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Lachnanthes Tinctoria: Homeopathic Medicine – Its Use, Indications And Dosage

Lachnanthes Tinctoria is prepared from plant commonly named as ‘spirit weed’. It belongs to family Hemodoraceae. This homoeopathic remedy is prepared from the whole plant via potentization. It is a process of preparing homeopathic medicines that extracts and arouses medicinal properties from crude substance. This medicine is of special service in treating cases of neck pain, neck stiffness and torticollis (a painful condition arising from involuntary contraction of neck muscles resulting in twisting of head to one side).

Drug Action

The most favourable action of this medicine is seen on the neck. Other than this, its action is noted on upper back, head, eyes, throat, gastric system and skin.

Clinical Indications

Stiff neck, wry neck, torticollis, headache, sore throat, cough

Scope As A Homeopathic Remedy

1. Neck And Upper Back Complaints (Stiff Neck, Pain In Neck, Torticollis, Burning In Shoulder Blade)

The chief action of Lachnanthes is centred on the neck. It is the top most medicine to manage cases of painful and stiff neck. It gives great relief in neck pain and stiffness. Persons needing it have neck pain with a feeling as if the neck is dislocated. It is felt especially when turning the neck to the side or bending the head backward. The pain and stiffness may spread over the entire head and down the nose. It has a considerable clinical reputation in managing cases of torticollis. Torticollis is stiff, painful neck resulting from an involuntary contraction of neck muscles that leads to twisting of head to one side. Its use is considered when there is intense stiffness in neck along with drawing of head to one side. In most cases that require Lachnathes, the head is drawn to the right side. Its action is also marked on the upper back. Here it is particularly helpful in managing burning sensation in the right scapula (also called shoulder blade which is is a triangular bone that lies in upper back one on the either side). It is also well indicated when there is a sensation of wetness between shoulder blades as from cold sweat. There may also occur a sensation of a piece of ice lying on the back between shoulders.

Key Indicating Features

Neck stiffness and neck pain as if neck is dislocated

Torticollis with intense neck stiffness and drawing of head to one side especially right side

Burning sensation in the right scapula

A sensation of wetness between shoulder blades as from cold sweat

A sensation of piece of ice lying on back between shoulders

2. Head complaints (headache)

The action of this medicine is seen on the head. Here it is mainly indicated to manage cases of headache. It is prominently indicated for pain in the right side of head. The pain is bursting or splitting type, it may extend to jaw. The pain gets worse from movement of body or head. The least noise causes headache. Sometimes there is tearing pain in head that gets worse from vomiting. Tearing may be marked in forehead from left to right side. Another very characteristic feature for its use is head feeling enlarged. It gets worse from the least noise. Further, it helps cases where the bridge of the nose feels pinched.

Key Indicating Features

Right side headache bursting or splitting type extending to jaw

Tearing pain in head worse from vomiting

3. Eyes-Related Problems (Lachrymation, Burning, Floaters, Twitching)

Coming to eye problems, this medicine proves effective in complaint of violent lachrymation (eye watering) and burning in the eyes. The vision may be unclear as if there are clouds before the eyes. This medicine is also valuable to manage floaters in front of the eyes. It works well in cases of yellow spots or grey rings before the eyes. Its use is mainly considered when a small grey spot runs in front of the left eye when reading or writing. It can also be used in cases where eyes feel heavy and a person is not able to open his eyes. Lastly, it can be given in cases of twitching of upper eyelids worse when closing eyes.

Key Indicating Features

Excessive eye watering and burning in eyes

Eye floaters with yellow spots or grey rings before eyes

Small grey spot running before left eye when reading or writing

Twitching of upper eyelids worse when closing eyes

4. Throat Issues (Dryness, Soreness)

If we talk of throat issues, then Lachnanthes is effective for dry, rough throat. Its use is recommended when dryness is most intense during night. It is accompanied by bouts of coughing. Dryness of throat may lead to sleeplessness. The roughness in throat is attended with pricking sensation while swallowing. Throat is sore along with short cough. Itching in throat may be felt while swallowing.

Key Indicating Features

Throat dryness on awaking during night with coughing

Roughness in throat with pricking sensation when swallowing

Sore throat along with short cough

Itching in throat while swallowing

5. Gastric Concerns (Gas, Pain)

Another area of action of Lachnanthes is the gastric system. It is helpful for cases of excessive gas in abdomen. There is fullness in abdomen with rolling of gas and also escape of wind from the anus. With its action on rectum, it proves effective in managing frequent stool with passage of gas. Another notable feature to use this medicine is a constant stitching pain in the anus in the morning.

Key Indicating Features

Fullness in abdomen with rolling of gas and passage of gas per anus

Constant stitching pain in the anus in the morning

6. Skin Complaints (Itching, Burning, Pimples, Stinging)

Lastly, it acts well on skin. It is mainly helpful to help relieve skin itching. It gives substantial relief when itching on skin occurs at night along with burning. It gets worse from scratching. It is also of great value in managing pimples. Here it can effectively heal pimples that contain a watery fluid. Besides these, it may be used in managing stinging and tingling sensation on legs, thighs, feet and arms.

Key Indicating Features

Skin itching and burning at night worse from scratching

Pimples with watery fluid

Stinging and tingling sensation on legs, thighs, feet and arms

Dosage

This medicine works well in both low and high potency. Its potency is selected as per the individual case presentation. The low potencies can be taken often, but high potency should be taken in infrequent doses.

Relationship with Other Remedies

Lachnanthes can be compared with medicines including Bryonia, Cicuta, Actaea Racemosa, Fel Tauri and Gelsemium in case of neck pain.

 

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Homeopathic Remedies for Urethral Stricture Treatment

Weak urine stream, straining to pass urine, splitting of urine stream and pain while urinating, especially in males, is not something normal. It is most likely an indication of the narrowing of the urethra, what doctors refer to as Urethral Stricture. The urethra is the lowermost part of the urinary tract through which urine is passed out from the urinary bladder. Urethral Stricture is more common in males than in females. Rather, Urethral Stricture in females is a very rare occurrence.

Homeopathic medicines, which are sourced from natural substances, can be very beneficial in the treatment of Urethral Stricture. They are completely safe and natural remedies, with no side effects, and ensure that the passage of urine becomes normal again and there is no pain in the process.

Homeopathic Remedies for Urethral Stricture

Top Natural Homeopathic Remedies for Urethral Stricture

The top ten homeopathic medicines for urethral stricture management are Clematis, Chimaphila, Cantharis, Thiosinaminum, Conium, Arnica, Cannabis Sativa,Merc Sol, Magnesia Mur and Sulph Iodatum.

1. Clematis – Top Medicine With Feeble Urine Stream, Straining To Urinate, Interrupted Urine Flow

Clematis is the best prescription to manage urethral stricture. This natural medicine can relieve many symptoms associated with urethral constriction. In cases needing it, there is feeble stream of urine with slow passage of urine. To pass urine, straining is required to initiate urine flow.  An extreme constricted sensation is felt in the urethra while passing urine. The bladder does not empty in one go and the flow of urine starts then stops and starts again several times (interrupted urine stream). At times, urine is passed drop by drop. The patient always feels as if some urine is still left behind in the bladder. Dribbling of urine occurs after passing urine. Clematis helps in establishing the proper flow of urine in a stream. Frequency to pass urine also increases. Burning in urethra when passing urine also occurs. It is also helpful for all those patients of Urethral Stricture who have a history of gonorrhoea for a long duration.

2. Chimaphila – For Thin / Split Urine Stream and Straining To Pass Urine

Chimaphila is of great help when urine stream is thin like a thread or split urine stream. Additionally, a lot of straining is required to pass urine. In spite of the efforts, the urine passed is very less in quantity. A characteristic feature is patients needing it are able to empty the bladder when standing with feet set wide apart and body stooped forward. When such peculiar symptoms come to light, the selection of the correct medicine becomes easy. Besides the above, it can be used when there is frequent urge to urinate, like every one to two hours. Cutting and burning pain when passing urine may be felt.

3. Cantharis – For Pain Or Burning While Urinating

Cantharis is a very well-known and widely used medicine for various kinds of urinary troubles. It is beneficial in Urethral Stricture cases when the foremost complaint is pain or burning while passing urine. The burning or pain may even start before urination, and continue even after passing urine. Urine may be passed drop by drop. The urge to pass urine is almost constantly present.

4. Thiosinaminum – To Dissolve Scars in Urethral Stricture

Thiosinaminum is known for its ability to dissolve scars formed anywhere in the body. Thiosinaminum can work wonders in Urethral Stricture cases where the scar tissue is formed in urethra due to any cause. The scar resolving power of this natural remedy cannot be matched by any other medicine. Pain while passing urine and increased urination at night are the main symptoms found in persons needing this medicine.

5. Conium – For Intermittent Urine Stream

This medicine can help patients of Urethral Stricture where the main trouble is the intermittent stream of urine. It takes a lot of time to complete the act of urination. The urine starts to flow and then stops and this process of starting and stopping is repeated several times to completely drain the urine out. Burning pain after passing urine may be felt.

