation, stinging sensation and pain in the ulcer which is deep, red with ragged edges, lead to this medicine. This medicine is also used as a preventive measure against gangrene formation. The remedy has anti-inflammatory properties corresponding to its main action in injuries and inflammations.

3. Carbo Vegetabilis

Carbo Veg is used to treat varicose ulcers that bleed easily, even on the slightest touch. This remedy is made from vegetable charcoal of the family Fagaceae. The ulcer has a mottled purple color appearance and the skin surrounding it feels tense. There is burning pain in the ulcer along with foul-smelling pus discharge. Carbo Veg, corresponding to its source, is well known for its ability to absorb the toxins in the body with a tendency towards burning sensations and pains in the body.

Other Important Remedies

4. Lachesis Muta

Lachesis Muta is a medicine used to treat varicose ulcers which are sensitive to touch. There may be a thin, offensive discharge from the ulcers. The surface of the ulcer is uneven and looks dirty, purplish. Bluish-blackish skin may surround the ulcer. There may be a burning sensation in the ulcers mostly at night. This medicine is indicated for varicose ulcers that arise as a result of an injury.

5. Pulsatilla Nigricans

Pulsatilla is used to treat varicose ulcers with itching. The ulcer looks red and is hard to touch. Symptoms like smarting, shooting pain, burning, stinging and excoriating sensation in the ulcer that gets better on exposure to open air, are the key symptoms indicating towards the remedy. In some cases, a greenish-yellowish discharge may also be seen.

6. Arnica Montana

Arnica relieves pain, bruising and swelling of the varicose ulcers associated with trauma or overexertion.

7. Calcarea Carb

Varicose ulcers that hurt while the person is standing or walking respond to the remedy Calc. Carb. People who need this remedy often have a poor blood circulation with an associated sensation of chilliness.

Causes of Ulcer Formation

The veins in our legs have one-way valves that keep blood flowing up toward your heart. When these valves become weak, blood can flow backward and gets accumulated in the legs. This is called Venous Insufficiency. The excess fluid causes the blood pressure to build up. The increase in pressure and buildup of fluid prevents nutrients and oxygen from getting to the tissues. The lack of nutrients causes the cells to die, damaging the tissue, and thus forming a wound (sore).

Risk Factors

Different risk factors predispose a person towards the formation of varicose ulcers. The factors include conditions like the presence of Varicose veins, history of blood clots in the legs (deep vein thrombosis), blockage of the lymph vessels, Older age, more common in females, or being tall, in conditions of Obesity, Pregnancy. Smoking is also a factor that can put a person to risk and so can sitting or standing for long hours. A family history of venous insufficiency is another risk factor seen. Fractures of long bones in the leg or other serious injuries, such as burns or muscle damage also increase the risk.
These risk factors are important and taken into consideration before the prescription of suitable remedies.

Signs and Symptoms

When blood pools in the veins of the lower limb, fluid and blood cells leak out into the skin and other tissues. This can cause itchy, thin skin and lead to skin changes called stasis dermatitis. This is an early sign of venous insufficiency. The sign of a varicose ulcer is an ulcer on the leg, near the ankle with shallow sore and a red base, sometimes covered by a yellow tissue with unevenly shaped borders. The surrounding skin may be shiny, tight, warm or hot, and discolored. Symptoms of leg pain, itching and burning can be troublesome. If the sore becomes infected, it may be offensive and pus may drain from the wound.

Other early signs include:
Leg swelling with heaviness and cramping.
Dark red, purple or brownish skin with hardening (this is a sign of blood pooling in the area)
Tingling sensation in the area.

Other Types of Leg Ulcers

Other common types of leg ulcers include:

Arterial leg ulcers- caused by the poor blood circulation in the arteries.
Diabetic leg ulcers -caused by high blood sugar associated with diabetes.
Vasculitic leg ulcers -associated with chronic inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis & lupus.
Traumatic leg ulcers -caused by any trauma to the leg.
Malignant leg ulcers -caused by a tumor of the skin of the leg.

Wound Care

The basic instructions to wound care for people at risk of developing an ulcer are as follows:

  1. Always keep the wound clean to prevent any infection.
  2. Keep the dressing and the skin around it dry. Try not to get the healthy tissue around the wound too wet as it can soften the healthy tissue, causing the wound to get bigger in size.
  3. Before applying a dressing, cleanse the wound thoroughly.
  4. Protect the skin around the wound by keeping it clean and moisturized.

To help treat a venous ulcer, blood flow to the legs needs to be improved for which we need to: –

  1. Wear compression stockings or bandages every day. They help prevent the blood from collecting, thus reducing swelling, pain and helping with healing.
  2. Lying down with the feet elevated up on pillows which improve the circulation.

Some warning signs of infection which need immediate assistance are:-

  1. Redness increased warmth or swelling around the wound.
  2. More drainage than before or drainage that is yellowish.
  3. Bleeding from the ulcer.
  4. Bad Odor from the wound.
  5. Fever or chills.
  6. Increased intensity of pain.

Lifestyle Management and Prevention

Lifestyle changes can help prevent venous ulcers. The following measures may help improve blood flow and aid healing:

  1. Quit smoking, as it is bad for the blood vessels.
  2. In diabetes, keeping the blood sugar level under control will help heal faster.
  3. Exercising much helps with the blood flow.
  4. Eating healthy foods and with a proper sleep routine.
  5. Lose weight in cases of obesity.
  6. Managing the blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

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Improving Blood Circulation with Homeopathy

The circulatory system of our body carries blood, oxygen and nutrients to each and every part of the body. But in case the circulation is poor, the blood doesn’t reach properly to tissues depriving them of oxygen and nutrients required for normal functioning resulting in certain symptoms. Homeopathy for blood circulation offers a supportive help in these cases to improve blood circulation and give symptomatic relief along with conventional treatment. 

Homeopathy for blood circulation

Poor circulation commonly occurs in limbs like legs and arms. 


Poor circulation is not a disorder but arises from some of the health issues. 

It can arise from various causes. First among them is atherosclerosis. It arises when plaque  builds up in the artery arteries causing its hardness and narrowing of lumen. It leads to a decrease in blood flow. It can affect arteries of the heart, brain, legs and arms. Atherosclerosis can lead to peripheral artery disease (a circulatory problem in which blood flow to the limbs is decreased due to narrowing of the arteries).

Second reason is a clot in a blood vessel that can restrict blood flow to the organs. The clot may cause partial or complete blockage of blood flow. Blood clots can form in any of the body areas. If a blood clot forms in arms or legs then then it carries a chance to travel to vital organs like heart (causing heart attack), lungs and can also lead to stroke (death of brain cells from decreased or interrupted blood supply to a part of brain depriving it from getting oxygen and nutrients)

Third cause is diabetes mellitus. High blood sugar levels for a long time can lead to damage of blood vessels and plaque can build up in these vessels. 

Next reason is varicose veins (twisted, enlarged and engorged veins). This happens from weakening or damage of the valves of veins. It results in backward blood flow and blood pooling in the vein resulting in stretching and twisting of the veins. Any vein in the body may be affected with it but usually they occur on the back of the legs. 

Another cause is being overweight (it compresses blood supply through the whole body. Persons who are obese are at more risk of poor circulation if they remain in standing or sitting position for a prolonged period. It puts them at risk of varicose veins, high blood pressure). Lastly it can arise from raynaud’s disease In this disease there occurs narrowing of the small arteries in the hands and toes. Its symptoms usually occur when the sufferer is in a cold temperature or under excessive stress. 


Its main symptoms are numbness, tingling or pin needle sensation in the hands and feet. Next is coldness in the hands and feet. 

Another symptom is pain of throbbing or stinging nature in the limbs. Other than this there may occur cramps in the limbs (hands, feet, arms, legs). Skin colour changes may also occur. Due to low amount of arterial blood to body tissues the skin may look pale or blue, or purple

Next swelling and ulcers can occur in the lower limbs. Fatigue is also seen sometimes. Other than this symptoms depend on which part of the body has sluggish blood circulation. For example poor circulation to the brain can impact its functioning resulting in dizziness, memory loss, concentration issues, headache and fatigue. If circulation to heart is poor it may result in chest pain, breathing difficulty, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat. When circulation to Kidneys is reduced it may result in edema of hand, feet. Women may have irregular menstrual cycles and fertility issues if the blood supply to the female reproductive system is reduced. Men may face complaints of erectile dysfunction (inability to get or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse) in case of poor blood flow to the genitals. 

Homeopathy for Blood Circulation 

Homeopathic medicines are effective to relieve symptoms like numbness, tingling, coldness in limbs, cramps in  limbs, fatigue, concentration issues and manage varicose veins cases. The medicines for managing these cases are selected as per the symptoms of the patient in every individual case. Poor blood circulation can have serious complications related to vital organs like heart, lungs, brain. So it is advisable to take these medicines only when no serious complication is present. One should always take any homeopathic medicine for this condition under guidance of a homeopathic doctor. In critical cases it is strictly advised to take immediate help from conventional  mode of treatment.

  1. Carbo Veg 

It is one of the best homeopathic medicines having marked action on venous circulation. It is indicated when a person feels weak, exhausted. With this coldness in legs down the knees may be present. Numbness in the feet is yet another attending symptom. It is also a prominent medicine for managing cases where varicose veins or varicose ulcers are present. 

  1. Agaricus 

This medicine works well to manage complaints of icy coldness in the legs. It is attended with numbness where it is required. Next it is useful for paleness and numbness of the fingers with sensitivity to cold. It also helps in cases having cramps in the hands and feet. Agaricus is also one of the leading medicines for cases of Raynaud’s disease. 

  1. Calcarea Carb

Calcarea Carb is well indicated for sluggish blood circulation when there is marked coldness in the limbs. For using it the hands and feet feel cold, clammy.  Other than this it offers help for managing cramps in calves of the legs. Lastly it is indicated when there numbness of the feet mainly at night in bed.

  1. Pulsatilla 

It is a natural medicine prepared from plant Pulsatilla Nigricans commonly known as wind flower. It belongs to family ranunculaceae. It is a top grade medicine to help cases where varicose veins are present in the legs. These may bleed too. There is pain in the legs with restlessness. The pain worsens from letting limbs hang down. Legs also feel heavy and weak. 

  1. Crataegus 

It is prepared from plant Crataegus Oxyacantha commonly known as hawthorn berries. It is a leading homeopathic medicine indicated for dissolving crustaceous and calcareous deposits in the arteries. Its use is recommended in tincture form. 

  1. Gelsemium 

It is again a natural medicine prepared from the bark of root of plant Gelsemium Sempervirens having the common name yellow jasmine. It belongs to the family loganiaceae. Its first indication for use is numbness in the limbs. It is also indicated for managing weakness in these cases. Dizziness can also be managed with this medicine. Concentration difficulties are another characteristic feature for using it.  Its last indication is cramping in the muscles of the forearm. 

  1. Arsenic Album 

It is yet another beneficial medicine indicated for weak blood circulation. It offers help to manage tingling sensation in the fingers. Persons having numbness and weakness in the feet can also be helped with this medicine. They may also have cramps in the calf muscles of the legs. Arsenic Album is one of the top listed medicine for managing fatigue, weakness, exhaustion. Persons needing it feel exhausted from little exertion. A general anxiety and restlessness can attend to the above symptoms when it is required. 

  1. Silicea

Use of this medicine is most indicated for managing icy coldness of the feet. Coldness is worse mainly at night time in cases needing it. It may be accompanied with excessive sweating on the feet. The sweat smells bad. The legs may also feel cold. Persons needing it may also have numbness in the feet especially in the evening. Tingling in the soles of feet is another symptom that they may complain. Sometimes they also have cramps in the calves and soles. Lastly they may have a pricking sensation in both the arms.

  1. Rhus Tox

It is another valuable medicine indicated for cases of sluggish blood circulation. This medicine is prepared from fresh leaves of plant Rhus Toxicodendron. It belongs to family anacardiaceae. It offers best help in cases having tingling sensation in the feet. Next it is effective to manage cramping in the legs and feet. 

  1. Lachesis

This medicine is prominently indicated for managing varicose veins and varicose ulcers. In case of ulcers burning sensation can be there. These may also be sensitive to touch. Secondly it is used in cases of tingling in the toes. Numbness in the finger tips is yet another symptom where this medicine offers help. 

  1. Ferrum Met

This medicine is useful in cases presenting with coldness and numbness in the hands and feet. The coldness may be almost continuous. It is also significant to manage cramps in the legs, feet and toes. Apart from these varicose veins on the feet indicates its use. Another symptom for using it is easy fatigue from walking. 

  1. Sepia

This medicine offers help to manage icy cold feelings in the lower limbs. People who need it usually feel coldness in legs and feet mostly in the evening in bed. They may also have heaviness and bruised feeling in their limbs.  