6. Arnica – For Urethral Stricture With A History Of Injury Or Trauma

Arnica is a highly recommended natural medicine for its universal curing action in trauma and injury cases. Arnica can be given in cases of Urethral Stricture where history of an injury is found. Injuries basically caused by blunt objects, a blow or a fall are covered by this medicine. The patient needing Arnica usually complains of frequent urge to urinate and sore and bruised pain in urethra while urinating or otherwise.

7. Cannabis Sativa For Split Stream Of Urine

This medicine is useful when urination occurs in a split stream. Straining to pass urine is also required. Dribbling of urine occurs after urine flow ceases. Burning in urethra when urinating appears.

8. Merc Sol For Increased Frequency Of Urine And An Urgent Need To Urinate

Merc Sol proves effective in managing increased frequency of urine and urgency to pass urine. A person has to rush/ hurry to pass urine as the urge cannot be controlled. While urinating, the stream of urine is very weak. Urination is attended with burning pain.

9. Magnesia Mur For Stricture After Dilatation (Procedure To Stretch Urethral Sides)

This medicine works well for stricture after dilatation. It is indicated when urine passes with much straining and pressure. Urine may pass in drops. There is a sensation as if some urine always remains back.

10. Sulph Iodatum – For Stricture Following Gonorrhea

Sulph Iodatum is very beneficial when urethral stricture follows gonorrhoea. The symptoms guiding its use are urine passing drop by drop, frequent urge to pass urine and painful urination.

Signs And Symptoms Of Urethral Stricture

The symptoms of Urethral Stricture include the following:

1. Weak/feeble urine stream and straining to pass urine

2. Spraying or splitting of urine stream: It means urine flow split and goes in two directions instead of one normal urine stream in one direction

3. Sensation as if urinary bladder is not completely emptied after passing urine

4. Increased frequency of urine and an urgent need to urinate

5. Interrupted/ intermittent urine stream: Urine starts and stops several times while passing it

6. Pain or burning when passing urine

7. Loss of bladder control, urethral discharge, swelling / pain of penis, pain in lower abdomen, urine passing out in drops are other symptoms

8. Dark urine, blood in urine/semen

9. Acute urine retention when a person is unable to urinate at all (it is serious condition and should be immediately treated)

Causes Of Urethral Stricture

The main cause behind Urethral Stricture is scar formation within urethra from an injury or instrumentation or surgery. The causes are enumerated as follows:

1. Trauma or injury to the urethra: The trauma may follow any hit or blow on the urethra/ trauma to pelvis. Falling on the bar of a bicycle is very common injury that can lead to Urethral Stricture.

2. Instrumentation: Endoscopy, catheter introduction

3. Surgical operations(Post-operative Urethral Stricture): It  may follow a prostate operation, kidney stone removal surgery, hypospadias surgery (to correct urethral opening position in penis)

4. Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and inflammatory conditions of the urethra (urethritis).

5. Sexually transmitted infections: Few infections include gonorrhoea and chlamydia infection.

6. Passage of kidney stone

7. Radiation therapy

8. Cancer of prostate or Urethra

9. Less commonly, Urethral Stricture can be congenital (present since birth) or occur from pressure by a tumour near urethra. In some cases, no cause can be ruled out.

Risk Factors

1. Males are more at risk as compared to females to develop Urethral Stricture

2. Having recent catheter use

3. Recurrent UTI (urinary tract infection) or STI (sexually transmitted infection)

4. Urethritis (inflamed urethra)

5. Enlarged prostate

Types Of Urethral Stricture In Males

1. Anterior urethral stricture: It is common type and comprises last 9-10 inches of male urethra down the posterior section. Among anterior type – bulbar urethra is most commonly involved followed by penile and panurethral stricture. These occur particularly after trauma or infection. In this, there occurs fibrosis of corpus spongiosum causing narrowing of lumen of urethra.

2. Posterior urethral stricture:  It is 1- 2 inches long passes from the opening of bladder to urethral portion through prostate and pelvic floor muscles. These follow from pelvic injury/pelvic radiation.

Complications Of Urethral Stricture

Urinary retention, Urinary Tract Infection, Kidney stones, urethral fistula and Hydronephrosis (swollen kidneys from build-up of fluid inside them) are a few complications.

Investigations

1.Uroflowmetry Test: It measures the amount of urine passed out from the body and the speed of its passage, plus the total time taken to pass all urine

2.Retrograde urethrogram (RGU): In this, an X-ray film is taken after injecting a contrast agent through penis opening. It will reveal location and length of stricture in urethra if present.

3.Cystoscopy:  A camera is inserted in penis to view inside urethra and to look for a stricture

4.MRI, CT scan and Ultrasound: These are done to view urethra and adjacent structures

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Top Homeopathic Medicines for Migraine

homeopathic medicines for migraine

Migraine is a disorder characterised by headache, specifically affecting one side of the head (i.e. unilateral side). Migraine headaches are mostly throbbing or pulsating in nature. Common accompanying symptoms are nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light, and noise. The migraine headache can be severe enough to disturb routine activities.

In some cases, some warning symptoms may be experienced before the onset of headache or with the headache, known as an ‘aura.’ The symptoms of aura may be related to vision like flashes of light or spots or different shapes before eyes and sometimes temporary loss of vision. Other symptoms of aura may relate to sensation. It includes tingling or prickling sensation on face, arms or legs. Sometimes difficulty in speech may also be a symptom.

Homeopathic Treatment 

Homeopathic remedies for migraine are reliable, and safe. They offer effective treatment for migraine. In fact, they work wonders for acute migraine attacks or even chronic migraine. These medicines for migraine are selected as per individual case. Individual symptoms are studied in detail and the appropriate medicine is prescribed. They identify and attack migraine at the root. Migraines with or without aura respond very well to natural homeopathic medicines.

Top Homeopathic medicines for migraine

The top-ranked homeopathic medicines for migraine are Belladonna, Glonoinum, Iris Versicolor, Epiphegus, and Nux Vomica.

1. Belladonna – Top Grade Medicine For Migraine

Though, there are numerous medicines available in homeopathy to manage migraine but Belladonna assumes top most position in that. I can bet this medicine to relieve migraine headache. It is brilliant medicine to help headaches with intense throbbing, pulsating type of pain.  With this, there is an extreme fullness in the head along with the sensation as if the head would burst. Light seemingly worsens the headache. Noise may get unbearable. In some cases, exposure to cold air may trigger a migraine episode. In others, a head bath with cold water can bring on migraine headaches. Manual pressing of the head is the only way one could get some relief.

2. Glonoinum – For Congestive Headache

Glonoinum though mentioned on second position but is as effective as Belladonna for treating migraine with fullness and congestion in head. Those needing it feel excessive blood rush into the head. The head feels very large, as if it would burst. Patients who suffer are seen holding their heads tightly. The eyeballs seem to protrude. Extreme heaviness in the head along with unbearable heat occurs. Uncovering the head relieves the headache. The migraine also gets better with sleep. However, walking may worsen the headache. Apart from congestive headaches, Glonoinum is a leading medicine administered for headache related to migraine triggered by sun exposure.

3. Iris Versicolor – For Migraine With Nausea, Vomiting Or Acidity

To manage headache with nausea, vomiting and acidity no medicine does a better job than Iris Versicolor. Though, some other medicines can be extremely useful but Iris Versicolor is first recommended choice. It is best suited when acid reflux leads to headaches. In cases needing it, vomiting of acidic, sour, bitter nature is observed. Bitter, acrid belching with heartburn (intense burning behind the sternum) and burning in the throat is well marked. Other than heartburn burning may be noted in any part of the alimentary canal. This medicine is also useful in case migraine begins with a blur before the eyes.

4. Epiphegus – For Migraine Triggered By Mental Or Physical Exertion

To treat migraine triggered by exertion (mental or physical), medicine Epiphegus is the best bet. It gives great results when mental or physical exertion sets off the migraine episode. It is used where the slightest deviation from routine work brings on a migraine attack. Although, it works for both-sided migraine, comparatively better results are seen when the headache occurs on the left-side. A peculiar accompanying symptom is increased saliva with constant inclination to spit.

5. Spigelia – Effective Medicine For Left-sided Migraine

Spigelia is undoubtedly the most effective medicine for migraine on the left-side. In most cases, the pain begins in the back of the head (occipital region), extends upwards and settles over the left eye. The pain is intense, throbbing and pulsating. A sensation of a tight band around the head is felt. Stooping seems to worsen the headache. Severe pain in the eyeballs may be an accompanying factor. Eye movement worsens this pain.

6. Sanguinaria Canadensis – For Migraine Of Right Side

Sanguinaria Canadensis works wonderfully well to settle down migraine on the right-side. The characteristic symptom to administer this medicine is pain which starts in the back of the head (occipital region), and then it goes up and sits right over the right eye. Lying down quietly in a dark room or sleep brings relief. This medicine can also be prescribed when the headache starts in the morning, gets intense during the day and lasts until sunset. Fasting (going without meals) often triggers a migraine headache in some, for which again this medicine is helpful. Sanguinaria Canadensis is also a significant medicine for migraine in women during menopause.

 7. Nux Vomica – For Migraine With Gastric Issues

Nux Vomica is the most well suited medicine for migraine with gastric troubles. Migraine associated with indigestion, gas, constipation shows great recovery with the use of Nux Vomica. It is often seen that migraine headache gets triggered by some particular food items. Nux Vomica is suitable when migraine triggers from intake of alcohol, coffee, and spicy food. The headache may be located in any part of the head. The person feels the need to press the head against something for relief.