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12 Natural Homeopathic Medicines to Treat Calf Pain 

Calf pain refers to pain in the back side of the lower leg. Two largest muscles in the back of the leg (gastrocnemius and soleus muscles) are together known as calf muscle. This calf muscle is attached to the heel by achilles tendon (tendon is a strong cord of fibrous connective tissue that connects a muscle to a bone.) Homeopathic treatment for calf pain helps in cases of muscle strain, cramps, achilles tendinitis, trauma, sciatica, varicose veins and more. Homeopathic treatment for calf pain


There are various reasons behind calf pain ranging from  mild (like over use , stress, strain of calf muscle) to critical conditions (like deep vein thrombosis – DVT) that require urgent medical attention. It can arise from conditions affecting calf muscles and from some of the conditions affecting the blood vessels, nerves and other structures around the calf muscle

Calf muscle conditions – over use, over stress and strain of calf muscle, calf muscle cramp, calf muscle injury, calf muscle pull, and calf muscle  tear  or rupture can cause calf pain. Muscle cramp means sudden, involuntary, painful contraction of muscle. They can follow overuse of calf muscle, doing excessive exercise or starting some new exercise apart from normal routine ones. Sometimes they can arise from dehydration or some serious medical conditions like kidney failure, diabetes and underactive thyroid also. Muscle  strains can follow overuse of muscle, fatigue and suddenly increasing exercise that involves legs like running.

It can also arise in sciatica (refers to pain beginning in the lower back that travels down the back side of the leg). It happens when the sciatic nerve that controls lower leg muscles gets pinched along its pathway.

Achilles tendinitis is the inflammation of the achilles tendon  that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. It follows when the achilles tendon is overused or over stressed. It results in pain in the back of the leg along with swelling and sometimes tightness of calf muscle.

The pain can also appear in diabetic neuropathy (a complication of diabetes in which nerve damage of the feet, legs, arms and hands occur.

Next, it can also arise from arterial claudication when there is narrowing or some blockage in the arteries which supply blood  to the legs. Or it can result from trauma, a fall, or blow to the calf region.

Varicose veins are the enlarged, twisted engorged veins that mostly develop in legs due to improper functioning of valves in the legs leading to back flow of blood. These can cause pain, aching throbbing, and cramping in the back of legs.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that arises if a blood clot forms in the deep vein in the arm or leg. It is a serious condition requiring immediate medical help from conventional mode of treatment. 

Bakers cyst or popliteal cyst (fluid filled lump developing behind the knee). It can burst and release fluid in calf muscle in its upper part and cause pain.

Compartment syndrome is a serious condition that follows a trauma or severe injury in calf area


This pain is felt in the back of the lower leg. It can be of mild intensity or very severe preventing walking. The nature of pain is variable and it can be dull, tearing, cramping or sharp pain. It can be felt while walking, running and jumping. Tightness in the back of the lower leg can also be felt along with pain. Sometimes other symptoms can attend to the above symptoms that indicate some serious condition. Such severe signs and symptoms to take note of are swelling, tingling, numbness, pin – needle sensation or weakness, tenderness, redness, warmth in the back of the leg.

Homeopathic Treatment for Calf Pain 

Homeopathic medicines are very effective to treat calf pain. These medicines bring relief in the pain by treating the root cause behind it. The homeopathic medicines for calf pain are selected taking into consideration both the symptoms in each and every case along with the reason. It is to be noted that homeopathic medicines are very safe and suitable for calf pain from many causes but they have their own limitations. For example if calf muscle is arising from a critical reason like deep vein thrombosis or rupture of achilles tendon then one should consider urgent help from conventional mode of treatment due to limitation of homeopathy in such cases. 

  1. Rhus Tox – Top Grade Medicine for Calf Pain

Rhus Tox leads the chart of homeopathic medicines for treating cases of calf pain. It is among the best medicines to treat muscle pain that follows over use, putting over strain or over stress on the muscles. It is also well indicated to manage pain from muscle cramps. People who need it have pain in the back of the lower leg. They have worsening of this pain from rest and it is better by walking for a few minutes. Along with pain they feel heaviness in the leg. They also complain of cramps in calf muscles and tensed feeling in the calves. These cramps mostly occur in them after midnight. This medicine is also indicated for calf pain in cases of achilles tendinitis. 

  1. Arnica – When Pain Follows some Injury, Trauma/Blow 

This medicine is prepared from plant Arnica Montana having the common name Leopard’s – bane or fallkraut. This plant belongs to family compositae. It is a very effective medicine to treat cases where calf pain follows some injury, trauma or direct blow to the calf of the leg. Persons requiring it feel pain in the back of leg. Soreness is also there with pain. Sometimes they also complain of tingling in the legs.

  1. Magnesia Phos – For Cramps in Calf Muscles

This is a very beneficial medicine for treating cramps in calf muscles. It is very suitable when muscle cramps follow prolonged exertion. Cramps in muscles at night time are also treated well with this medicine. 

  1. Bryonia – For Calf Pain and Tightness

This medicine is prepared from the root of the plant Bryonia Alba having common name wild hops. The family of this plant is cucurbitaceae. This medicine works well in cases where pain in the calf is attended with tightness in the calf. For using it the pain can be bruised or, pinching, drawing tearing in nature. The pain gets worse from motion. It also worsens from touch. Along with pain, redness and swelling over the back of the leg may be present.

  1. Colocynth – For Calf Pain in Sciatica Cases

Colocynth is prepared from the pulp of the fruit of a plant named Citrullus Colocynthis and also Bitter Apple. This plant belongs to the family cucurbitaceae. It is very useful for calf pain in sciatica cases. People needing it mainly have tearing and cramping pain in calves. It mostly helps left sided cases.

  1. Ruta – For Pain from Inflamed Achilles Tendon (Achilles Tendinitis)

This medicine is prepared from fresh plant Ruta graveolens having the common name garden rue. This plant belongs to family rutaceae. It is a very beneficial medicine for tendinitis cases where inflammation of tendon arises from overuse or over straining of tendons. It helps to manage calf pain by reducing the inflammation of the achilles tendon.  

  1. Calcarea Carb – For Calf Pain while Walking

Calcarea Carb is a wonderful medicine for cases where calf pain is present while walking. Sometimes this pain is also felt on touching the calf. In some cases needing it hard lumps or knots are felt in the calves. Along with pain swelling in the calf especially on the left side may be present. Another indication to use it is cramps in calves of the leg mainly on extending the leg.

  1. Pulsatilla – For Pain in Calves along with Swelling

This medicine is prepared from plant Pulsatilla Nigricans commonly known as wind flower and pasque flower. This plant belongs to family ranunculaceae. It is useful when the calves are painful accompanied with swelling. Redness and heat in calves is also present with above symptoms. For using it the calf pain can be aching, drawing or tensive in nature. The pain worsens from heat and gets better by cold application where it is required. It is also a highly recommended medicine for managing leg pain in case of varicose veins. The veins in legs are swollen and blue in these cases.

  1. Calcarea Phos – For Shooting Pain in Calves

This medicine is well indicated for cases having shooting type of pain in calves. This can be attended with a warm feeling in the back of the leg. Sometimes weakness and tiredness and tingling sensation in the leg may accompany the above symptoms. Other than above cramps in the calf  muscles while walking is also treated well with this medicine.

  1. Anacardium Orientale – For Cramps in Calves While Walking

Anacardium Orientale is prepared from a layer of nuts between the shell and kernel of a plant known as marking nut. This plant belongs to family anacardiaceae. This medicine is prominently indicated in persons complaining of cramps in calf muscles while walking. They feel better by lying down. They may also have these cramps when rising from the seat. Other than cramps it is indicated for tensive pain in the calves felt during the day and also at night in bed attended with sleeplessness. A burning sensation in the legs may accompany the above symptoms.

  1. Zincum Met – For Drawing, Tearing Pain in Calves

This medicine is valuable to treat cases where drawing, tearing pain in the calves is felt. Along with this the calf muscle also feels tight and stiff especially while walking. It is also a significant medicine to treat cramp like pain in the calf usually at night. In addition to pain weakness can be felt in the calves. This is most felt on rising from the seat. Another symptom indicating to use Zincum is crawling and formication in calves especially during rest.

  1. Valeriana – For Pain that is Better by Rubbing

This medicine is prepared from the fresh root of the plant Valeriana Officinalis. This plant belongs to the family valerianaceae. The chief indication to use this medicine is pain in calf muscle relieved by rubbing the affected part. The pain can  be cramping or tearing in nature when it is required. It may be worse when sitting. Another indication is cramp in calf muscle toward evening time.

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Carbo Veg – Homeopathic Medicine: Its Uses, Indications and Dosage

Homeopathic medicine Carbo Veg is prepared from vegetable charcoal. Charcoal is a form of carbon and it is known for its medicinal properties since ages. Its use to treat digestive problems mainly gas and acidity, and skin ulcers is considered since ancient times. Its also known for its antiseptic effect. To prepare homeopathic medicine Carbo Veg, trituration of vegetable charcoal is done. Trituration is a process by which homeopathic medicines are prepared.  Carbo Veg is very helpful to treat gastric complaints, asthma, varicose veins, and weakness. Carbo Veg

The ‘Carbo Veg’ Constitution

It is especially suited to people having weak gastric system hence suffers easily from many gastric issues such as gas, acidity, heartburn, loose stool etc. Next it is suitable to thin people who suffer from weakness and lack of strength.

Drug Action

Carbo Veg acts on the gastro-intestinal system and helps to manage complaints including excessive gas, burping, loose stool, bloating in abdomen and colic. Next, it has great power to treat condition arising from poor venous circulation like haemorrhoids and varicose veins. Its action is also marked on blood vessels where it helps to control bleeding.

Role as a Homeopathic Medicine

1. Nose Complaints

This medicine is very beneficial to treat nasal complaints including cold and nasal bleeding. In cases of cold it is used when there is watery discharge from nose with much sneezing. Along with this irritation, crawling sensation and tingling in the nose is felt. Sometimes nose also feels stopped up.

In cases of nose bleeding it is given when a person gets frequent episodes of copious bleeding from nose. They get bleeding almost everyday. Mostly they have nasal bleeding at night. The blood here is thin and blackish. Their face turns pale after the bleeding from blood loss.

2. Mouth (Oral Cavity) Complaints

One can also consider use of this medicine in complaints of the mouth. Among them it is first indicated to treat bleeding from gums. Person needing it suffers from gums infection along with bleeding. They mainly have bleeding form gums on cleaning teeth. Gums may also be painful in them. Apart from above one can use this medicine to treat bad breath from mouth (halitosis)

3. Hair fall

It is an excellent medicine to check complaint of hair fall. It is mainly given in persons who gets hair fall after some severe illness. They have intense hair fall with hair falling out in handfuls. Its use is also recommended to treat hair loss in females after childbirth. Persons needing it may have itchy scalp along with hair fall. They may also have sensitivity of scalp to pressure.

4. Laryngitis (Inflammation of Larynx)

It is a well-indicated medicine to treat laryngitis. Persons who need it mainly complain of hoarseness of voice. This is most felt in early morning or evening time. They also are unable to speak a loud word. Additionally they feel pain, tickling roughness and irritation in the larynx.

5. Gastrointestinal (GIT) Complaints

When it comes to gastrointestinal tract, this remedy remains one of the most effective remedies to treat many of the gastric issues. Firstly it is very beneficial for people who complain of excessive gas (flatulence) in stomach. They usually complain that even eating simplest kind of food causes gastric trouble in them. Along with gas the abdomen feels tense and bloated with sensation as if it would burst. They mostly find relief by burping. Some needing it may also suffer from burning in the stomach. It also helps to ease pain in stomach due to obstruction of gas.

Secondly, it effectively manages complaint of heartburn, Heartburn refers to the burning sensation in chest behind the sternum (i.e. breast bone) due to the back flow of stomach acid into the food pipe. The back flow of stomach acid in the food pipe is known as acid reflux or GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disease), where Carbo Veg shows remarkable results.

Next comes the complaint of belchings (burping) where Carbo Veg offers great help. Here it is suited when the belchings are almost constant. They may be bitter or sour sometimes have offensive smell. Sometimes nausea and vomiting attends to it.

Apart from above mentioned problems it can also help treat diarrhoea (loose motion). 

Persons who need it in diarrhoea complain of watery stool sometimes with yellow mucus or blood. It also has highly offensive smell, and excessive flatus also passes with the stool. They also complain of burning in rectum after stool. Additionally they feel weak from loose stool. It is also recommended to treat cholera (an illness caused by a bacteria, Vibrio cholerae causing diarrhea, vomiting and leg cramps). It is indicated in cholera when the person having cholera is having excessive loose stool with dehydration and almost a stage of collapse. In such conditions it is a renowned medicine to bring recovery.

Other than this it is a valuable medicine to treat piles (swollen and inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum). Here it is considered for treating protruding bluish piles. In such cases it also aids relief in burning, itching and stitching pain at anus.

6. Respiratory complaints

It is beneficial to treat respiratory complaints including cough, asthma and bronchitis.

If we talk about cough then it is used when cough is spasmodic i.e. which ends in vomiting. The person who require this usually have worsening of cough from eating or from talking. They may also feel increase in cough in open air. Along with cough rattling of mucus and burning in the chest is felt by them.  Apart from above one may also benefit from this medicine in case of cough that arise from reflux of stomach acid.

Next, its use is also considered in treatment of bronchitis and asthma in elderly people. Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchial tubes (the passage through which the air is carried to the lungs from trachea). Cough with thick, yellow, sticky phlegm are the symptoms indicating it use in bronchitis cases. Asthma is a condition in which the airways become narrow with swelling and extra production of mucus. It leads to cough, wheezing and difficulty in breathing. Carbo Veg works well to manage all these asthma symptoms in elderly people. It also take care of the asthma attacks that occurs during sleep.

7. Skin

If we talk about skin complaints, it is a very good medicine to treat chilblains ( painful, itchy skin condition mainly on toes and fingers, arising as a reaction to cold temperature).