8. Kali Phos – For Migraine Due To Stress

To relieve migraine from stress one can surely take this medicine without second thought. The unique indication for the use of Kali Phos is stress, tensions, and worry that leads to headache arising out of migraine. Such migraine related headaches are common among students who suffer school or college related stress. Exhaustion, and weakness usually accompany the migraine in such cases.

9. Natrum Muriaticum – For Migraine Before / During Menses (Menstrual Migraine)

Some women may experience migraine specifically before or during menstruation. For them, Natrum Muriaticum is the best prescription. This medicine works extremely well when migraine attack gets triggered before or during menstrual cycle. This medicines typically works if migraine headache feels like little hammers knocking on the brain. Another kind of headache that can be dealt wonderfully with this medicine is when the headache starts with sunrise, continues through the day and vanishes after sunset. This is popularly known as the “sunrise to sunset headache”. It is also the most suitable prescription for migraine headaches in school girls or in girls who are anaemic. It is also considered the best medicine where numbness or tingling is felt in the nose, tongue or lips before the migraine attack.

10. Gelsemium – When Headache Is Preceded By Temporary Vision Loss

Gelsemium is well indicated for cases in which temporary vision loss (blindness) precedes onset of migraine headache. Those who need it usually feel the pain in the back of the head (occipital region). A sensation of band around the head is also felt. There is heaviness on the eyelids. Excessive sensibility to noise before headache is yet another reason for its use. This medicine can also be given for headache on the one-side accompanied with dim vision or double vision.

11. Cyclamen – For Migraine With Visual Disturbances

Cyclamen is mostly administered for migraine attack preceded or accompanied by visual disturbance like flickering / sparks before eyes or dim vision. These visual symptoms that precede the migraine headache are referred to as visual aura. Cyclamen is also useful in case of migraine headaches which has an early morning onset. Shooting pain is experienced in the temporal region. Vertigo, especially while standing may accompany the headache.

12. Kali Bichrome – For Headache Preceded by Blurred Vision Or Temporary Loss Of Vision

It is a very beneficial medicine in managing headache preceded by blurred vision or temporary vision loss. The headache occurs in small spots, and is marked over the eyebrows. Nausea, and vomiting may accompany other symptoms.

Four Stages & Symptoms of Migraine

There are four stages of a migraine attack:

1.Prodrome: It is the first stage lasting for a few hours to a few days. In this, the sufferer notices slight change that signals that a migraine attack is about to set in.These are noticed in 60 per cent of the cases.

2. Aura: It is the second stage lasting anything between five minutes to 60 minutes. This appears before or even when the headache has set in.

3. Headache (migraine attack): It remains for a minimum of four hours and extends up to as many as three days.

4. Postdrome:It occurs after the end of migraine attack, and may last for one to two days.

Each stage has its own symptoms as mentioned below:

1. Prodrome symptoms

Mood changes, difficult concentration, irritability, increased frequency of urination, food cravings, neck stiffness, constipation or diarrhoea, difficulty in speaking/sleeping

2. Aura symptoms

In this, symptoms related to nervous system appear which are reversible. The symptoms of this stage might include visual disturbances (like experiencing flashes of light or bright spots or zig-zag lines or different shapes popping up before one’s eyes, vision loss). It may also include problem in speaking, needle-pins being felt in the arm or leg, weakness in the face or on either side of the body. In some cases, changes in smell or taste also occur. Besides sensation, one feels as if the world around the person is spinning.

3. Headache (Migraine attack)

In this stage, a throbbing pulsating type of pain appears mostly on one side of head. In some cases, headache may occur on both sides of head. Besides, nausea and vomiting can occur. Additionally, sensitivity to sound, light, smell can be experienced.

4. Postdrome (Migraine Hangover) Symptoms

After the migraine attack is over, fatigue, confusion appears. Some people feel extremely happy.

Types Of Migraine

There are multiple types of migraine. Some of these are as explained below:

1. Migraine without headache (Silent migraine): only aura symptoms occur in this type and no headache appears.

2. Migraine without aura:In this headache, starts without any aura symptoms

3. Migraine with aura (Classic migraine): An aura is experienced followed by headache

4. Retinal / Ocular migraine:There occurs temporary vision loss that can be partial or complete in one eye attended with dull pain behind eye that can spread to other parts of the head.

5. Hemiplegic migraine:Temporary sensory or other nervous system related symptoms may occur like numbness or weakness on one side of body, sometimes loss of sensation and tingling in one side of body

6. Migraine with brainstem aura (basilar migraine): Before headache, there occurs slurred speech, vertigo, loss of balance, double vision and ringing noises in ears

7. Menstrual migraine: It happens in women before or during menses and may occur every month.

8. Abdominal migraine: In this stomach pain occurs with nausea and vomiting, usually seen in children. With time, it can shift to classic migraine.

9. Status migrainosus: When migraine lasts for more than 3 days. It is a severe type of migraine

10. Chronic migraine:when migraine occurs for fifteen days minimum in one month.

Causes

1. Migraines are believed to arise due to brain changes affecting nerve communication,and are also thought to originate from brain changes affecting blood vessels.Some people believe that both of these factors play a role. These changes send pain signals to brain.

2. Other than these, decrease in the level of brain chemical serotonin might be a causing factor, the research for confirmation of the role of serotonin in migraines is still ongoing.

3. Genetics is also thought to play a role in migraine as persons having migraine often have some family member suffering from migraine. About two third of the migraine cases have a family history of migraine. If a person has one parent with migraine then he / she has 50% chance to suffer same. Having both parent suffering from migraine increase risk to 75% in their children

4. In some cases psychological conditions like anxiety, depression, are linked with migraine

Trigger Factors

Some of the trigger factors behind migraine are:

1. Stress

2. Bright light, flashing lights, sunlight, light from television; loud noise; strong smell.

3. Eating processed foods, cheese, chocolates, pickled food or food having monosodium glutamate (MSG), skipping meals, taking excessive alcohol and caffeine

4. Loss of sleep or excessive sleep

5. Intense exertion, tiredness

6. Temperature changes

7. Certain medicines like vasodilators (like nitroglycerine) and oral contraceptive pills

8. In women, migraines can occur from hormonal changes like before or during menses, pregnancy and menopause

Lifestyle Management

1. Massaging scalp can be helpful to relieve headache

2. Rest in quiet, dark room can relieve attack

3. To manage stress, opt for yoga and meditation to calm mind and prevent migraine attack

4. Find out factors that trigger your migraine and try to avoid them

5. Take plenty of fluids and do not skip meals

6. Take enough sleep

7. Avoid food stuff that triggers your migraine

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Natural Homeopathic Remedies for Post Nasal Drip

Postnasal Drip (PND) may sound to be a trivial problem but it can be a source of nagging irritation. An annoying affliction that can impede a person’s day-to-day functioning, PND is a condition in which a person is constantly struggling with secretions in the throat. Postnasal Drip refers to mucus dripping from the back of the nose into the throat. It is also commonly termed as the upper airway cough syndrome. PND is attended with a constant urge to clear the throat as the flow of the fluid in the throat is irritating. Another offshoot of PND is that the irritants present in the secretions could initiate a cough reflex.

Homeopathic Treatment

Homeopathic medicines for Postnasal Drip help treat the problem effectively. Homeopathy offers remedies for Postnasal Drip that are safe, successful and devoid of side-effects. Since homeopathy uses the body’s own defenses to combat infection, this line of treatment is comparatively non-intrusive. Another advantage these remedies enjoy over others is that they are toxin-free as they are drawn from natural substances.

homeopathic medicines for post nasal drip

Top Homeopathic Medicines for Postnasal Drip

The best homeopathic medicines for PND are Hydrastis, Kali Bichrome, Corallium Rubrum, Natrum Mur, Hepar Sulph, Natrum Phos, Sticta, Merc Sol and Allium Cepa.

 1. Hydrastis – For Postnasal Drip With Thick Ropy Secretion    

I can vouch for the fact that homeopathy assures excellent treatment for Postnasal Drip. One of the top treatments in homeopathy for this condition is hydrastis. It is ideal for situations where the secretions are very thick, ropy and sticky in form. The secretions fall from the posterior nares into the throat. The patient complains of irritation due to a continuous feeling of mucus in the throat.  There is a lot of hawking in an attempt to expel the mucus. Usually, thick, yellow mucus is expectorated. Both the nares become raw and the person has a constant urge to blow out from the nose. In case of Postnasal Drip in children, the kid is usually suddenly aroused from sleep due to thick, sticky droppings. The throat feels raw and there is a lot of burning sensation.

2. Kali Bichrome – For Post Nasal Drip With Sinusitis

It is another reliable remedy for Postnasal Drip. It is especially recommended in cases when the secretions are thick, green and ropy in nature. The patient hawks a lot to clear the throat. The root of the nose and the frontal sinus are inflamed, causing a lot of pain and distress to the patient.

3. Corallium Rubrum – For PND With Cough

Corallium Rubrum is a wonderful remedy that covers Postnasal Drip well. Corallium works well in cases where a lot of mucus is secreted through the posterior nares. The patient hawks up a lot of mucus. Along with this, there is cough that is dry and spasmodic. Other that this, there is Nasal Catarrh (nasal discharge from the front of the nose) with abundant secretions. This makes the inhaled air feel very cold.

4. Natrum Mur – To Manage PND Related To Cold Or Nasal Allergy

Natrum Mur is leading homeopathic medicine to help cases of PND associated with cold or nasal allergy. Those needing it complain of mucus dripping from the nose into the throat along with other symptoms of cold or nasal allergy. These symptoms include sneezing, runny nose and watering from eyes. Nose may be blocked sometimes.

5. Hepar Sulph – When PND Is Linked With Cold, Sinusitis

This medicine is beneficial when PND is associated with cold and sinusitis. In cases needing it, there is watery or thick discharge from nose along with sneezing. It gets triggered by cold air. The inhaled air feels cold inside the nose. The mucus dripping in the throat may be blood-stained.

6. Natrum Phos – For Managing Acid Reflux And PND

In cases where a person has acid reflux issues along with PND, this medicine can be considered. This medicine will work at treating acid reflux which is causing PND. When this medicine is required, thick yellow mucus is found dripping in the throat. It gets worse at night waking the sufferer from sleep. The person has to sit up to clear the throat. Besides, symptoms of acid reflux like heartburn, sour burps may be experienced.

7. Sticta – For PND, Blocked Nose And Fullness At the Root Of Nose

Sticta proves effective when there is dripping of mucus in posterior throat and blocked nose. Fullness at the root of the nose is prominent. Nasal blockage gets worse at night that disturbs sleep. There is mucus in the throat that dries soon forming scabs. There is an urge to blow nose but no discharge occurs.

8. Merc Sol – For Mucus Trickling In Throat Which Causes Hawking

Merc Sol is useful when a person complains of dripping of mucus in the throat with marked hawking. Hoarseness of voice may be an accompanying factor. Along with nasal discharge, sneezing may be present. The discharge from the nose is yellowish-green.

9. Allium Cepa – When Lumpy Mucus Passes From Nose Into Throat

Use of Allium Cepa is suggested when lumpy mucus passes from the nose into the throat. It is one of the key medicines which helps treat cases of nasal allergy. In such cases, discharge from nose occurs that cause burning in the nose and of the upper lips. It is accompanied by sneezing and non-irritating eye discharge.Homeopathy offers cures for post-nasal drip that are safe, successful and shorn of side-effects. Since homeopathy uses the body’s own defenses to combat infection, this line of treatment is comparatively non-intrusive. Another advantage these remedies enjoy over other cures is that they are toxin-free as they are drawn from natural substances.

Symptoms of Postnasal Drip

Postnasal Drip is characterized by excessive mucus production by the nasal mucosa. This mucus then collects in the back of the nose or the throat, giving rise to:

1. Sensation of mucus falling from the back of the nose

2. Hawking and an urge to clear throat frequently

3. A sore throat, and chronic cough

4. Hoarse voice

5. Bad breath

6. Painful ear infections

Causes of PND

It can be caused by multiple reasons which are as follows:

1. Cold, & flu: These are viral infections affecting the nose and the throat. Among these, flu is more severe than cold. These can cause PND along with other main symptoms of nasal congestion, nasal discharge, sneezing, sore throat, bodyaches, and fever.

2. Sinusitis: It refers to swelling and inflammation of air filled spaces within skull. It can lead to PND with other symptoms of headache, nasal discharge, nasal blockage, pain/ tenderness around eyes, cheeks, nose, forehead, sore throat, and cough.

3. Nasal allergy (allergic rhinitis): It refers to allergic response to a specific allergen (like dust mites, pollens) causing sneezing, runny nose, itchy watery eyes, stuffed nose. PND may accompany these symptoms.

4. Non allergic rhinitis: In this form of rhinitis, symptoms similar to allergic rhinitis appear but there is no allergic reaction.

5. DNS (deviated nasal septum): A condition in which the wall that divides nasal cavity into two halves is displaced to one side. As a result, one side of nasal cavity becomes small that hinders mucus drainage causing PND.

6. Gastric reflux: Back flow of stomach acid from the stomach into the food pipe, throat and the mouth

7. An object stuck in nose mainly in children can be one of the causes

8. Some medicines: Medicines that help treat high blood pressure, and birth control pills can trigger PND

9. Pregnancy

10. Swallowing disorder: In case of swallowing disorders, the root cause lies not in excess production of mucus but rather in inadequate clearance of the throat

11. Weather change, cold weather, dry air, and eating some food items like highly spicy food

Pathophysiology

Our nose and throat produce small amount of mucus continually. This mucus has three functions. Firstly, it keeps nasal membrane moist, secondly, it helps trap and filter any inhaled foreign matter (like virus and bacteria) and thirdly it fights infection. This mucus is being swallowed unaware by everyone. But when due to whatever reason the production of mucus increases, it starts to accumulate in the back of throat. When excessive or thick mucus drips down the throat from back of nose one gets aware of it. The irritating matter in mucus can activate receptors in respiratory tract resulting in protective cough.

Lifestyle Management Tips

1.Keep yourself hydrated. Take warm drinks, hot tea, warm soup. This will help to thin the mucus and prevent dehydration

2. Sleep with head elevated that will help mucus drainage

3. If one has allergies,  use dust mite proof cover for mattress, and pillows. Wash bedsheets, pillow covers frequently with hot water.

4. If acid reflux triggers PND,  avoid spicy food; the last meal of the day should be taken at least two hours before bedtime.

 

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Formica Rufa: Homeopathic Medicine — Its Use, Indications And Dosage

Formica Rufa is a renowned medicine in homeopathy to treat cases of nasal polyps.  It is also well suited to manage cases of joint inflammation, and pain, especially, when there is sudden pain. It also tends to shift from one part to another. Pain has a tendency to wander from left side of the body to right and then again back to left side. In cases of gout, it gives promising results.

Drug Action

The most prominent action of this medicine is on the nasal mucus membrane and joints. Other than this, it acts well on gastric system, skin, ear, and eyes.

Clinical Indications

Nasal polyps, cold, joint pains, gout, diarrhea, spleen pain, hives, tinnitus, earache

Scope As A Homeopathic Remedy

1. Nasal Problems (Polyps And Cold)

Formica Rufa acts magnificently on the nasal mucus membrane. Its acts well in treating nasal polyps, and cold. Nasal polyps are best treated with this medicine. They refer to soft, non-cancerous, painless growths that tend to develop on the lining of nasal passage or paranasal sinuses. It arises mainly from long-term inflammation of the lining of nose or paranasal sinuses. Formica Rufa has given great clinical results in cases of nasal polyps. It acts very effectively to shrink the nasal polyps growth, and often prevents surgical intervention in these cases. In case of cold, it works well to manage sneezing, and watery nasal discharge. The nose feels stuffed.

Key Indicating Features

Nasal polyps

Sneezing, runny nose and nasal stuffiness

 2. Joint Complaints (Joint Inflammation, Pain, Gout)

Formica Rufa acts very well on the joints. It manages joint inflammation and its related symptoms wonderfully. It proves very effective when joint inflammation, and pains come on suddenly along with restlessness. Joints on the right side are more affected as compared to the left. The pain tends to wander from one part to the other. There is worsening of joint pain upon movement, and relief when pressure is applied. Nodes may be present near the affected joints. The pain mainly occurs on the right elbow, and wrist. Pain may also occur in hip joint. It is a bruised type of pain that gets worse at night. Pain in the knee joint is also felt. It gets worse while walking. It is a highly valued medicine in treating cases of gout (joint inflammation from high uric acid levels). Its use is also well indicated in case of chronic gout with joint stiffness.

Key Indicating Features

Joint inflammation, and pain appearing suddenly, along with restlessness

Joint pain gets worse upon movement & better when pressure is apploed

Chronic gout with joint stiffness

3. Gastric Issues (Pain, Diarrhea, Spleen Pain)

Its acts quite well on the gastric system, and proves beneficial in a lot of ways. To begin with, it offers huge relief in cases of pain around the umbilicus felt before stool. There may be excessive gas in the abdomen, and one may feel gas remaining stuck in the abdomen. Secondly, it is useful in treating cases of nausea, and vomiting that occurs with headache. The vomiting carries yellow mucus, and a bitter taste. It can be used in cases of burning sensation in stomach accompanied by a feeling of weight and oppression. This medicine can also be administered in cases of diarrhoea. This medicine works well in case of loose stool with tenesmus (an ineffectual constant urge to pass stool even if bowels are already empty). Pain in bowels before stool is felt in this condition. Besides, it is an important medicine in managing dull pain in the region of spleen.

Key Indicating Features

Pain around the umbilicus felt before stool

Nausea and vomiting of yellow bitter mucus with headache

Loose stool with tenesmus (an ineffectual constant urge to pass stool even if bowels are already empty)

Dull pain in spleen region

4. Skin Complaints (Hives, Itching, Excessive Sweating)

Hives

Hives

By acting on the skin, Formica Rufa proves effective to manage complaint of hives. Hives refers to raised itchy wheals (bumps) on the skin triggered usually from an allergic reaction. It is also indicated to manage itching of skin attended with redness and burning sensation. Lastly, its use is considered when there is excessive sweating, especially during night.