Next, it can be given for ulcers on skin. Here offensive discharge and frequent bleeding from ulcers along with burning pains is characteristic to use it.

One can also find this medicine useful in purpura (purple-colored spots on the skin that arise from bursting of small blood vessels under skin)

Lastly, bedsores and gangrene of toes (death of body tissue from lack of blood supply and infection) are treated well with this medicine

8. Varicose Veins and Ulcers

It is a well-known medicine to improve the venous blood circulation and help treating varicose veins and varicose ulcers. Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted or engorged veins that arise from improper functioning of valves in the veins of the legs. While  varicose ulcers are the sores that develop on the leg most times on the inner side of leg just above the ankle from poor blood circulation. In varicose ulcers it is indicated when there is offensive pus discharge with bleeding from it.

9. To Control Bleeding

It is a very helpful anti-hemorrhagic medicine, i.e, that helps to control bleeding. The use of Carbo veg is recommended by the practitioner to control excessive bleeding from nose, from gums, from skin ulcers, during menstrual cycle in women and following surgical operations. Blood is usually dark where it is indicated. Along with helping with blood control, it also aids in recovering from weakness that appears from blood loss.

10. For Weakness

It is a top listed medicine to treat cases of weakness and lack of strength. Weakness from blood loss is also treated well with this medicine. Its use is also recommended for fainting spells and in case of collapse with cold body, cold breath and quickened respiration.


Carbo Veg can be used from potency 30 C to higher potencies including 200 C, 1M and 10 M. It can be taken two to three times a day in 30 potency. Use of high potencies should only be done under a physician’s advice.

Relationship to Other Remedies

Complementary medicines are kali Carb and Phosphorus. These medicines can be used to complete its action when it is no longer acting.

Inimical medicines are Carbo Animalis and Kreosote, and should not be used after Carbo Veg. 

Antidotes are Camphor, Coffea and Arsenic Album. These antidotes medicine can be used to neutralise the action of Carbo Veg.

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Lachesis – Homeopathic Medicine: Its Uses, Indications and Dosage

Homeopathic medicine Lachesis was introduced in homeopathy by Dr. Hering. It is a leading medicine to treat schizophrenia, depression, sore throat, menopausal complaints, ovarian pain and haemorrhages (i.e bleeding).   Lachesis Homeopathic Medicine

The ‘Lachesis’ Constitution

It is suited to weak, thin people who have a melancholic (sadness) disposition. It is suitable for women during the menopause period. Other than this, it is suited to alcoholics.

Drug Action

This remedy has a prominent action on the mind where it acts oat a deep psychological level to manage the complaint of depression and schizophrenia. It also works on blood vessels where it helps control bleeding. Next, it helps to improve blood circulation and offers help in treating varicose veins and varicose ulcers.

Role as a Homeopathic Medicine

1. Mental Complaints 

Among the various issues of the mind, this is a top listed medicine to treat schizophrenia (mental health illness that affects how a person thinks, feels and interpret reality). It mainly result in hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that don’t exist), delusions (false beliefs that are not based in reality), and disordered thinking. It is mainly indicated for persons having delusions of being poisoned or being followed by enemies who are trying to harm him. Another delusion they may have is being under the control of superhuman power. Along with delusions they may be excessively talkative, constantly jumping from one subject to another.

Next, it is a beneficial medicine to treat cases of depression. Persons who need it remain sad, unhappy, anxious. They feel forsaken. They become weary of life and doesn’t wish to do any work. They doesn’t wish to talk and want to remain alone. They loathe life and long for death.

2. Left-sided Headaches

This is a prominently indicated medicine for treating left sided headache. Persons who need it mainly have throbbing, tearing or drawing pain in left side of the head. They feel congestion and heat in head along with pain. Sometimes they also get nausea and vomiting during headache. Other people needing it may have dimness of vision or flickering before the eyes. People requiring it experience worsening of pain at night. They may also get headache from heat of sun. Apart from above its use is highly recommended in females who suffer from headache at or after menopause.

3. Inflamed throat and Tonsillitis

This medicine works effectively to reduce inflammation of the throat and tonsils. People needing it have pain in throat and tonsils. Most times the pain from throat extends to ears in them. They feel increase in pain from swallowing liquids. Pressure and touch on throat also worsens the pain. Other symptoms include dryness, constriction and a burning sensation in the throat. Sometimes a lump in throat is also experienced. In some cases stinging sensation is felt in the throat. If we look at the throat it is red, swollen with dark red/purplish colour of tonsils. In many cases ulcers may be seen on throat. Apart from the above, Lachesis is also indicated to treat quinsy (pus collection behind the tonsils).

4. Rectal Complaints

This is a prominent remedy to treat constipation and piles.

It helps to improve the sluggish bowel movements and gives relief in constipation. It is helpful when the stool is hard and passed with difficulty. The stool is scanty and insufficient. It also has an offensive odour. The persons needing it have ineffectual urge to evacuate stool. Along with it they feel pressure in bowels with gas. They also feels as if the anus is constricted.

Next, it is a very useful medicine to treat the complaint of piles. Protruding piles with stitching pain is a key feature to use it. Here piles protrude after each stool. After passing stool soreness and burning is felt at the anus. In addition to above throbbing, shooting pain and itching at the anus are also experienced by the person. It is also very beneficial for women having piles during their menopausal period.

5. Female Complaints

This is a highly suitable medicine to treat many female complaints.

First, its use is highly suggested to relieve troubles during menopause. Here the complaints like hot flashes, palpitations, headaches, heat in the head, inter menstrual bleeding (metrorrhagia) and fainting spells during menopause period are well managed with this medicine. Apart from this females suffering from depression during menopause are also benefited with this medicine.

Second, it is indicated in females having pain in the ovaries. Mostly they complain of pain in left side of the ovary. Nature of pain as narrated by them may be sharp, shooting, stitching, drawing or burning type. Pressure tend to worsen this pain. They also feel that the pain increase from exertion and walking. Menses may also be profuse and prolonged in them. It works good in ovarian pain from various reasons like ovarian cyst (fluid filled sac forming within the ovaries), ovarian tumour, ovarian inflammation (ovaritis).

Next, it is given to females to manage painful periods. Females requiring it have pain during periods especially during first day. They have labour like pains in pelvis. Ovarian pain on left side is also experienced.

Other than this, it is given for improving menstrual flow. Females who have scanty periods of short duration are greatly helped by this medicine. The menstrual flow is dark in colour and may have offensive odour.

6. Complaints of the Lower Limbs

If we talk about lower limbs, then firstly it is well-indicated to treat sciatica (pain that radiates from lower back through the hips down the leg along the path of the sciatic nerve). It is considered when the pain is violent, intolerable and shooting type. Person feels the pain worsen after sleeping. The pains come suddenly and disappear gradually.
Secondly, it is helpful to treat varicose veins on legs  (enlarged, twisted or engorged veins due to improper functioning of valves in the veins of the legs)

Lastly, it is recommended to manage cases of varicose ulcers (sore developing on the leg mostly on the inner side of leg just above the ankle due to poor blood circulation).

 7. To Control Bleeding

This is a great anti-hemorrhagic (that helps to stop bleeding) medicine. It is indicated to control bleeding from nose, blood in urine, blood in stool, blood in vomiting. Here dark, blackish bleeding is the characteristic feature to use Lachesis.

8. Skin Complaints

For matters of the skin, this medicine gives excellent results in case of carbuncles and boils (skin infections with pus filled lumps on skin). In these conditions bluish purple surroundings to the lumps is key feature to use it.

Next, it is useful to treat purpura that refers to purple coloured blood spots under skin that arise from bursting of small blood vessels.

Apart from the above, it is recommended in case of bed sores when they have black edges. 


Lachesis is recommended from 30 to 200 potency. It is a strong medicine so its frequent repetition should be avoided. 

Always use this medicine under a physicians recommendation.

Relationship to Other Remedies

Complementary medicines are Lycopodium and Hepar Sulph. These medicines can be used after Lachesis to complete its action when it is no longer acting.

Inimical medicines are Acetic Acid, Nitric Acid and Carbolic Acid. 

Antidote medicines are Arseniuc Album, Nux Vomica and Opium, which neutralise the effect of Lachesis.

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Homeopathic Medicine Calcarea Carbonica – Uses and Indications

Calcarea Carbonica is one of the major constitutional and polychrest medicines in homeopathy. It is prepared by the process of trituration of the middle layer of Oyster-Shells. By trituration, the oyster shell is converted into an excellent medicine possessing great therapeutic power. Calcarea Carb ranks among the top antipsoric medicines along with Sulphur and Lycopodium. It is one among many calcium salts that are used in homeopathy and works particularly well for ailments like joint pains, backache, and fractured bones that are slow to heal.    Calcarea Carb

The ‘Calcarea Carb’ Constitution

This remedy suits people who have a leucophlegmatic constitution (presence of excessive water in the body). People suited to this remedy are fair, fatty, flabby and tend to sweat profusely on the head. They also tend to feel very chilly, catch a cold easily and have increased mucosal secretions. Children who have a large head, large features, pale skin, a chalky look, and who are fat with a large abdomen come under this constitutional type. They also have a tendency of copious sweating on the head and crave eggs and indigestible things.

Drug Action

This remedy has a very wide and deep sphere of action. The chief action is centered on the glands, skin, bones, pituitary and thyroid dysfunction, nasal complaints and female genitals. As a remedy, it is used in the treatment of fears and anxieties, OCD, chronic cold, tendency to catch cold, nasal polyps, loss of smell, epistaxis, nasal blockage, uterine fibroids, menorrhagia, sterility in females, painful periods (dysmenorrhea), vaginal discharges, itching in genitals in women, chronic sore throat with tonsillitis and enlarged adenoids, hypothyroidism, goiter, obesity, lipoma, hair fall, rickets, knee joint pain (osteoarthritis), spine curvature, dentition complaints (vomiting, diarrhea, irritability, slow teething), developmental delays, hydrocephalus, night terrors, open fontanelles, dyspepsia, constipation, diarrhea during dentition, vomiting, worms, milk allergy /milk intolerance, gall stones, umbilical hernia, tinea capitis, eczema capitis, warts, Barber’s Itch, profuse sweating, varicose veins.

Scope of Calcarea Carb as a Homeopathic Remedy

1. Complaints of the Mind

Calcarea Carb is very beneficial to treat cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with a marked fear of contracting germs and contagious diseases. It offers help in cases where there are great anxieties about the present, future and about health. The anxiety is attended with restlessness and palpitations, more so during the evening time. This remedy is also used to treat fears, where a person is plagued by thoughts of misfortune or terrible thing happening, fear of losing reason, fear that he/she is suffering from organic disease of the heart. Fear of death, monsters and of being alone may also be present. It is also useful in cases of mental dullness and weakness (particularly while studying). There is a great confusion of mind, difficult comprehension and difficult thinking. Sleeplessness from the rush of thoughts in the mind also indicates the use of this remedy. Apart from the above, this medicine is also indicated in obstinate, self-willed and irritable children. They are irritable without any cause and tend to be fretful, restless, stubborn and gets easily offended. They also cry easily at the smallest trifles.

2. Nasal complaints

This medicine is of great service in treating chronic colds. People who need this remedy tend to catch a cold easily with every change of the weather. The nasal mucous membrane is swollen and the nose is plugged with yellow, thick, offensive discharge. In some cases, blood may be mixed in the discharge. There may also be profuse discharge (clear like water), along with prickling and itching in the nose is present. The nose may also be markedly dry, with the dryness getting worse at night. It is also indicated for stoppage of the nose during the night, and the person is unable to breathe through the nose. It is also a top-listed medicine to treat nasal polyps and frequent episodes of nose bleeding which is profuse. This may also be attended with fainting. Use of this remedy is also considered in cases of loss of smell (anosmia).

3. Female Disorders

This remedy is highly recommended to treat a number of ailments in females. Perhaps the most prominent use is in the treatment of uterine fibroids, where the uterus feels low down with a bearing down sensation in the pelvis. Weight and pressure in the uterus are marked. The menses are also very profuse and bright red in color.
This remedy can also help rectify the complaint of menorrhagia where a female complains of early, very profuse and long-standing menses. In the case of vaginal discharges, this medicine is used when the discharges are white and milky. They are attended with itching and burning in the vagina. They tend to be worse before or after menses. Excessive debility appears with the vaginal discharges.
This medicine also helps treat pain during periods (dysmenorrhea). The pain is felt in abdomen and back, it resembles labor-like pains. Pain in hip bones is present, anxiety and restlessness, followed by fainting may arise in a few cases. It is also indicated for treating sterility in females. In such cases, females mostly complain of too early and too profuse menses. It also happens to be a wonderful medicine to treat itching of female genitalia. The itching is violent and attended with soreness of vulva. Burning and stitching in the genitals are also felt. This itching tends to get worse towards the evening or after going to bed. Apart from these symptoms, it is also indicated for uterine or vaginal polyps. Hair fall in females after childbirth is also a guiding feature to use this remedy.

4. For Sore Throat, Tonsillitis and Enlarged Adenoids

This remedy is highly effective for treating a chronic sore throat where there is a swelling of the palate, uvula, and tonsils. A stinging and pricking sensation is felt at the back part of the palate. Pain in the throat that extends to the ears is also present. The throat feels contracted and painful when swallowing. A lump-like sensation in the throat may be marked. Tickling, roughness, and scratchiness in the throat are present. In the case of tonsillitis, aphthae (ulcer) on tonsils may be present. This medicine is frequently used to treat a tendency of chronic tonsillitis when the tonsils get inflamed frequently from exposure to cold.
The next indication to use this medicine is enlarged adenoids in children who have low immunity and catch a cold with every change of the weather.