Key Indicating Features

Hives

Itching, redness and burning of skin

Profuse sweating at night

5. Ear-related Problems (Tinnitus, Polyps, Earache)

One may find this medicine beneficial to treat tinnitus (noises in ear in the absence of any external source). It is well indicated to manage ringing and buzzing sort of noises in ear. Hardness of hearing can accompany it. Formica Rufa is also recommended for treating polyps in the ear. Another complaint where it seems to help is earache in both the ears felt in the morning on getting up. The pain may be pressing in nature attended with heated sensation. The right ear may be sensitive to touch externally.

Key Indicating Features

Ringing and buzzing type of noises in ear

Polyps in ears

Earache in both the ears in morning on getting up

6. Eye Complaints (Iritis, Twitching, Pterygium, Pain)

Formica Rufa is also known to help in treating  certain eye-related complaints as well. This medicine can be used to manage rheumatic iritis means iris inflammation (iritis) when related to joint inflammation. It can be given in cases of twitching of the upper eyelid. Its use is also recommended to treat cases of pterygium (an abnormal tissue growth on conjunctiva). Last indication to use it is pain in the eyes felt on waking up.

Key Indicating Features

Rheumatic iritis (iris inflammation in case of joint inflammation)

Twitching of upper eyelid

Modalities

Worsening factors: complaints are worse from cold, dampness, and cold washing

Relieving factors: complaints are better from rubbing, pressure and warmth

Dosage

The recommended potency of this medicine is between 6C to 30 C. The repetition varies from case to case.

Relationship with Other Remedies

It can be compared with other remedies including Arsenic Album, Bryonia, Urtica urens, Dulcamara and Apis Mellifica.

 

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Calcarea Fluorica: Homeopathic Medicine – Its Use, Indications And Dosage

The remedy Calcarea Fluorica, also known as Calcarea Fluorata, is derived from calcium fluoride. It is one amongst the 12 biochemic medicines in homeopathy. When calcium fluoride is potentized according to homeopathic formula which is a process of arousing medicinal powers of crude substance, it is converted into a very beneficial homeopathic medicine Calcarea Fluorica. Among the various health concerns that it can treat well, the most prominent ones are hard lumps/knots, extra bony outgrowths (bone spurs) and varicose veins.

Drug Action

A foremost action of this medicine to dissolve extra bony outgrowths. Another highly important action is to dissolve hard lumps/knots in different body parts. The most prominent action of this medicine is seen on the bones and teeth. The other main action is on breast, neck, back, limbs, joints. Lastly, it acts well on rectum, and skin.

Clinical Indications

Bone spurs, exostosis, hard lumps/nodes, dental problems, toothache, gumboils, breast knots, goitre, varicose veins, ganglion, backache, scoliosis, ulcers, piles, anal fissures, anal itching, synovitis

Scope As A Homeopathic Remedy

1. Bone Complaints (Extra Bony Growths, Bone Tumors, Bone Suppuration)

Calcarea Fluorica acts wonderfully on the bones. It is highly valuable to manage certain bone complaints magnificently. It is a principal medicine to treat exostosis (extra growth of bone on an existing bone) cases. Cases of extra bony growths call unmistakably for use of Calcarea Fluorica. Other than exostosis some other names for this extra growth of bone includes bony spurs and osteophytes. Use of this medicine can be done in any case of extra bone growths occurring from different reasons. Exostosis resulting from an injury to bone is also indicative of its use. This medicine is very powerful to dissolve the extra bony outgrowths. Coming to another complaint where it proves to be highly effective is bone tumours. Another use of this medicine is seen in relieving a hard swelling on the jaw bone. Lastly, it is indicated for managing cases of suppuration of bone. Suppuration means pus discharge.

Key Indicating Features

Extra bony growths – exostosis, bone spurs, osteophytes

Hard swelling on jaw bone

Suppuration (pus discharge) of bone

2. Dental Complaints (Deficient Enamel, Toothache, Gumboil)

It acts wonderfully on the teeth and gums. Firstly, it is prominently indicated for cases in which the enamel on teeth is deficient. Secondly, it is beneficial for toothache. Here it is indicated when pain in teeth is felt if any food touches the teeth. Lastly, its use is recommended for cases of gumboils (a pus-filled bump on gums). In such cases, it works well when there is a hard swelling on gums.

Key Indicating Features

Deficient enamel on teeth

Toothache when any food touches teeth

Gumboil with hard swelling

3. Female Problems (Breast Knots / Lumps, Uterine Prolapse)

If we talk of women problems, then the foremost complaint for which it is most importantly indicated is hard knots in the breasts. It is a top-grade medicine to dissolve hard knots/lumps in breasts. It can be given to manage cases of prolapse of uterus. In such cases, its use is considered when there is bearing down and dragging pain in uterus and thighs.

Key Indicating Features

Hard knots in breast

Uterine prolapse with bearing down and dragging in uterus and thighs

4. Neck And Back Concerns (Goitre, Backache)

Another action of Calcarea Fluorica is noted on the neck and back. In case of neck, it is mainly indicated for cases of goitre (lump in front of neck from an enlarged thyroid gland). It is also indicated for hard lymph nodes in neck presenting with stony hardness. It is helpful in managing lower back pain. It gives good results in case of lower backache occurring from strains. Those needing this medicine have worsening of this pain after rest which gets better from continued motion and from warmth. Along with backache, burning may be felt in the back. Tiredness is also felt in the lower back along with restlessness. This medicine is also considered in managing cases of scoliosis (sideways curvature of spine).

Key Indicating Features

Goitre (lump in front of neck from enlarged thyroid gland)

Lower backache occurring from strains

Back pain that worsens after rest and better from continued motion and from warmth

5. Limbs And Joints (Varicose Veins, Ganglion, Synovitis)

Action of Calcare Fluorica is also well marked on the limbs and joints. In case of limbs, this medicine has a great clinical reputation in treating cases of varicose veins on legs. It has shown excellent results in cases of ganglion (a fluid-filled lump developing on a joint or tendon). It works best in case of ganglion on the back of wrist. If we consider joints, it is well indicated for case of cracking in joints, synovitis (inflammation of synovial membrane lining the joint) of knee joint. Lastly, it is of value in cases of enlarged joints of fingers from increased uric acid levels (gout).

Key Indicating Features

Varicose veins on limbs

Ganglion on back of wrist

Synovitis of knee joint

Enlarged joints of fingers from high uric acid levels

6. Rectal Issues (Piles, Anal Fissures, Anal Itching)

With its action on rectum, it proves to be a highly effective medicine for cases of piles (swollen, enlarged veins in or around anus or in lower rectum). The characteristic for its use is piles with pain in the lower back in sacral region. The piles may be bleeding or non – bleeding type. Constipation is present along with piles. This medicine is also valuable to manage cases of anal fissures (tear in the mucosa lining the anus). There is extremely sore crack in the anal lining in cases needing it. Besides these it can be used in cases of anal itching from pin worms. It is worse at night waking the patient.

Key Indicating Features

Piles with pain in the lower back in sacrum

Anal fissure with extremely sore crack in the anal lining

Anal itching from pin worms

7. Skin Problems (Hard Lumps, Dry Cracked Skin, Ulcers, Adhesions)

Lastly, its action is marked on the skin to help with certain skin issues. To begin with, it is suitable to treat cases of lumps that are stony hard. For this complaint, it is a leading medicine in homeopathy. It is well indicated for healing cracked, dry and hard skin. Its use is highly preferred to heal cracks or hard skin in the palms of hands. Further, its use is recommended in case of ulcers that secretes thick yellow pus. The margins of ulcers are hard, elevated. Calcarea Fluor is next indicated in cases of adhesions that form after operation.

Key Indicating Features

Lumps with stony hardness

Cracked, dry, hard skin

Cracks or hard skin in the palms of hands

Ulcers secreting thick, yellow pus

Adhesions forming after operations

Modalities

Worsening factors: Complaints get worse from rest, beginning to move and changes of weather

Relieving factors: Complaints get better from warm applications, continued motion, by rubbing and from warm drinks

Dosage

This medicine can be used from third to twelfth potency. Among these the most frequently used is 6X potency. It can be repeated three to four times a day varying from case to case depending on the symptoms.

Relationship With Other Remedies

1. Calcarea Fluorica can be compared with remedies Conium in case of hard knots/ lumps.

2. It can be compared with medicine Hecla Lava when it comes to dental issues and complaint of bone spurs.

3. In case of backache, its comparison is done with medicine Rhus Tox.

4. Lastly, comparison of this medicine is done with medicine Silicea in cases of bone suppuration (pus formation).

 

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Homeopathic Remedies for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

An effective homeopathic treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) can save you from the surgeon’s knife and you may have my word for it. After having treated dozens Carpal Tunnel Syndrome cases with homeopathy I can surely bet on the efficacy of homeopathic medicines for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome treatment. Before I discuss the remedies for carpal tunnel syndrome, let’s understand what carpal tunnel syndrome is all about?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a very common condition affecting hands caused by compression of median nerve in wrist. Carpal tunnel is a narrow tunnel (passageway) in the palmar side of the wrist. The top of the tunnel is formed by ligament, and the bottom, and sides by carpal bones. Through this canal, the median nerve and tendons pass. Whenever there is swelling in the tissues of the carpal tunnel it leads to the compression of the median nerve and hence the whole syndrome or symptomatology of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome starts taking place which basically means pain, numbness, weakness, and tingling sensation in the hand or the fingers. It is also known as median nerve compression or median nerve entrapment.

Homeopathy is the best alternative natural treatment option in cases of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Homeopathic medicines help in managing symptoms of CTS magnificently. It gives long-term relief in symptoms by targeting the root cause behind it.

Homeopathic Remedies for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

The main medicines for treating Carpal Tunnel Syndrome are Causticum, Ruta, Hypericum, Arnica, Rhus Tox and Bellis Perennis.

A strange case that I recently treated with homeopathy was that of a retired Colonel in the army, who had taken up yoga after retirement, and would do a clapping exercise in the morning (kind of yoga exercise to treat stress). This excessive clapping was going on for the last 2-3 years. This was the only cause that I could identify in his case. Once he started with his remedies for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (Causticum and Ruta later on) and stopped clapping exercise, he recovered in no time.

1. Causticum – Top Medicine That Treats Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Causticum is ranked at the top to treat cases of CTS. I have treated many cases (successfully) with Causticum. The main symptoms are weakness in hands, numbness, and pain in the fingers. It is more indicated when the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome has increased to a level where there is an excessive weakness in the hands and the muscles of the hand have atrophied. Causticum should be administered in case of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome if the palmar side of the hand has a flat appearance (reduction in the musculature of hand).

2. Ruta – For CTS From Overuse Of Wrist (Strains), Tendonitis Or Wrist Fracture

Ruta is one of the best medicines which helps treat Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. It is used when from the overuse of wrist, tendonitis or after a sudden strain or fracture of the wrist CTS symptoms appear. There is marked pain in the wrist among those who need it.

3. Hypericum – When An Injury (Damaging Median Nerve) Triggers CTS

Hypericum comes in handy when there is a nerve injury related to the onset of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The injury damages median nerve. This medicine manages very well numbness, tingling and burning pain in the fingers, and hands.

4. Arnica – To Help CTS Cases From Injury Or Overuse Of Wrist

This medicine is very useful to manage cases of CTS from injury or overuse of wrist. It is suitable when there is pain in the hands. Along with this, there is tingling in hands, and arms in some cases. This medicine helps in healing injury, and remove effects of worst over-use with resultant symptom relief.

5. Rhus Tox – For Wrist Joint Inflammation Or Overuse Of Wrist Triggering CTS

Rhus Tox is very effective if one is suffering from CTS that follows overuse of wrist and hands causing strains or wrist joint inflammation (arthritis). Overuse of wrist or hands for example may occur from excessive typing work on computer, sewing, car driving just to name a few. Those who need Rhus Tox have pain and tenderness in the wrist. Any pressure exerted on the wrist is unbearable. There is numbness in fingers especially index and middle finger in morning.

6. Bellis Perennis – For CTS Related to Repetitive Strain Injury 

In addition to the above-mentioned medicines for CTS linked to repetitive strain injury, Bellis Perennis can be used as well. The characteristic symptom indicating its use is a contracted feeling in the wrist. It feels as if there is an elastic band around the wrist contracting it.

Signs & Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

1. Numbness, tingling and pain in thumb, fingers except medial half (medial means towards the body side) of ring finger and little finger and hands. These symptoms may radiate up the arm. The symptoms tend to worsen while holding objects. In the beginning, the symptoms get worst at night waking the sufferer from sleep, and also in the morning upon waking. A person may feel fingers are asleep, and may shake hands to feel better that in early stage even helps. But as the condition progresses, the numbness becomes constant. Besides a burning sensation or a sensation like an electric sock may be felt in these fingers and thumb.

2. Weakness of Hand Muscles & Reduced Grip Strength On Hands. As a result of this, the sufferer may have difficulty forming a fist and also tend to drop objects from hands. Thumb muscles that help in pinching also get weak

3. Wrist pain

4. Muscle atrophy (shrinkage) at base of thumb in severe cases

Cause Of CTS

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when median nerve is compressed or irritated in the wrist when it passes through carpal tunnel. Median nerve is responsible to provide sensation to fingers except little finger, and thumb plus send nerve signals for the movement of muscles at the base of the thumb.

Risk factors

A variety of factors are linked to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome development as follows:

1. Repeated trauma (overuse injury) to the tissues inside the carpal tunnel: It is quite common to find the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in people who perform repetitive movements of hands ++and of the wrist. Carpal tunnel is most common in people who use computers. Typing is one of the most common causes that lead to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome . Other mechanical jobs repeatedly strain wrist and may lead to the development of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome are driving vehicles, sewing, using hand tools (especially the ones that vibrate – carpenters are at high risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome), writing, piano players and playing other musical instruments.

2. Arthritis (joint inflammation) in wrist joint: for example, rheumatoid arthritis and gout that can reduce carpal tunnel space and compress median nerve

3. Wrist injury/fracture/dislocation

4. Having small carpal tunnel

5. It is common in females as compared to males. Women are at three times more risk of CTS as compared to men. The reason could be small carpal tunnel in women as compared to men.

6. Certain medical conditions also predispose a person towards the development of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome . They are diabetes, hypothyroidismand high blood pressure

7. Obesity, alcoholism, smoking, excessive salt intake also increases risk of CTS

8. Having a family history

9. Pregnancy and menopause: Here retention of fluid contributes to CTS by raising pressure in carpal tunnel and causing irritation of median nerve.

10. Use of certain medicines for example anastrozole

11. A tumour in carpal tunnel

Diagnosis and Investigations of CTS

The most important tests that diagnose CTS is nerve conduction study. Though there are physical examination tests that can hint towards CTS but to confirm diagnosis, nerve conduction test is best.

Physical examination test

1. Tinel’s sign: As per this test, tapping the median nerve (on palm side of wrist) at wrist trigger a tingling sensation in the fingers in case of CTS.

2. Wrist flexion / Phalen test: Pressing the back of hands against each other that bends wrists causes numbness/tingling within 60 seconds if the median nerve is damaged.

Investigations

1. Nerve conduction study test: It is the main test to diagnose CTS. In this test, electrodes are placed on hands and wrist and a little shock is passed through median nerve that measures conduction speed of nerve impulses. A slower than normal nerve impulses in carpal tunnel suggests presence of CTS.

2. Electromyography: in this test a thin needle is inserted into the muscle to check electrical activity of muscles. It will help reveal damage of those muscles  controlled by median nerve

3. X-ray and ultrasound of wrist: X-ray will help to rule out related conditions like arthritis or fracture though can not diagnose CTS. An ultrasound will help to examine bones and nerves of wrist and check for nerve compression

Lifestyle changes to manage CTS

1. Encourage short breaks at frequent intervals (few minutes every hour) when doing prolonged work involving hands and wrist

2. When working on computer press keys softly, chose comfortable computer mouse, and place keyboard at elbow height. This will reduce strain on wrist

3. Avoid activities that cause over extension of wrist and worsen symptoms

4. When doing any work with hands try to work with wrist straight

5. Keep correct posture to prevent straining wrist and hands

6. Physiotherapy exercise may be done

7. Wearing wrist splint at night may be helpful

8. Try keep hands warm that will relieve pain and stiffness of hands

9. Treat any underlying medical condition if present like diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure

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Millefolium: Homeopathic Medicine – Its Use, Indications And Dosage

The remedy Millefolium is derived from the plant Millefolium Achillea which is also known as ‘yarrow’ belonging to family ‘Composite.’

This whole fresh plant undergoes potentization (a process of preparing homeopathic medicines that arouses medicinal properties from a crude substance). Once it goes through this process, it is converted into a very useful homeopathic medicine Millefolium. It is one of the best homeopathic medicines to control bleeding from various body parts, especially when it is of bright red colour.

The ‘Millefolium’ Constitution

This medicine suits children and the elderly quite well. It is also suitable for women suffering from anemia.

Drug Action

The principal action of this medicine is to control bleeding (hemorrhage) from different body parts (eg: from nose, rectum, stomach, lungs, uterus, skin). The bleeding is of bright red color in all such cases. Its action is marked on nose, rectum, and female genitals. It is also administered in case of problems on the skin, limbs, head, and respiratory system.

Clinical Indications

Haemorrhages (bleeding), nose bleeding, bleeding piles, dysentery, heavy menses, dysmenorrhoea, suppressed menses, leucorrhoea, bruises, wounds, varicose veins, headache, hemoptysis, tuberculosis

 Scope As A Homeopathic Remedy

1. Nasal Complaints (Nasal Bleeding)

Millefolium controls bleeding from various body parts including the nose medically known as epistaxis. It is accompanied by congestion in the head and chest. It can also be used in case one has stuffy nose. Lastly, it is helpful in managing a sort of piercing pain from eyes to the root of the nose.

Key Indicating Features

Nasal bleeding with congestion to head and chest

Piercing pain from eyes to root of the nose

2. Rectal Problems (Bleeding Piles, Dysentery, Warts)

‘Millefolium’ has a wonderful action on the rectum. The most important complaint where it proves highly effective is bleeding piles (swollen, enlarged veins in or around anus or in lower rectum). It is administered when there is profuse bleeding from piles. It is also very useful in managing dysentery (infection of intestines that causes loose stool which contains blood and mucus). This medicine is considered when there is dysentery with marked blood and tenesmus (frequent, ineffectual urge to pass stool even when bowels are already empty). If someone has bleeding from warts in the anus area, this medicine can help settle it down as well.