5. Thyroid and Goiter Issues

This is a top-most medicine to treat hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and goiter. Complaints linked with hypothyroidism including weight gain/obesity (abdominal enlargement is most prominent), hair fall, chilliness, constipation, slowness, sluggishness, debility, profuse menses indicates the use of this medicine.

6. Bone and Joint Complaints

This remedy is very suitable to treat diseases of the bone and joints. It is a leading medicine to treat conditions like rickets, bone decay, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, weak ankles, knee joint pain (osteoarthritis) and spine curvature. In cases of arthritis of the knee, there is pain, swelling, heat and cracking in the knee joint. A tearing, drawing or stinging pain in the knee may be prominent, and the knee also feels lame and weak as if sprained.

7. Infants and Children

It is a highly suitable remedy used to treat a number of complaints in infants and children, like dentition complaints (vomiting diarrhea, irritability, slow teething), developmental delays (late appearance of milestones like learning to walk and talk), hydrocephalus, night terrors, obesity in children with large bellies, open fontanelles, tendency to take cold, enlarged/inflamed tonsils, enlarged adenoids, and a tardy development of bones.

8. Intestinal Troubles

This remedy has a wide scope of action to treat many gastrointestinal troubles like dyspepsia with heartburn and loud, sour belching. It is a significant medicine to treat diarrhea in infants during dentition. The stools are loose with a sour smell and may contain undigested, offensive, mixed, soft and lumpy particles. It is also useful to treat vomiting during dentition. Diarrhea and vomiting from taking milk may be present.
This medicine is also used to treat constipation where the first part of the stool is hard, followed by pasty and liquid stool. It also smells very offensive and is passed with much straining. Burning and tearing at the anus during stool may be felt. A complaint of worms complaints (mainly thread or pinworms, tapeworm, and ascarides) are indicative to use this medicine. Itching of the anus is marked in such cases. Crawling in the rectum and burning at the anus may also be present. In addition to the above, it is also beneficial to treat gall stones and umbilical hernia. Specific craving including those for eggs, indigestible things, chalk, pencils may be present. An aversion to milk and a general aggravation from drinking milk may also be there.

9. Skin Issues

This is a well-indicated remedy to treat many skin issues. For example, it is a highly effective remedy to treat Tinea Capitis. Tinea capitis is ringworm of the scalp. There are yellow scabs present on the vertex (top of the head). Next, it is used to treat eczema capitis where eruptions on the scalp appear. These are covered with a layer of crust and smell foul. This begins at the back of the head and then extends over the whole head. It is attended with itching, crawling and sore pain. The eruptions bleed when picked.
This medicine is also used to treat small warts on the skin. These warts are soft at the base with a hard upper surface. They are usually skin-colored and tend to itch and bleed.
Barber’s itch is the next condition treated effectively with this medicine. This medicine is also used to treat increased sweating, especially on the hands, scalp, and neck. The scalp sweating on the scalp is debilitating. It mainly appears during the evening or night and the pillow can become wet with sweat.


This remedy is a deep-acting remedy that can be taken in potencies of 30C, 200C, 3X and 1M.

Relation to Other Remedies

Complementary medicines Calcarea Carbonica are Belladonna and Rhus Tox.
Medicines that follow well include Agaricus, Borax, Lycopodium, Nux Vomica, Phos, Pulsatilla, Silicea, Sepia.
Inimical medicines are Nitric Acid, Baryta Carb, Sulphur.
Antidotes are Bryonia, Camphor, China, Ipecac, Nux Vomica and Sepia.

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Homeopathic Treatment for Water Retention

Water is a critical component of the human body. Around 70% of the human body is made up of water. All body tissues, organs, and fluids, like blood and lymph, are made up of water. The regulation of water in the body is a complex mechanism and is carried out by different organs of the body. Management of water helps in maintaining the water within reasonable limits despite the amount of water taken by the person or the climatic conditions outside. Any disturbance in the regulatory mechanisms can lead to water retention in the body. When the retention of water in the body tissues or tissue cavities exceeds the desired amount, it is known as edema. Water retention can be generalized, which means that it is present in the whole body; or it can be limited to one body part, like pedal edema where water retention is seen only in the ankles. Homeopathic treatment for water retention is very beneficial. A thorough investigation in each case of water retention is a must to rule out the involvement of any major organ before the beginning of the treatment.    homeopathic treatment for water retention

In mild cases, medicines for water retention can be prescribed along with changes in diet and lifestyle. But in cases where retention is associated with disorders of major organs, treatment helps in managing the case. In such instances, treatment can be used in conjunction with conventional medicine to offer support to the patient. Medicines for water retention not only help in providing symptomatic relief but also assist in the treatment of underlying causes. Treatment for water retention is very safe since the medicines are prepared with natural substances. They have no side effects and can be used safely for all age groups.

Homeopathic Treatment for Water Retention

Some prominent medicines for water retention are Acetic acid, Apocynum, Apis Meliffica, Cardus Marianus, Digitalis, Fluoric Acid, and Terebinth. These medicines should be prescribed by individual symptoms in every given case. Homeopathy treatment for water retention should be taken under the supervision of a homeopath only, and self-medication should be avoided.

Causes and Types of Water Retention

Temporary water retention is the result of issues like the patient’s diet. Excessive intake of salt or sodium in the diet and deficiency of proteins and vitamin B complex are some causes of water retention. Another factor is the person’s lifestyle, which includes having a job that requires long periods of sitting down or standing. Water retention also occurs in bed ridden or immobile persons. Long flights may also lead to water retention. Medications like hormone replacement therapies, oral contraceptive pills, drugs for diabetes, anti inflammatory drugs, and drugs for heart disorders also cause water retention. In females, water retention commonly develops before the menstrual cycle. It is temporary and most likely due to hormonal imbalance. Water retention is also common during the last phase of pregnancy. It is due to the pressure put by the uterus on circulation and subsides after childbirth. Other medical conditions which lead to the retention of water are thyroid disorders, allergies to food, insect bites, disorders of the lymphatic system, deep vein thrombosis affecting lower limbs, congestive cardiac failure, kidney failure, and cirrhosis of the liver.

Types of Water Retention

There are two types of water retention. Cases, where depressions or pits are formed on the swollen part on exertion of pressure by the finger tips, is known as pitting type of water retention. Pitting type of water retention is seen in systemic disorders like a cardiac failure, liver failure, or kidney failure. Non-pitting edema is where no depressions form. It is a characteristic feature of water retention due to lymphatic and thyroid disorders.

Signs and Symptoms of Water Retention

Symptoms vary from mild to severe depending on the underlying cause and the organs involved. Water retention usually occurs on the feet, ankles, legs or hands. Here are some situations that lead to the retention of water.