Key Indicating Features

Profuse bleeding from piles

Dysentery with marked blood and tenesmus (frequent, ineffectual urge to pass stool even when bowels are already empty

Bleeding from warts of anus

Bleeding from intestine following much exertion

3. Female Problems (Heavy Menses, Suppressed Menses, Leucorrhoea)

This medicine has shown great clinical improvements in various women-related problems. To begin with, it is extensively used to manage heavy periods when bleeding is of bright red colour. The periods last for prolonged duration. An accompanying factor during the periods is colic pain. Tendency for early periods is also there. Bleeding from uterus after excessive exertion is also suggestive of its use. For heavy menses and intermenstrual bleeding attended with congestive headache, Millefolium is highly recommended. Another significant indication is infertility among women with heavy menses. Women who have suppressed menses accompanied with colicky abdominal pain can highly benefit from this medicine.  It is also well indicated in managing vaginal discharge (leucorrhoea) among girls.

Key Indicating Features

Heavy periods with bright red blood lasting for prolonged duration

Bleeding from uterus after excessive exertion

Heavy menses & intermenstrual bleeding with congestive headache

Suppressed menses accompanied with colicky abdominal pain

Vaginal discharges in children

4. Skin Issues (Bruises, Wounds, Vesicles)

Millefolium acts really well on the skin. It is a highly recommended medicine in managing bruises (blackish or bluish discoloration on the skin due to injured blood vessels near the skin). It is also capable of managing bleeding from wounds. Its use is preferred in treating several vesicles (fluid-filled bumps) on skin that are pea-sized of brown colour that discharge offensive fluid. Lastly, it can deal with wounds that occur after operation of stones in the bladder.

Key Indicating Features

Bruises

Bleeding from wounds

Several pea-sized vesicles on skin of brown color discharging offensive fluid

Wounds after operation of stones in bladder

5. Action On Limbs (Varicose Veins, Sprains, Achilles Tendon Pain)

Millefolium really acts well on the veins of the limbs. Its use is highly recommended in managing varicose veins (swollen, enlarged, twisted veins most commonly in legs), particularly that occur during pregnancy. These may bleed as well. These may be painful or painless. It is suitable in dealing with cases of sprains (overstretching or tearing of ligaments means the fibrous tissue which connects two bones together) and effects from falls. Besides these, its action is to manage Achilles tendon (this tendon is a tough fibrous band that connects calf muscle in the back of leg to the heel bone) pain. It is more prominent to help cases of pain in right sided Achilles tendon as if occurring from blow or sprain.

Key Indicating Features

Varicose veins during pregnancy

Pain in right-sided Achilles tendon as if occurring from blow or sprain

6. Head (Headache)

It really helps manage headache. It is successfully used for headache that gets worse from taking coffee. Headache is dull type. It also gets worse from stooping. Sometimes throbbing is felt in head and face. Along with pain in head, twitches may occur in the eyelids. In some cases, the headache is very violent and the sufferer strikes the head against the wall.

Key Indicating Features

Headache worse from taking coffee

Headache with twitching in eyelids

Violent headache with striking of the head against the wall

7. Respiratory Problems (Coughing Of Blood)

Lastly, some respiratory concerns can be dealt with successfully with this medicine. The foremost indication to use it is in case of lung complaints with coughing of blood (hemoptysis) that is bright red in color. This serves as the most prominent marker for use of Millefolium. It gives substantial relief in cases of cough accompanied by frequent spitting of blood. It may be accompanied by palpitations and oppression of the chest. Blood spitting in tuberculosis or coughing blood after an injury is also indicative of its use.

Key Indicating Features

Lung complaints with coughing of blood which is bright red in color

Modalities

Worsening factors: Complaints get worse from exertion, lifting, stooping, suppressed discharges, in the evening, at night, and from lying down

Relieving factors: Complaints get better from bleeding, heavy exercise

Dosage

It can be used from low to high potencies and also in mother tincture form. Its duration of action is just between one to three days, so it can be repeated frequently if it is being used in low potencies. But in high potencies, one should avoid frequent doses.

Relationship with Other Remedies

Antidoted by: Arsenic Iodatum and Arum Maculatum

It can be compared with homeopathic medicines Hamamelis and Ipecac (in its action of controlling bleeding)

 

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Physostigma Venenosum: Homeopathic Medicine – Its Use, Indications And Dosage

Physostigma Venenosum is a natural homeopathic medicine derived from plant Calabar bean also known as ‘ordeal-bean’. It belongs to family Leguminosae. This medicine is prepared from the beans of this plant through potentization (A process of preparing homeopathic medicines that arouses medicinal properties of a crude substance). It is one of the best homeopathic medicine to manage certain eyes complaints. These majorly includes myopia, glaucoma, astigmatism and blepharospasm.

Drug Action

The foremost action of this medicine is on the eyes. It also acts well on the head, ears, nose and gastric system.

Clinical Indications

Eye disorders, myopia, astigmatism, glaucoma, blepharospasm, eye floaters, headache, diarrhea, constipation, piles

Scope As A Homeopathic Remedy

1.Eye Complaints (Myopia, Glaucoma, Eye Floaters, Astigmatism, Blepharospasm, Photophobia, Night Blindness, Lagophthalmos, Exophthalmos)

Among various actions of Physostigma, if we have to pick the most prominent one then that would be on the eyes. It acts magnificently on the eyes and deals effectively with numerous eye-related problems. To begin with, it is a highly beneficial medicine for cases of myopia. Myopia, also known as near sightedness and short-sightedness, is a vision condition in which the sufferer can see near objects clearly but farther objects are blurry. It can be of great help in cases where myopia is increasing. Secondly, it is a well-indicated medicine for cases of glaucoma (a condition that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve). It is prominently indicated for glaucoma that follows after an eye injury. It is useful to manage cases of muscae volitantes (eye floaters). Here its use is primarily considered when there occur black spots or flashes of light before eyes.

This medicine can further help in symptom management of astigmatism cases. Astigmatism is a vision problem that arises from an error in shape of cornea or lens. Physostigma can also be given in cases of twitching of eyelid muscles medically known as blepharospasm. It is also effective in managing eye pain felt after eyeball movement. It can be used for sharp shooting or drawing pain in eyes. There is pain as well as soreness in eyes when eyeballs are moved from side to side. This medicine’s other action is to help cases of photophobia (sensitivity to bright light) and profuse lachrymation (eye-watering). Besides these, it is indicated for managing cases of night blindness (inability to see well at night or in poor light). Rest of its indications include lagophthalmos (inability to fully close the eyelids) and exophthalmos (bulging or protruding eyeballs).

Key Indicating Features

Increasing myopia (a vision condition in which the sufferer can see near objects clearly but the farther objects are blurry)

Glaucoma after an eye injury

Eye floaters with black spots or flashes of light before eyes

Astigmatism (a vision problem that arises from error in shape of cornea of lens)

Twitching of eyelid muscles (blepharospasm)

Night blindness (inability to see well at night or in poor light)

Lagophthalmos (inability to fully close the eyelids)

Exophthalmos (bulging or protruding eyeballs)

2. Head (Headache)

The action of Physostigma is also well marked on the head. It is of great help in managing headache. The guiding feature to use it is headache that worsens from the least mental exertion. It also gets worse at night. Along with pain, there is sleeplessness. There is no headache in the morning. The pain is marked over both the eyes. With this there is great difficulty in raising the eyelids. The headache can begin from the back of the head (occiput) and pass forward or vice versa. This medicine can be given to manage a pressure sensation on the top and the temples of the head. The pressure from the top of the head extends to the back of head.

Key Indicating Features

Headache worsens from the least mental exertion

Headache worsens at night along with sleeplessness

Headache is marked over both eyes with great difficulty in raising eyelids

3. Ear Problems (Earache, Tinnitus)

Physostigma acts well on the ears. Firstly, it helps to relieve earache. It works well in cases of sharp, shooting ear pain. A crawling sensation may be felt in the left ear. Secondly, it is a suitable medicine for cases of tinnitus (noises in ear without any external source of sound). Its use is recommended for ringing, buzzing or hissing noises in the ears. The ears feel blocked and stuffed up too. In some cases, there is sensitivity to every sound.

Key Indicating Features

Sharp, shooting pain in ears

Ringing, buzzing or hissing noises in ears

4. Nose (Cold, Fever Blisters, Twitching)

For treating nasal complaints, this medicine is mainly applicable to manage cold. The guiding feature to use it is easy–flowing nasal discharge attended with burning, smarting, itching, tingling in the nostrils. Nasal stuffiness is present. It suits well cases of fever blisters (fluid-filled bumps that arise due to an infection from herpes simplex virus) around the nose. Twitching of muscles of nose is yet another indication for using this remedy.

Key Indicating Features

Nasal discharge along with burning, smarting, itching, tingling in the nostrils

Fever blisters around the nose

Twitching of muscles of nose

5. Gastric Issues (Stomach Pain, Diarrhea, Constipation, Piles)

Physostigma is suitable for managing some gastric concerns too. It can effectively help cases of stomach pain that is felt after eating. The stomach is sensitive to pressure as well. It is beneficial for soreness and bloating in navel region. It is also a good medicine to relieve colicky pain in abdomen during loose motion which gets better by extending legs. This medicine can be given in cases of loose motion. Here its use is considered for soft, thin, profuse, yellowish stool or lumpy stool mixed with watery discharge. Its use can be done in constipation cases also arising from lack of tonicity of intestines. Lastly, a prominent indication for using it is piles (swollen, inflamed veins in the anus or the lower rectum) occurring in women after childbirth.

Key Indicating Features

Stomach pain felt after eating

Soreness and bloating in navel region

Colicky pain in abdomen during loose motion better by extending legs

Piles in women after childbirth

Modalities

Worsening factors: Complaints get worse from motion, jar, falls, misstep, pressure, heat and cold, lying on left side and change of temperature

Relieving factors: Complaints get relieved by closing eyes, from sleep, lying on right side or on abdomen and in cool open air

Dosage                                                                         

One may use this medicine in low as well as high potencies, depending on case presentation. The general rule to be followed is that low potencies can be repeated often while higher potencies should not be repeated frequently.

Relationship with Other Remedies

It can be compared with some other homeopathic remedies including Agaricus, Belladonna, Curare, Conium, Gelsemium, Passiflora and Solanum

 

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Bellis Perennis: Homeopathic Medicine – Its Use, Indications And Dosage

Bellis Perennis is a natural homeopathic remedy derived from the plant Daisy. This plant belongs to family Composite. To prepare Bellis Perennis, the whole fresh flowering plant has to undergo potentization. It is a process of preparing homeopathic medicines that arouses medicinal properties from a crude substance. Once turned into a medicine, it is the best medicine recommended to help in cases of injuries, trauma, sprains, strains, tendonitis, back pain, joint pain and carpal tunnel syndrome.

The ‘Bellis Perennis’ Constitution

It is a highly suitable medicine for overworked-labourers, especially gardeners and farmers.

Drug Action

The action of Bellis Perennis is majorly seen on the tendons, ligaments, muscles, joints and muscle fibers of blood vessels. Next, it also helps perfectly on the back, limbs, female organs, head, gastric organs, and skin. Its action is also noted in managing excessive fatigue and venous stasis.

Clinical Indications

Injuries, falls, trauma, sprains, strains, aching pains, sore pains, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, repetitive strain, joint pains, neuritis, neuralgia, tumors, bruises, backache, railway spine, pelvic pain, uterine prolapse, headache, indigestion, spleen disorders, boils.

Scope As A Homeopathic Remedy

1. For Injuries (Injuries, Bruises, Nerve Injury, Sprains, Strains)

The first and foremost well-known action of this medicine is noted in helping cases of injuries. It is extensively used in managing certain injuries successfully. It is also well-indicated for managing injuries that occur from falls, blows, and accidents. It can work well in healing bruises as well. Bruise refers to black, blue or purple skin discoloration from damaged blood vessels under the skin creating a pool of blood underneath the skin that arises from an injury. It is helpful in case of both, recent injuries as well as managing long-term effects of chronic injury. This remedy is helpful in relieving bruised and sore aching pains, and soreness and swelling that have resulted from injuries. It is also a valuable medicine to manage cases of nerve injuries attended with excessive soreness. Cold bathing helps in relieving it. It works wonderfully in managing muscle pain that has resulted from trauma. It is a great medicine for managing sprains (injury to muscles or tendons) and strains (overstretched or torn ligaments) as well. It is mainly useful to relieve excessive soreness in such cases. This medicine can effectively deal with cases where tumors or cysts have formed due to an injury. It is an important medicine when there occurs injury to deeper tissues after major surgery. It is also known to be helpful for cases of trauma to pelvic organs from blows, kicks or surgery.

Key Indicating Features

Injuries occurring from falls, blows, accidents and bruises

Bruised, sore aching pains, soreness and swelling post injury

Nerve injuries attended with excessive soreness

Muscle pain from a trauma

Sprains and strains with excessive soreness

Injury to deeper tissues after major surgical work

Trauma to pelvic organs from blows, kicks or surgery

2. Back Complaints (Backache, Sprains, Railway Spine, Fall)

Bellis Perennis acts magnificently on the back to deal with certain back issues. It is a brilliant medicine to deal with cases of backache that results from straining, overlifting and from excessive physical labour. In most cases needing it, the pain is sore, aching in nature. It acts really well to treat sprains in the back accompanied by excessive soreness. It is a leading medicine in railway spine (symptoms occurring from concussion of spine typically from railroad accidents). Lastly, it proves highly effective in managing cases of injury occurring from fall on the coccyx (tail bone).

Key Indicating Features

Backache from straining, overlifting and from excessive physical labour

Sprains in back attended with excessive soreness

Railway Spine

Injury from fall on the coccyx (tail bone)

3. Limbs & Joints (Joint Pain, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Varicose Veins)

Next, it acts prominently on the limbs and joints. It is a valuable medicine for managing joint pains. The joints are also sore. The joints feel lame as if sprained. It also acts well in treating conditions caused by repetitive strains. It is a top-grade medicine to treat cases of CTS – carpal tunnel syndrome (in this syndrome median nerve is compressed resulting in numbness, tingling, and weakness in hands and arms). The wrist feels contracted as from wearing an elastic band. Lastly, this medicine manages varicose veins (swollen, enlarged, twisted veins) quite well. The guiding symptom for its use is bruised sore feeling in varicose veins.

Key Indicating Features

Sore and painful joints

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Varicose veins with bruised sore feeling

4. Female Problems (Pelvic Pain, Injury, Prolapse, Tumours)

Action of Bellis Perennis is well-marked on female organs as well. It is very beneficial in cases of pelvic pain that goes to the back. Here pain is cramping in nature. There also occurs sore pain in the uterus with a sensation as if uterus is squeezed. This medicine is also indicated in case of injuries, and blows to the pelvic organs. Uterus feels sore. A downward pressure is felt in the uterus. Its use is also highly recommended in cases of prolapse of uterus and vagina.  Its use is further considered to help relieve soreness and aching pain in uterus after childbirth. Bellis Perennis is indicated to manage varicose veins during pregnancy. Lastly, it is of great use in cases of breast tumours that result from an injury.

Key Indicating Features

Pelvic pain that goes to the back

Sore pain in the uterus with sensation as if uterus is squeezed

Injuries and blows to pelvic organs, uterus feels sore

Prolapse of uterus and vagina

Soreness and aching pain in uterus after childbirth

Varicose veins during pregnancy

5. Head Complaints (Headache, Migraine)                                                  

With its action on head, Bellis Perennis proves effective in cases of headache. In cases needing it, the pain occurs from the back of head (occiput) to top of head (vertex). Bruised sensation and soreness is marked in the head. Headache getting better by holding the head tightly also indicates its use. This medicine also gives immense relief in migraine when accompanied with pain in eyes and watery secretion from the nose.

Key Indicating Features

Bruised sensation and soreness in head

Headache gets better by holding the head tightly

Migraine with pain in eyes and watery secretion from the nose

6. Gastric Concern (Soreness, Injury, Indigestion, Diarrhea, Enlarged Spleen)

By its action on the gastric system, this medicine can take care of various gastric issues effectively. Firstly, Bellis Perennis is indicated to help cases of soreness in abdominal walls. Secondly, it can be given for cases of rumbling and bloating in abdomen. It is a great medicine for managing injuries to abdominal organs. This medicine is further of special service in treating polyps in the intestines. It can next be used in cases of indigestion. There is pain and heaviness in stomach, with vomiting and acrid burps. It may be given in cases of diarrhea. It is useful for painless, foul-smelling loose stool with excessive gas. The condition gets worse at night. Lastly, its use is preferred for cases of sore, enlarged spleen. It is attended with sharp pain in spleen.

Key Indicating Features

Soreness of abdominal walls

Management of injuries to abdominal organs

Pain in stomach, heaviness in stomach, with vomiting and acrid burps

Sore, enlarged spleen with sharp pain

7. Skin Problems (Bruises, Boils, Itching)

Besides the above, Bellis Perennis acts well to relieve skin issues. To begin with, it can help in healing bruises. In cases needing it, bruises are attended with swelling and sensitivity to touch. Secondly, it can help cases of dry, cracked skin. Thirdly, it can be used in cases of boils (pus-filled painful lump under the skin). Here it works well when boils are accompanied by itching and burning sensation. Lastly, it can give great relief in skin itching. The itching gets worse from heat of bed and from hot bath. It gets better by cold application.

Key Indicating Features

Bruises attended with swelling and sensitivity to touch

Boils with itching and burning sensation

Skin itching worse from heat of bed and from hot bath, better by cold

Modalities

Worsening factors: Complaints get worse from injuries, from exertion, lifting, surgical operations, touch, from cold drinks, from warmth of bed, before storms, from cold wind and becoming chilled when hot

Relieving factors: Complaints get better from pressure, from continued motion

Dosage

This medicine can be used in both low and high potencies. One can repeat low potencies frequently but high potencies should not be repeated often.

Relationship with Other Remedies

It can be compared with medicines Arnica, Calendula, Hypericum and Hamamelis in case of injuries.

 

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