1. Persons having a high sodium diet, sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, or long flights may experience water retention in the ankles or lower limbs. This retention is temporary and subsides with a little movement or leg elevation.
2. In cases where the person has to stand for a long time, the blood from the lower limbs cannot get pumped to the heart since the valves of the veins get incompetent. It leads to dilatation of the veins of the legs or varicose veins. In such cases, there is pain and heaviness in the legs. There may be skin changes like the development of skin eruptions or ulcers.
3. In congestive cardiac failure, the retention is usually on the legs, feet, and ankles. Along with this, other symptoms like tiredness, weakness, and an increased heart rate appear.
4. Retention may be present in the lungs, or pulmonary edema, leading to a chronic cough and breathlessness.
5. In cirrhosis of the liver, the retention appears on the abdomen and legs.
6. In kidney failure, there is puffiness around the eyes and swelling on the legs.
7. In disorders of the lymphatic system, the retention, or lymphoedema, is usually localized. Swelling may be present on the affected limb.
8. Persons having hypothyroidism may experience swelling and puffiness around the eyes and face. Water retention may be present on the feet and legs.

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Homeopathic Treatment for Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is a vein disease that arises when the valves in the veins (of the legs) do not function properly. Usually, the valves in leg veins allow only a one-way flow of blood – to the heart from legs – and prevent its backflow. In case these valves don’t work properly, then the blood flows backward, causing blood to pool in the legs, leading to venous insufficiency. Homeopathic medicines for venous insufficiency work according to the different symptoms presented as a part of the condition. The top homeopathic remedies for pooling of blood in legs are discussed below.

venous insufficiency homeopathy

Legs affected by Venous Insufficiency.

Homeopathic Medicines for Venous Insufficiency

Hamamelis Virginiana – Top Homeopathic Remedy for Venous Insufficiency and Varicose Veins

Hamamelis Virginiana is prepared from a plant commonly known as ‘witch – hazel.’ The natural order of this plant is Hamamelidacee. Hamamelis Virginiana is used in treatment for venous insufficiency with tiredness or aching in the legs. Along with this, the legs also feel tense, and a dragging sensation may be present. Varicose veins are present on the legs. The varices may be hard and knotty. Pain in the legs usually worsening from little motion is another main feature that appears. Ulcers on legs with prickling pain that are sensitive to touch also indicate the use of Hamamelis Virginiana.

Pulsatilla Nigricans – For Venous Insufficiency with Cramping and Pain in Legs

Pulsatilla Nigricans is a remedy of natural origin prepared from the plant ‘Windflower.’ This plant belongs to family Ranunculaceae. It works well when there is cramping and pain in the legs. Cramping mostly gets worse during the evening. Hanging down legs tends to worsen the complaint and legs feel heavy, coupled with a weary sensation. A drawing feeling in the legs, tension in legs and restlessness of legs are few of the accompanying features. Varices on the legs are prominently present, legs and feet may be swollen, and burning pains appear in the swollen feet. Pulsatilla Nigricans is also indicated for varices during pregnancy.

Fluoric Acid – For Venous Insufficiency with Leg Ulcers

Fluoric Acid has marked sphere of action on the venous system. It is helpful for treating ulcers on the legs due to venous insufficiency. Sores on the leg with red margins appear, and pain in ulcers is present in a marked degree. Burning sensation in the ulcers is present, and there may be a copious discharge from the ulcer. Warmth tends to worsen the pain, and the legs tend to be swollen.

Lachesis Muta – For Leg Ulcers in Venous Insufficiency with Offensive Discharges

Lachesis Muta is a natural remedy for leg ulcers with offensive discharges. There appear leg ulcers with bluish purplish surroundings. Bottom of the ulcers is uneven and dirty. Pimples or vesicles may surround the ulcers. Thin or pus discharges from the ulcers come out, and these are usually foul-smelling. Sometimes ulcers tend to bleed. The ulcers are painful and sensitive to touch and may have an intense burning sensation. Itching may be present in the sores. The legs are also swollen and red. Weakness and loss of strength attend the above complaint, and these symptoms tend to get worse during the night.

Graphites Naturalis – For Venous Insufficiency with Itching, Dryness, Cracks on Skin on the Legs

Graphites Naturalis is used to treat venous insufficiency with itching, dryness, and cracks on the skin of legs. Itching mostly is seen to get worse during the night. There may be oozing of discharge (mainly sticky and gluey). It may be used in cases of stasis eczema (inflammation of the skin due to poor circulation). Varicose veins are present on the legs, and small pimples may surround skin on these veins. A feeling of congestion the in legs and feet can appear while standing. Legs may feel heavy and tense. They also tend to swell up and have shooting pains.

Arsenic Album – For Venous Insufficiency with Swelling in Legs and Feet

Arsenic Album is valuable in homeopathy for treating chronic venous insufficiency with swollen legs and feet. Stabbing pains and burning sensation (that gets worse during the night) in legs, a feeling of excessive uneasiness and restlessness in the legs, apart from feeling weak and tired are the main symptoms. Varicose ulcers with gray colored crust and inflamed borders and thick edges are also indicative of using Arsenic Album. The surface of the ulcers appears unclean, blackish, with stinking discharges. Pustules around the edges of the ulcer may appear, and burning and stinging in these ulcers is also well marked.

Vipera Berus – Indicated for Venous Insufficiency with Swollen, Sensitive Veins in Legs

Homeopathic medicine Vipera Berus is used to treat venous insufficiency with swollen and tender veins in the legs. Veins are blue and very tender to touch, and there is marked venous stasis in the legs. It is attended by pain and a bursting sensation in the legs. Hanging the legs down worsens the complaint. Elevating the legs bring relief. The person also complains of a severe, cramping pain in the legs.

Signs of Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Swelling in legs or ankles mainly after long periods of standing.
Pain in the legs that mostly get worse when walking, standing and better from rest or from raising the leg.
Cramping in the legs.
Tiredness in the legs.
Dull aching, heaviness in the legs.
Tightness in the calf muscles of the legs.
– Brown colored skin on the legs and near ankles.
– Thick, hard skin on the legs and ankles.
– Itchy, cracked, flaky, crusty skin on legs sometimes with oozing of fluid (stasis eczema or stasis dermatitis).
Varicose veins ( enlarged, twisted and engorged veins ) on the legs.
Leg ulcers that are slow to heal.

The risk factors for developing venous insufficiency are:

– Women are at high risk than men.
– Being overweight or obese.
– A family history of chronic venous insufficiency.
– Pregnancy
– Smoking
– Lack of exercise.
– Sitting or standing for long periods.
– History of blood clots in legs or pooling of blood in feet.
– Weak leg muscles.
– History of trauma, injury or any surgery of the leg.

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